|Title:||Reflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection, ROGP 000-10 Carl Sanders and Norman Underwood on George Busbee|
|Creator||Sanders, Carl Edward, 1925-|
|Creator||Underwood, Norman Lee, 1941-|
|Repository||Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies|
|Abstract||Carl Sanders served in the Georgia House of Representatives and Senate and served as governor of Georgia from 1963-1967. Norman Underwood was a partner in Sanders’ law firm Troutman Sanders, LLP, in 1973, managed George Busbee’s campaign for governor, and became Busbee’s executive secretary in 1975. In this video Sanders and Underwood discuss George Busbee’s career as governor of Georgia from 1975 to 1983, commenting on his hard work, popularity, and the amendment to the Georgia Constitution that allowed him to serve two consecutive terms.|
Reflections on Georgia Politics began in the fall of 2006 at Young Harris College, as a lecture and discussion program hosted by Georgia political veteran Bob Short. In late 2007, the Richard B. Russell Library began producing the program as an oral history video series to further illuminate and personalize the tectonic shifts that occurred in Georgia politics in the late twentieth century.
Reflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection, ROGP 000-010, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Georgia, 30602-1641.
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Carl Edward Sanders was born in Augusta, Georgia on May 15, 1925. He attended the University of Georgia, where he accepted a football scholarship. In 1943, before he could finish his college education, he enlisted in the Air Force and trained as a B-17 pilot. After World War II he returned to the University, finishing three years of law school in two years and passing the bar in 1947. Sanders entered private practice in Atlanta and eventually started the law firm of Sanders, Thurmond, Hester and Jolles. In 1954, he made a successful bid for the Georgia House of Representatives. In 1956, he won a seat in the Georgia Senate. At the time, the seat rotated between Richmond, Glascock and Jefferson counties. Sanders was subsequently elected to the same seat by both Jefferson and Glascock counties due to his overwhelming popularity, becoming the only man to serve three consecutive terms in a multi-county district. In 1959, Governor Vandiver named Sanders floor leader of the senate. He went on to serve as president pro tempore of the senate from 1960 to 1962. Sanders took the next step in his political career by running for governor in 1962 against Marvin Griffin. With his positive campaign, Sanders emerged victorious, making him at 37 the youngest governor in the country at the time. Sanders could not succeed himself as governor and, therefore, retired back into private life in 1967. Instead of returning to Augusta, he and his family remained in Atlanta where he started a new law firm. On April 25, 1970, Sanders reemerged to announce for what would be his last attempt at public office. His campaign for governor, however, ended in defeat, with Jimmy Carter taking office. Sanders never ran for public office again, but worked for many other Democratic candidates such as Zell Miller, Andrew Young, and Sam Nunn. He also went on to serve as finance chairman for the Democratic Party of Georgia during George Busbee's term as governor.
Norman Lee Underwood was born in Red Bud, Georgia on July 15, 1941. Active in 4-H, he received the Homelite Chainsaw Company Scholarship, which allowed him to attend George Washington University and intern for Senator Richard B. Russell. He returned to Georgia, and graduated with a degree in forestry in 1964, and a law degree in 1966. Upon graduation, he was hired by Carl Sanders’ new law firm, Troutman Sanders, LLP, becoming a partner in the firm in 1973. He managed George Busbee’s campaign for governor, and Underwood left his law practice to become Busbee’s executive secretary in 1975. He was appointed as a judge to the Georgia Court of Appeals in 1979. He resigned at the end of the year in order to run for U.S. Senate. The attempt was unsuccessful, as was his 1982 run for governor. He remained involved with Senator Zell Miller, who appointed him his chairman of the Judicial Selection Commission. He no longer sought public office, but returned to the law firm Troutman Sanders LLP, where he became senior counsel.
Carl Sanders and Norman Underwood discuss George Busbee’s career as governor of Georgia from 1975 to 1983, commenting on his hard work, popularity, and the amendment to the Georgia Constitution that allowed him to serve two consecutive terms. Material for this discussion also incudes a brief recording of excerpts from an oral history interview with George Busbee.