Reflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection, ROGP 064 Carlton ColwellReflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection, ROGP 064 Carlton Colwell

Reflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection, ROGP 064 Carlton Colwell

Descriptive Summary

Title: Reflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection, ROGP 064 Carlton Colwell
Creator Colwell, Carlton, 1926-
Dates 2009 January 14
Extent 1.0 interview
Repository Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
AbstractCarlton Colwell he ran a successful campaign for the Georgia House of Representatives in 1964. He represented several North Georgia mountain counties for thirty years. Colwell served on various committees, including Appropriations, Ways and Means, and Fiscal Affairs. He served as chairman of the State Institution and Property Committee, and oversaw the prison system in Georgia. Speaker Murphy appointed him to the constitutional revision commission, and he helped rewrite the Georgia Constitution. Colwell discusses his appointment to the Appropriations, Ways and Means, and State Institution and Property Committees in the State House. He recalls his time on the constitutional revision commission and his experience in the house when the first African Americans were elected to the legislature. Colwell discusses state-owned property and the involvement of the state in determining prison locations. He explains the origin of the nickname "the sawmill gang". Colwell also discusses party politics in Georgia.

Administrative Information

Custodial History note

Reflections on Georgia Politics began in the fall of 2006 at Young Harris College, as a lecture and discussion program hosted by Georgia political veteran Bob Short. In late 2007, the Richard B. Russell Library began producing the program as an oral history video series to further illuminate and personalize the tectonic shifts that occurred in Georgia politics in the late twentieth century.

Preferred citation

Reflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection, ROGP 064, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Georgia, 30602-1641.


Restrictions

Copyright Information

Resources may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.


Biographical Note

Carlton Colwell was born in Blairsville, Georgia, on June 27, 1926. He worked for General Motors for twelve years, until Jim Gillis asked him to run for the Georgia Senate. Despite winning the primary, redistricting prohibited him from serving. In 1964, he ran a successful campaign for the Georgia House of Representatives. He represented several North Georgia mountain counties for thirty years. Colwell served on various committees, including Appropriations, Ways and Means, and Fiscal Affairs. He served as chairman of the State Institution and Property Committee, and oversaw the prison system in Georgia. Speaker Murphy appointed him to the constitutional revision commission, and he helped rewrite the Georgia Constitution. Upon leaving politics, numerous highways, prison facilities, and technical schools in North Georgia were funded by and named after Colwell.


Scope and Content

Colwell discusses growing up in Blairsville and working for Ford. He recalls his friendships with Judge Tom Candler, Ed Jenkins, Phil Landrum, Denmark Groover, Elliott Levitas, and Tom Murphy.

Colwell discusses his decision to run for the Georgia General Assembly and how it was influenced by Jim Gillis. He discusses the difficulty of campaigning in a mountainous district.

Colwell discusses his appointment to the Appropriations, Ways and Means, and State Institution and Property Committees in the House. He also discusses his opinions of Governors Maddox and Sanders. As the chair of the State Institution and Property Committees, Colwell remembers initially working on the Ports subcommittee and subsequently working on the Penal subcommittee. He recalls his experience working with corrections legislation.

Colwell discusses his time on the constitutional revision commission and being in the house when the first African Americans were elected to the legislature. He discusses his relationships with Governors Carter, Busbee, Harris, Miller, and Barnes. Colwell also shares his opinion on Bill Lee, Marcus Collins, and Bubba McDonald.

Colwell discusses state-owned property and the involvement of the state in determining prison locations. He explains the origin of the nickname "the sawmill gang". He also discusses party politics in Georgia.


Related Collections in this Repository

Reflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection

Reflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection, ROGP 009 Carlton Colwell and Eric Holmes on Politics and Lobbying


Access Points

Appalachian Region--History.
Barnes, Roy E. (Roy Eugene), 1948-
Busbee, George, 1927-2004
Carter, Jimmy, 1924-
Georgia--Constitution.
Georgia--General Assembly--House of Representatives.
Georgia. Governor (1963-1967 : Sanders)
Georgia. Governor (1967-1971 : Maddox)
Georgia. Governor (1971-1975 : Carter)
Gillis, James L., 1892-1975.
Groover, Denmark, 1922-2001
Harris, Joe Frank, 1936-
Jenkins, Edgar Lanier, 1933-
Landrum, Philip M.
Lee, William J., 1925-
Levitas, Elliott Harris, 1930-
McDonald, Lauren, 1938-
Oral histories.
Political campaigns--United States--Georgia.
Politicians--Georgia.
Prison administration--Georgia.
Public lands--Georgia.

Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 
ROGP 064 Carlton Colwell video ( 66.0 minutes ) VIEW ONLINE
 
ROGP 064 Carlton Colwell transcript VIEW ONLINE