Richard B. Russell Library Oral History Documentary Collection, OHD 001 No Other Road: 1953 Red and Black Editors Stand Up for Equality and Free SpeechRichard B. Russell Library Oral History Documentary Collection, OHD 001 No Other Road: 1953 Red and Black Editors Stand Up for Equality and Free Speech

Richard B. Russell Library Oral History Documentary Collection, OHD 001 No Other Road: 1953 Red and Black Editors Stand Up for Equality and Free Speech

Descriptive Summary

Title: Richard B. Russell Library Oral History Documentary Collection, OHD 001 No Other Road: 1953 Red and Black Editors Stand Up for Equality and Free Speech
Creator: Adams, Michael F., 1948
Creator: Britton, Gene
Creator: Daniels, Maurice
Creator: Davis, Priscilla Arnold
Creator: Lundy, Walter, 1933-
Creator: Middleton, Kent
Creator: Montevideo, Harry
Creator: Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies.
Creator: Shipp, Bill, 1933-
Creator: Ward, Horace T., (Horace Taliaferro), 1927-
Dates: 2003 November 10
Extent: 1.0 interview
Collection Number: RBRL/175/OHD
Repository: Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
Abstract: No Other Road: 1953 Red and Black Editors Stand Up for Equality and Free Speech is a public oral history that documents the experiences of the editors of the University of Georgia's newspaper, Red and Black, who in 1953 resigned in protest following their defense of Horace Ward's right to attend the University of Georgia Law School. Moderated by Harry Montevideo, the program includes interviewers Dr. Maurice Daniels and Dr. Kent Middleton, as well as University of Georgia President Michael Adams.

Collection Description

Historical note

In the fall of 1953 the four student editors of the Red and Black, Walter Lundy, Bill Shipp, Gene Britton, and Priscilla Arnold, defended the right of a young black man, Horace Ward, to be admitted to the all white University of Georgia School of Law. A series of editorials appeared earlier in 1952 and in the fall of 1953 that challenged racial segregation in Georgia’s public schools. University System Board of Regents member Roy Harris threatened to have the Board of Regents withhold appropriations for the school newspaper unless the staff stopped running editorials advocating the abolition of segregation in schools. At Harris’s request, the University of Georgia ultimately placed the Red and Black under the strict authority of the publications control board which would review the content of future editions and editorials. This action led to the resignation of both Lundy and Shipp who refused to surrender what had been a free and unfettered press. Their Wednesday, December 2nd, resignations were front page stories in the December 4th edition which was produced under the direction of acting editors Pricilla Arnold and Gene Britton. Arnold and Britton also declared their resignations on the editorial pages of the same edition.

–-Adapted from the introduction by Harry Montevideo to the No Other Road public oral history program.

Scope and Content

No Other Road, is a public oral history that was recorded on November 10, 2003, at the University of Georgia. In this program, Walter Lundy, Bill Shipp, Priscilla Arnold Davis, and Gene Britton discuss in front of an audience their experiences as editors of the University of Georgia newspaper, Red and Black, in 1953, when several editors wrote editorials condemning Governor Herman Talmadge and the Board of Regents for barring the enrollment of Horace Ward, who was an African American. Other participants in the panel include UGA President Michael Adams, Dr. Maurice Daniels, Dr. Kent Middleton, Dr. Derrick Alridge, Horace Ward, and Harry Montevideo.

The program begins with a commendation of Bill Shipp, Walter Lundy, Priscilla Arnold Davis and Gene Britton for their bravery and conviction. Next, events surrounding the the rejection of Horace T. Ward to the University of Georgia Law School are discussed, including the subsequent resignation of the Red and Black editors in 1954. The editors also discuss the drafting of Horace T. Ward in the Military and the desegregation of Georgia's schools, America's schools, and the armed services. Panelists recall their pesonal experiences with segregation and racism as well as reciving criticism by faculty, students, and staff. Other topics discussed include McCarthyism, African American enrollment in US Universities, and racial tension in the 1950s.


Administrative Information and Restrictions

Preferred citation

Richard B. Russell Library Oral History Documentary Collection, OHD 001, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Georgia, 30602-1641.

Copyright Information

Resources may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.

Finding Aid Publication

Finding aid prepared by Russell staff, 2013.


Related Materials

Access Points

Atlanta journal-constitution.
Audiovisual.
College integration--Georgia--Athens--History.
Editors--Georgia.
Housing--Georgia.
Journalism.
Oral histories.
Red and Black (Athens, Ga.)
School integration--Georgia.
Segregation--Georgia.
University of Georgia--Students--History--20th century.
University of Georgia.
University of Georgia. School of Law.
Vandiver, S. Ernest (Samuel Ernest), 1918-2005.

Related Collections in this Repository

Richard B. Russell Library Oral History Documentary Collection

Reflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection, ROGP 004 Bill Shipp

Reflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection, ROGP 147 Bill Shipp

Bill Shipp Papers

Walter A. Lundy Files, Red and Black (Fall 1953) Integration Issue Papers

Foot Soldier for Equal Justice: Horace T. Ward and the Desegregation of the University of Georgia Collection

Related Collections in Other Repositories

Horace T. Ward: Desegregation of the University of Georgia, Civil Rights Advocacy, and Jurisprudence by Maurice Daniels

We Shall Not Be Moved: The Desegregation of the University of Georgia by Robert A. Pratt


Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

OHD 001 No Other Road: 1953 Red and Black Editors Stand Up for Equality and Free Speech video (Extent: 88.0 minutes ) Access Online
OHD 001 No Other Road: 1953 Red and Black Editors Stand Up for Equality and Free Speech transcript Access Online