Prince H. Preston, Jr. PapersPrince H. Preston, Jr. Papers

Prince H. Preston, Jr. Papers

Descriptive Summary

Title: Prince H. Preston, Jr. Papers
Creator: Preston, Prince H., Jr., 1908-1961.
Dates: 1946-1961
Extent: 49.0 boxes (24 linear feet)
Collection Number: RBRL/170/PP
Repository: Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
Abstract: The Prince Preston Papers span the dates of 1946-1961, covering his seven terms as the representative from the First District (Bryan, Burke, Bulloch, Candler, Chatham, Effingham, Emanuel, Evans, Jenkins, Liberty, Long, McIntosh, Montgomery, Screven, Tattnall, Toombs, Treutlen, and Wheeler Counties) in the United States House of Representatives.

Collection Description

Biographical Note

Prince H. Preston was born on July 5, 1908 in Monroe, Georgia. He attended Statesboro public schools and graduated from the University of Georgia in 1930 with a LL.B. degree. After passing the bar, Preston practiced law in Statesboro. In 1935, he was elected to the Georgia House of Representatives for Bulloch County and was re-elected in 1937.

In September 1942, Preston volunteered for the U.S. Army and entered as a private. He had risen to the rank of Captain when he was honorably discharged on October 13, 1945. After leaving the military, Preston was elected Judge of City Court of Statesboro in 1946. He never took this position, however, due to his election to the U.S. Congress as First District Representative. He was subsequently re-elected for the next six terms but he lost his seat in 1960 to Elliot Hagan. Despite receiving a majority of the popular vote, Preston did not receive enough county-unit votes to win.

While he was a member of Congress, Preston served on the House Appropriations Committee and was named chairman of the Subcommittee on Commerce and Related Agencies in 1955, passing the budget requests for the Panama Canal, Saint Lawrence Seaway, and others. As head of the Subcommittee, Preston was especially proud of the fact that he was able to reduce the President's budget requests for the 15 agencies under the Subcommittee on Commerce and Related Agencies by 750 million dollars over five years. He was selected by presidential appointment twice to serve as a congressional advisor to UNESCO (United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization). He was interested in rivers and harbors and took an active role in the development of Savannah Harbor and the nine-mile channel connecting Savannah to Augusta. Preston worked to prohibit interstate shipment of slot machines, authoring the Johnson-Preston Law and also authored the Preston Venue Law which guarantees a citizen charged with violating Internal Revenue Laws the right to be tried before a jury of his peers rather than be forced to be tried in a distant court. He was also responsible for a bill that provided for the microfilming of government documents and made microfilm admissible in lieu of the original document as evidence in court. Preston was also, for one term from 1956 to 1958, Assistant Whip for the Democratic Majority.

Prince Preston died on February 2, 1961 in Savannah. He was survived by his wife, Myrtice Robinson Preston and their two daughters.

Scope and Content

The Prince Preston Papers consist of correspondence, press releases, printed materials, news clippings, photographs, campaign memorabilia, sound recordings, and film from Preston's service as Representative from the First District of Georgia in the United States House. The years represented are 1946 to 1961, and the activities are political (local, state, and national). During his time in office, Preston was most proud of his work as chairman of the Subcommittee on Commerce and Related Agencies in which he trimmed 750 million dollars from federal budgets over 5 years. While the files concerning legislative matters are chiefly from his last term in office (1959-1961), the campaign materials document Preston's complete political career in the House of Representatives. One film of interest that is available, however, is a previously classified film from the U.S. Energy Department, "Operation Ivy." Originally made for an exclusive audience of military and civilian officials with top-secret clearances, this film documents the November 1, 1952 testing of the Mike device -- the first thermonuclear or hydrogen bomb ever detonated -- on the island of Elugelab at Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands.

Organization and Arrangement

The Papers are divided into four series: I. Legislative (includes closed case mail and academy files), II. Political, III. Personal, and IV. Related Materials. Arrangement is chronological.


Administrative Information and Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Case mail and academy files are closed.

Preferred Citation

Prince H. Preston, Jr. Papers, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Georgia, 30602-1641.

Processing Notes

This collection was originally housed in the Hargrett Rare Books and Manuscript Library, where the papers were processed and organized. In 2000, alterations were made to the arrangement including the renaming of some series to provide a more clear description and the division and renaming of items at the folder level. Photographs, audiovisual materials, and artifacts were separated from the collection for their preservation.

User Restrictions

Library acts as "fair use" reproduction agent.

Copyright Information

Before material from collections at the Richard B. Russell Library may be quoted in print, or otherwise reproduced, in whole or in part, in any publication, permission must be obtained from (1) the owner of the physical property, and (2) the holder of the copyright. It is the particular responsibility of the researcher to obtain both sets of permission. Persons wishing to quote from materials in the Russell Library collection should consult the Director. Reproduction of any item must contain a complete citation to the original.

Finding Aid Publication

Finding aid prepared by Russell staff, 2008.


Related Materials

Access Points

Congressional records.
Gambling--Law and legislation--United States.
Harbors--Georgia.
Labor unions--Law and legislation--United States.
Legislators--United States.
Operation Ivy, 1952.
Photographs.
Rivers--Georgia.
Scrapbooks.
Speeches.
United States--Politics and government--1945-1989.
United States. Congress. House.
United States. Federal Housing Administration.
United States. Veterans Administration.

Related Collections in this Repository

Albert Sidney Camp Papers

John W. Davis Papers

Henderson L. Lanham Papers

Stephen Pace Post Office Papers

John L. Pilcher Papers

Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection

Hugh Peterson, Sr. Papers

G. Elliot Hagan Papers

E. L. (Tic) Forrester Papers


Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 

I. Legislative

Extent: 31.0 boxes
Extent: (15.5 linear feet)
Scope and Content: The Legislative series consists of constituent correspondence and research materials for bills from the House of Representatives from 1947 until 1961. Subject files form the bulk of the series with correspondence and materials concerning legislative bills and topics as well as postal appointments.



A. Subject Files

Scope and Contents note: The Subject Files are mainly correspondence that is arranged alphabetically by subject - generally, by the department or agency which the correspondence concerns, but in some cases also by the topic of legislation. For instance, materials concerning the expansion of Hunter Air Force Base may be found under folder titles "Hunter Air Force Base" or "Air Force" while a copy of the bill is located in folder, "Preston Bills." Most of the subject files date from Preston's last term in office, 1959-1961.
Included in the Subject Files are County Post Office files that concern postal appointments and routes in Preston's 1st District counties. These files are alphabetical by county and further subdivided by city. Unlike the rest of the subject files, the dates for the Post Office files span Preston's entire tenure in the House of Representatives.
BoxFolder
I.1 1Agriculture [general correspondence], February 12-September 12, 1960
I.1 2Agriculture [general correspondence], December 8-January 9, 1960
I.1 3Agriculture - Cotton, Peanut, Tobacco Allotments, [1960]
I.1 4Agriculture - Press Releases, [1960]
I.1 5Agriculture - Yearbooks, [1960]
I.1 6Air Force, [December 1959-1960]
BoxFolder
I.2 1Appointments, [December 1959-1960]
I.2 2Appropriations, [1960]
I.2 3Appropriations - Canal Zone Hospital, [1959-1960]
I.2 4Appropriations Committee, undated
I.2 5-6 Appropriations Committee - Subcommittee on Commerce and Related Agencies, [1960]
I.2 7Appropriations Committee - Subcommittee on State, Justice, and Judiciary, [1960]
BoxFolder
I.3 1Archives, [1960]
I.3 2Army, [1960]
I.3 3Army - Corps of Engineers, [1960]
I.3 4Agriculture and Soil Conservation, [1959-1960]
I.3 5Census Bureau, [1960]
I.3 6Census Bureau - Employment, [1960]
I.3 7Census of Agriculture, 1959
I.3 8Civil Aeronautics Board, [1960]
I.3 9Civil Defense, [1960]
I.3 10Civil Rights, [1960]
I.3 11Civil Rights Commission, [1960]
I.3 12Civil Service, [1960]
I.3 13Civil Service Commission, undated
I.3 14Clerk Hire, [1960]
I.3 15Coast Guard, [1960]
I.3 16Coast Guard Academy, [1956-1960]
I.3 17Commerce, [1960]
I.3 18Congressional Record - Remark by Preston, [1960]
BoxFolder
I.4 1Congressional Mailing List - 86th Congress, [1960]
I.4 2Congressional Directories, [1960]
I.4 3Conall, Reservation World Court, [1960]
I.4 4County Post Office Files: Bryan County - Blichton Post Office, [1955]
I.4 5County Post Office Files: Bryan County - Ellabelle Post Office, [1955-1959]
I.4 6County Post Office Files: Bryan County - Groveland Rural Route, [1951- 1955]
I.4 7County Post Office Files: Bryan County - Lanier Post Office, undated
I.4 8County Post Office Files: Bryan County - Pembroke Post Office, [1959]
I.4 9, 10 County Post Office Files: Bryan County - Pembroke Rural Route Extension, [1955-1960]
I.4 11County Post Office Files: Bryan County - Richmond Hill Post Office, [1956-1960]
I.4 12County Post Office Files: Bryan County - Collegeboro Post Office, [1955- 1960]
I.4 13County Post Office Files: Bryan County - Portal Post Office, [1960]
I.4 14County Post Office Files: Bryan County - Register Post Office, [1955-1959]
I.4 15County Post Office Files: Bryan County - Statesboro Post Office, [1952- 1962]
I.4 16County Post Office Files: Bryan County - Statesboro Rural Route, [1952-1960]
I.4 17County Post Office Files: Bryan County - Statesboro Rural Route Extensions, [1949-1960]
I.4 18County Post Office Files: Bryan County - Stilson Post Office, [1955-1960]
BoxFolder
I.5 1County Post Office Files: Burke County - Alexander Post Office, [1955]
I.5 2County Post Office Files: Burke County - Girard Post Office, [1958]
I.5 3County Post Office Files: Burke County - Keysville Post Office, [1959-1960]
I.5 4County Post Office Files: Burke County - McBean Rural Route, [1954]
I.5 5County Post Office Files: Burke County - Midville Clerkship, [1949-1956]
I.5 6County Post Office Files: Burke County - Midville Post Office, [1956-1960]
I.5 7County Post Office Files: Burke County - Munnerlyn Post Office, [1952-1960]
I.5 8County Post Office Files: Burke County - Sardis Rural Route, [1952-1953]
I.5 9County Post Office Files: Burke County - Vidette Post Office, [1955]
I.5 10County Post Office Files: Burke County - Waynesboro Post Office, [1949-1960]
I.5 11County Post Office Files: Burke County - Waynesboro Rural Route Extension, [1951-1956]
I.5 12County Post Office Files: Candler County - Mettier Post Office, [1950-1960]
I.5 13County Post Office Files: Candler County - Pulaski Post Office, [1954]
I.5 14County Post Office Files: Candler County - Pulaski Rural Route Extension, [1950-1953]
I.5 15County Post Office Files: Chatham County - Bloomingdale Post Office, [1954-1959]
I.5 16County Post Office Files: Chatham County - Fort Screven Post Office, [1953]
I.5 17County Post Office Files: Chatham County - Economic Appraisal of Nathaniel Greene Villa, Project GA 2-8, Savannah, [1957]
Box
MapcaseBuilding Plans for Nathaniel Greene Villa, Savannah, Georgia (7) [oversize]
BoxFolder
I.5 18County Post Office Files: Chatham County - Pooler Post Office, [1959-1960]
I.5 19County Post Office Files: Chatham County - Fort Wentworth Post Office, [1959-1960]
I.5 20County Post Office Files: Chatham County - Savannah Beach Post Office, [1952-1960]
I.5 21County Post Office Files: Chatham County - Savannah Post Office, [1953-1956]
BoxFolder
I.6 1County Post Office Files: Chatham County - Savannah Post Office, [1956-1960]
Box
MapcaseNational Postal Transport Association News Bulletin [removed from County Post Office Files: Chatham County- Savannah Post Office]
BoxFolder
I.6 2County Post Office Files: Chatham County - Savannah Rural Route, [1949-1957]
I.6 3County Post Office Files: Chatham County - Thunderbolt Post Office, [1954-1958]
I.6 4County Post Office Files: Effingham County - Clyo Post Office, [1952-1960]
I.6 5County Post Office Files: Effingham County -Eden Post Office, [1956]
I.6 6County Post Office Files: Effingham County - Egypt Post Office, [1956-1958]
I.6 7County Post Office Files: Effingham County - Guyton Post Office, [1954-1960]
I.6 8County Post Office Files: Effingham County - Marlowe Post Office, [1955-1958]
I.6 9County Post Office Files: Effingham County - Meldrin Post Office, [1956]
I.6 10County Post Office Files: Effingham County -Rincon Post Office, [1954-1960]
I.6 11County Post Office Files: Effingham County - Springfield Post Office, [1955-1960]
I.6 12County Post Office Files: Effingham County - Stillwell Post Office, [1956-1959]
I.6 13County Post Office Files: Emanuel County - Adrian Post Office, [1954-1960]
I.6 14County Post Office Files: Emanuel County - Adrian Post Office Route, [1947-1954]
I.6 15County Post Office Files: Emanuel County - Covena Post Office, [1955-1958]
I.6 16County Post Office Files: Emanuel County - Garfield Post Office, [1951-1958]
I.6 17County Post Office Files: Emanuel County - Lexsy Post Office, [1957]
I.6 18County Post Office Files: Emanuel County - Norristown Post Office, [1955-1954]
I.6 19County Post Office Files: Emanuel County - Nunez Post Office, [1954-1956]
I.6 20County Post Office Files: Emanuel County - Oak Park Post Office, [1950-1959]
I.6 21County Post Office Files: Emanuel County - Stillmore Post Office, [1955-1957]
BoxFolder
I.7 1County Post Office Files: Emanuel County - Summerton Postmastership, [1949-1960]
I.7 2County Post Office Files: Emanuel County - Summerton Rural Route Extensions, [1953-1958]
I.7 3County Post Office Files: Emanuel County - Swainsboro Post Office, [1952-1957]
I.7 4County Post Office Files: Emanuel County - Swainsboro Post Office Clerkship, [1950-1953]
I.7 5County Post Office Files: Emanuel County - Swainsboro Rural Route, [1953-1957]
I.7 6County Post Office Files: Emanuel County - Swainsboro Rural Route Extension, [1953-1957]
I.7 7County Post Office Files: Emanuel County - Twin City Post Office, [1952-1957]
I.7 8County Post Office Files: Emanuel County - Twin City Rural Route Extension [1952-1955], [1952-1955]
I.7 9County Post Office Files: Evans County - Bellville Post Office, [1954]
I.7 10County Post Office Files: Evans County - Claxton Post Office, [1948-1960]
I.7 11County Post Office Files: Evans County - Daisy Rural Route, [1952-1954]
I.7 12County Post Office Files: Evans County - Hagan Post Office, [1958]
I.7 13County Post Office Files: Jenkins County - Herndon Post Office, [1954-1959]
I.7 14County Post Office Files: Jenkins County - Millen Post Office, [1948-1960]
I.7 15County Post Office Files: Jenkins County - Perkins Post Office, [1960]
I.7 16County Post Office Files: Liberty County - Dorchester Post Office, [1954]
I.7 17County Post Office Files: Liberty County - Flemington Post Office, [1958]
I.7 18County Post Office Files: Liberty County - Hinesville Post Office, [1956-1960]
I.7 19County Post Office Files: Liberty County - Hinesville Rural Route, [1952-1956]
I.7 20County Post Office Files: Liberty County - McIntosh Post Office, [1960]
I.7 21County Post Office Files: Liberty County - Richboro Post Office, [1953-1955]
I.7 22County Post Office Files: Liberty County - Walthourville Post Office, [1958]
I.7 23County Post Office Files: Long County - Ludowici Post Office, [1954-1960]
I.7 24County Post Office Files: Long County - Ludowici Rural Route Extension, [1952-1954]
I.7 25County Post Office Files: McIntosh County - Crescent Post Office, [1955]
BoxFolder
I.8 1County Post Office Files: McIntosh County - Darien County Post Office, [1953-1960]
I.8 2County Post Office Files: McIntosh County - Eulonia Post Office, [1955-1956]
I.8 3County Post Office Files: McIntosh County - Ridgeville Post Office, [1955-1958]
I.8 4County Post Office Files: McIntosh County - Townsend Post Office, [1955-1959]
I.8 5County Post Office Files: McIntosh County -Valona Post Office, [1955]
I.8 6County Post Office Files: Montgomery County - Ailey Rural Route, [1960]
I.8 7County Post Office Files: Montgomery County - Alston Post Office, [1953-1957]
I.8 8County Post Office Files: Montgomery County - Mt. Vernon Post Office, [1956-1960]
I.8 9County Post Office Files: Montgomery County - Tarrytown Post Office, [1959-1960]
I.8 10County Post Office Files: Montgomery County - Uvalda Post Office, [1949-1960]
I.8 11County Post Office Files: Screven County - Halcyon Dale Rural Route, [1949-1955]
I.8 12County Post Office Files: Screven County - Halcyon Dale Rural Route Extension, [1954-1957]
I.8 13County Post Office Files: Screven County - Milhaven Post Office, [1955]
I.8 14County Post Office Files: Screven County - Newington Post Office, [1956-1960]
I.8 15County Post Office Files: Screven County - Ogeechee Post Office, [1955-1956]
I.8 16County Post Office Files: Screven County - Oliver Post Office, [1957-1958]
I.8 17County Post Office Files: Screven County - Rocky Ford Rural Route, [1951-1960]
I.8 18County Post Office Files: Screven County - Sylvania Post Office Rural Route, [1955-1960]
I.8 19County Post Office Files: Screven County - Sylvania Rural Route Extension, [1953-1954]
BoxFolder
I.9 1County Post Office Files: Toombs County - Lyons Post Office, [1957-1960]
I.9 2County Post Office Files: Treutlen County - Soperton Post Office, [1950-1960]
I.9 3County Post Office Files: Wheeler County - Alamo Post Office, [1956-1959]
I.9 4County Post Office Files: Wheeler County - Glenwood Rural Route, [1956-1960]
I.9 5County Post Office Files: Wheeler County - Helena Rural Route Extension, [1956]
I.9 6Defense, [1960]
I.9 7,8 Democratic National Committee, [1960]
I.9 9Departmental, [1960]
I.9 10Departmental "A", [1960]
I.9 11Departmental "B", [1960]
I.9 12Departmental "C", [1960]
I.9 13Departmental "D", [1960]
I.9 14Departmental "E", [1960]
I.9 15Departmental "F", [1960]
I.9 16Departmental "G", [1960]
I.9 17Departmental "H", [1960]
I.9 18Departmental "I", [1960]
I.9 19Departmental "J", [1960]
I.9 20Departmental "K", [1960]
I.9 21Departmental "L", [1960]
I.9 22Departmental "M", [1960]
I.9 23Departmental "Mc", [1960]
I.9 24Departmental "N", [1960]
I.9 25Departmental "O", [1960]
I.9 26Departmental "P", [1960]
I.9 27Departmental "Q", [1960]
I.9 28Departmental "R", [1960]
I.9 29Departmental "S", [1960]
I.9 30Departmental "T", [1960]
I.9 31Departmental "V", [1960]
I.9 32Departmental "W", [1960]
I.9 33District Price Control File - general, undated
I.9 34Document Forms - Census, undated
BoxFolder
I.10 1Document Forms - Civil Service, undated
I.10 2Document Forms - Military, undated
I.10 3,4 Document Forms - Veterans, undated
I.10 5Document Forms - Miscellaneous, undated
I.10 6Documents Received, [1960]
I.10 7,8 Document Requests, [1960]
BoxFolder
I.11 1,2 Education, [1960]
I.11 3Education Speech-"The Red Piper's New Tune", [1957]
I.11 4Employee Compensation Bureau, [1960]
I.11 5Employee Comp, undated
I.11 6Employment "A", [1959-1960]
I.11 7Employment "B", [1959-1960]
I.11 8Employment "C", [1959-1960]
BoxFolder
I.12 1Employment "C", [1959-1960]
I.12 2Employment "D", [1959-1960]
I.12 3Employment "E", [1959-1960]
I.12 4Employment "F", [1959-1960]
I.12 5Employment "G", [1959-1960]
I.12 6Employment "H", [1959-1960]
I.12 7Employment "I", [1959-1960]
I.12 8Employment "J", [1959-1960]
I.12 9Employment "K", [1959-1960]
I.12 10Employment "L", [1959-1960]
I.12 11Employment "M", [1959-1960]
I.12 12Employment "Mc", [1959-1960]
I.12 13Employment "N", [1959-1960]
I.12 14Employment "O", [1959-1960]
I.12 15Employment "P", [1959-1960]
I.12 16Employment "Q", [1959-1960]
I.12 17Employment "R", [1959-1960]
I.12 18Employment "S", [1959-1960]
I.12 19Employment "T", [1959-1960]
I.12 20Employment "U", [1959-1960]
I.12 21Employment "W", [1959-1960]
I.12 22Employment "X,Y,Z", [1959-1960]
BoxFolder
I.13 1Executive Committee - general, undated
I.13 2Farmers Bulletin, [1960]
I.13 3Farmers Home Administration, [1960]
I.13 4Federal Highway Administration, [1959]
I.13 5Federal Aviation Administration -- Toccoa Airport, [1960]
I.13 6Federal Bureau of Investigation, [1960]
I.13 7Federal Communications Commission, [1960]
I.13 8Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, [1960]
I.13 9Federal Housing Administration, [1949]
I.13 10Federal Housing Administration, [1950]
I.13 11Federal Housing Administration, [1960]
I.13 12Federal Housing Administration, [1948]
I.13 13Federal Housing Administration - Special File - Mr. Preston, [1954-1956]
I.13 14Federal Housing Administration, [1950-1956]
I.13 15Federal Power Commission, [1960]
I.13 16Federal Trade Commission, undated
I.13 17Fish and Wildlife Service, [1960]
I.13 18Foreign Aid, [1960]
BoxFolder
I.14 1Foreign Trade Impact Study, [1957-1958]
I.14 2Fort Stewart, [1960]
I.14 3General Accounting Office, [1960]
I.14 4General Services Administration, [1960]
I.14 5General Services Administration - Statesboro Building, [1960]
I.14 6Georgia Education Association, [1960]
I.14 7Government Printing Office, undated
I.14 8Graving Docks Bill, undated
I.14 9GSA - Swainsboro Building, undated
I.14 10Health, [1960]
I.14 11Health, Education, and Welfare, [1960]
I.14 12High School Groups, [1960]
I.14 13Highways, [1960]
I.14 14House Folding Room, [1960]
I.14 15House Patronage Committee, [1959-1960]
I.14 16Housing, [1960]
I.14 17Housing and Home Finance Agency, [1960]
I.14 18Hunter Air Force Base, [1960]
I.14 19Immigration and Naturalization Service, [1960]
I.14 20Interior, [1960]
I.14 21, 22 Internal Revenue Service, [1960]
BoxFolder
I.15 1Interstate Commerce Commission, [1960]
I.15 2Interstate and Foreign Commerce Committee, [1960]
I.15 3Jails and Penitentiaries, [1960]
I.15 4Judiciary, [1960]
I.15 5Judiciary - Port of New York Authority, [1960]
I.15 6Justice, [1960]
I.15 7Labor, [1960]
I.15 8Labor, [January1 - May 31, 1959]
I.15 9Labor, [June 1 - July 31, 1959]
I.15 10Labor, [August 1 - August 12, 1959]
I.15 11Labor, [August 13 - September 19, 1959]
BoxFolder
I.16 1,2 Labor Reform Bill, [1959]
I.16 3Labor, [September 20 - December 31, 1959]
I.16 4, 5, 6 Labor, [1960]
BoxFolder
I.17 1Legislation - Appropriations - Dodd Amendment, [1960]
I.17 2Library of Congress, [1960]
I.17 3Mailing Lists, [1960]
I.17 4Maritime Administration, [1960]
I.17 5Merchant Marine, [1960]
I.17 6Merchant Marine, [1955]
I.17 7Merchant Marine Academy, [1956]
I.17 8Merchant Marine - Clements, Danny Charles, [1960]
I.17 9Military, [1960]
I.17 10Miscellaneous Correspondence, [June 14 - August 13, 1960]
I.17 11Miscellaneous Correspondence, [January-March 31, 1960]
Box
MapcaseBlueprint for highway median crossovers on U.S. 80-25 Bulloch [removed from Misc. correspondence]
BoxFolder
I.17 12Miscellaneous Correspondence, [April 1 - June 9, 1960]
BoxFolder
I.18 1Miscellaneous Legislation, [January 1 - April 30, 1960]
I.18 2Miscellaneous Legislation, [May - September 31, 1960
I.18 3National Federation of Independent Business Ballots, [1960]
I.18 4National Guard Army, [1960]
I.18 5National Guard Armory, [1960]
I.18 6National Guard Armory - Statesboro, [1960]
I.18 7National Labor Relations Board, [1960]
I.18 8Navy, undated
I.18 9Offense Expense in District, [1960]
I.18 10Palmetto Bluff, [1960]
I.18 11Passports, [1960]
I.18 12Patents, [1960]
BoxFolder
I.19 1, 2, 3 Post Office, [1959-1960]
I.19 4Postal, [1960]
I.19 5Preston Bills, [1959]
I.19 6Preston Bills, [1947-1949]
I.19 7Preston Bills, [1950-1957]
I.19 8Preston Bills, [1950-1955]
I.19 9Preston Bills, [1957-1958]
BoxFolder
I.20 1Preston Remarks in Congressional Record, [1955]
I.20 2Private Bill - Sgt. Willie E. Connor, [1959-1960]
I.20 3Public Housing Administration, [1960]
I.20 4Public Roads Administration, [1960]
I.20 5Quotations - Reference, [1951]
I.20 6Railroad Retirement, [1960]
I.20 7Railroad Retirement Board, [1959-1960]
I.20 8Railroads, undated
I.20 9Rural Electrification Administration, [1960]
I.20 10N.S. Savannah, [1960]
I.20 11S.S. Savannah, [1960]
I.20 12Savannah Harbor, [1960]
Box
MapcaseAnnual Report of the Harbor Master for the Year 1959 [removed from Savannah Harbor]
MapcaseTybee Bar Examination Survey [removed from Savannah Harbor]
BoxFolder
I.20 13Savannah River Projects, [1960]
I.20 14Segregation - Sit-in Demonstration, [1960]
I.20 15Segregation, undated
BoxFolder
I.21 1School Lunch Program, undated
I.21 2Slot Machines, [1950]
I.21 3Small Business Administration, [1960]
I.21 4Shrimp Bill - H.R. 8184, [1960]
I.21 5-9 Social Security, [1959-1960]
BoxFolder
I.22 1Social Security Administration, [1960-1961]
I.22 2, 3 Soil Conservation Service, [1958-1961]
I.22 4Speech Material, [1960]
I.22 5, 6 Speeches, [1948-1950]
I.22 7State, [1960]
I.22 8Statesboro Airport, [1960]
I.22 9Supreme Court Decisions, Reference, [1947-1948]
I.22 10Tariff Commission, [1960]
BoxFolder
I.23 1Voting Record by Roll Calls, undated
I.23 2Voting Record - Preston, undated
I.23 3Voting Record by Roll Calls - 80th through 85th Congress, [1948-1958]
I.23 4Ways and Means, [1960]
I.23 5Welfare, [January - August 1960]
I.23 6Welfare, [September - December 1960]
I.23 7Weather Bureau, [1960]
I.23 8The White House, [1960]
I.23 9Remarks by Preston, 1947
Box
I.24 Individual Voting Records by Roll call - 80-86th Congres, 1946-1961
 

II. Political

Extent: 13.0 boxes
Extent: (6.25 linear feet)
Scope and Content: This series documents Preston's campaign for the Georgia 1st District US Congressional seat in 1946 and subsequent campaigns for re-election in 1948, 1950, 1952, 1954, 1956, 1958, and 1960. Included in this series are correspondence, county files, speeches, newspaper clippings, financial information, campaign materials, and election results.



A. 1946 Campaign

Scope and Contents note: In 1946, Preston was elected Judge of the City Court of Statesboro. He never served as judge, running also for Congress in the time between his judicial victory and the date he was scheduled to take office. In a chaotic and very close election, Preston defeated incumbent 1st District U.S. Representative Hugh Peterson and Charles R. Cochran. At the close of the race, Peterson and Preston were tied in county unit votes, and the results in Bryan County gave Peterson the lead by only 3 votes. Preston demanded a recount in Bryan County, and the revised figures gave Preston a 6 vote majority - giving Preston Bryan county and the necessary county unit votes to win the election 24 to 22. This subseries contains key contacts from the 1st district, county files, correspondence, financial records, speeches and campaign materials. Arrangement is chronological.
BoxFolder
II.1 1Campaign - misc.
II.1 2Campaign Documents
II.1 3Campaign Expenses
II.1 4Albert L. Cobb
II.1 5County Files - Bryan County
II.1 6County Files - Bryan County Recount
II.1 7County Files - Bulloch County
II.1 8County Files - Burke County
II.1 9County Files - Candler County
II.1 10-11 County Files - Chantham County
II.1 12County Files - Effingham County
II.1 13County Files - Emanuel County
II.1 14, 15 County Files - Evans County
BoxFolder
II.2 1County Files - Jenkins County
II.2 2County Files - Liberty County
II.2 3County Files - Long County
II.2 4County Files - McIntosh County
II.2 5County Files - Montgomery County
II.2 6County Files - Screven County
II.2 7County Files - Tatnell County
II.2 8County Files - Toombs County
II.2 9County Files - Treulten County
II.2 10County Files - Wheeler County
II.2 11, 12 "A" misc. correspondence
II.2 13"B" misc. correspondence
II.2 14"C" misc. correspondence
II.2 15"D" misc. correspondence
II.2 16"E" misc. correspondence
II.2 17"F" misc. correspondence
Box
MapcaseBlueprint for proposed relocation of W&A Railroad [removed from "f" misc. correspondence]
BoxFolder
II.2 18Farm Bureau Lists
II.2 19"G" misc. correspondence
II.2 20"H" misc. correspondence
BoxFolder
II.3 1"J" misc. correspondence
II.3 2"K" misc. correspondence
II.3 3"L" misc. correspondence
II.3 4"M" misc. correspondence
II.3 5"N" misc. correspondence
II.3 6"O" misc. correspondence
II.3 7"P" misc. correspondence
II.3 8"Q" misc. correspondence
II.3 9"R" misc. correspondence
II.3 10"S" misc. correspondence
II.3 11"T" misc. correspondence
II.3 12"U" misc. correspondence
II.3 13"V" misc. correspondence
II.3 14"W" misc. correspondence
II.3 15Speeches and Materials



B. 1948 Campaign

Scope and Contents note: Preston returned to Congress without opposition in 1948. This subseries contains one folder of campaign documents and correspondence.
BoxFolder
II.3 16[Documents and Correspondence]



C. 1950 Campaign

Scope and Contents note: Preston returned to Congress without opposition in 1950. This subseries contains campaign documents and correspondence as well as materials from the 1951 Democratic Executive Committee meeting.
BoxFolder
II.3 17[Documents and Correspondence], undated
Box
MapcaseOfficial ballot from the Long Co. Democratic Primary [removed from Documents and correspondence]
BoxFolder
II.4 1Executive Committee, 1951
II.4 2Political - special letters, [1951]



D. 1952 Campaign

Scope and Contents note: Preston returned to Congress without opposition in 1952. While this subseries does not contain materials from Preston's campaign, it does contain documents and correspondence from the 1952 Democratic National Convention and Richard B. Russell's 1952 bid for the Democratic Nomination for president.
BoxFolder
II.4 3Democratic National Convention
II.4 4[Correspondence and Documents]
Box
MapcaseState of Georgia Ballot for Election, Bulloch Co. [removed from Correspondence and Documents], 1952



E. 1954 Campaign

Scope and Contents note: In 1954, Preston had no opposition in the Democratic primary and defeated Frank Downing of Savannah in the general election. Materials in this subseries include correspondence, financial records, and press files.
BoxFolder
II.4 5Campaign File and Committee Lists
II.4 6General Election Expenses and Receipts
II.4 7Convention
BoxFolder
II.5 1Press and Radio Releases



F. 1956 Campaign

Scope and Contents note: In his 1956 bid for re-election, Preston defeated Spence M. Grayson and G. Elliot Hagan in the Democratic primary and Harry P. Anestos in the general election. Included in this subseries are press files, correspondence, county files, news clippings, speeches, and election results. There are also files from the 1956 Democratic National Convention and the 1955-1956 Executive Democratic Committee.
BoxFolder
II.5 2Ads, Newspaper Releases
II.5 3Ads and Newspaper Releases from August 1, 1956
Box
Mapcase"We Endorse Preston for Congress Again" reprint from Millen News
BoxFolder
II.5 4Post Election Letters of Congratulations
II.5 5Spence M. Grayson
II.5 6Press Releases
II.5 7August and September Correspondence
II.5 8Radio and TV Releases
BoxFolder
II.6 1County Files - Bryan County
II.6 2County Files - Bulloch County
II.6 3County Files - Burke County
II.6 4County Files - Candler County
II.6 5-6 County Files - Chatham County
II.6 7County Files - EffinghamCounty
II.6 8County Files - Emanuel County
II.6 9County Files - Evans County
II.6 10County Files - Jenkins County
II.6 11County Files - Liberty County
II.6 12County Files - Long County
II.6 13County Files - McIntosh County
II.6 14County Files - Montgomery County
II.6 15County Files - Screven County
II.6 16County Files - Tatnell County
II.6 17County Files - Toombs County
II.6 18County Files - Treulten County
II.6 19County Files - Wheeler County
II.6 20Democratic National Convention
II.6 21District O.P.S
II.6 22Executive Democratic Committee, 1955-1956
BoxFolder
II.7 1List of Justices of Peace, Notaries Public, and Ex-Officio
II.7 2Press Clippings - G. Eliot Hagan
II.7 3Speeches
II.7 4Talmadge Bridge Series / Atlanta Constitution
II.7 5TV Speech (WTOV, Savannah), 7-Aug-56
II.7 6TV Speech (WSAV, Savannah), 13-Aug-56
II.7 7Copy for Radio Spots
II.7 8TV Speech (WTOC, Savannah), 4-Sep-56
II.7 9TV Speech (WTOC, Savannah), 11-Sep-56
II.7 10"Rayburn"
II.7 11Returns - Primary and General Elections
II.7 12Voting Precincts - 17 counties in First District
II.7 13Advertising Services
II.7 14W.A. Bowen, Manager
II.7 15-16 Congratulation Correspondence



G. 1958 Campaign

Scope and Contents note: Preston defeated G. Elliot Hagan in the Democratic primary and was unopposed in the general election. Included in this subseries are correspondence, speeches, county files, press files, financial records, and election results.
BoxFolder
II.8 1Contributions
II.8 2Laudatory Letters
II.8 3Political Correspondence
II.8 4TV Speeches
II.8 5Television Time
II.8 6Campaign Workers 1958
II.8 71958 Convention
II.8 8Federal Aid to Education
II.8 9County Files - Bryan County
II.8 12County Files - Candler County
II.8 13County Files - Chatham County
II.8 14County Files - Effingham County
II.8 15County Files - Emanuel County
II.8 16County Files - Evans County
II.8 17County Files - Jenkins County
II.8 18County Files - Liberty County
II.8 19County Files - Long County
II.8 20County Files - McIntosh County
II.8 21County Files - Montgomery County
BoxFolder
II.9 1County Files - Screven County
II.9 2County Files - Tatnall County
II.9 3County Files - Treulten County
II.9 4County Files - Toombs County
II.9 5County Files - Wheeler County
II.9 6Democratic National Committee List
II.9 7Hagan, Elliot G.
II.9 8Press, Radio, and TV Release
II.9 9Returns - Primary and General Election, 1958
II.9 10Speech
II.9 11Speech Material
II.9 12Voting Precincts - 17 Counties



H. 1960 Campaign

Scope and Contents note: Preston lost his 1960 bid for re-election to Democrat G. Elliot Hagan - although he won the popular vote by 34,300 to 33,613, Preston lost the county unit vote 26 to 18. Included in this subseries are correspondence, county files, press files, speeches, financial records, and materials from the 1960-1961 Democratic Executive Committee.
BoxFolder
II.10 1Campaign [Documents and Correspondence]
II.10 2Advertising Services
II.10 3Campaign Aids
II.10 4, 5 Condolence Letters
II.10 6Contributions
II.10 7Contributions - Savannah
II.10 8Campaign Expenses
II.10 9G. Elliot Hagan
BoxFolder
II.11 1, 2, 3 Campaign - Labor
II.11 4Campaign Literature - ads, letters, stickers, cards
II.11 5Primary Returns
II.11 6Campaign Speeches
BoxFolder
II.12 1, 2 Television Speeches
II.12 3Speech # 2, [August 23, 1960]
II.12 4Campaign Workers, 1960
II.12 5County Files - Bryan County
II.12 6County Files - Bulloch County
II.12 7County Files - Burke County
II.12 8County Files - Chatham County
II.12 9County Files - Effingham County
II.12 10County Files - Emanuel County
II.12 11County Files - Evans County
II.12 12County Files - Jenkins County
II.12 13County Files - Liberty County
II.12 14County Files - McIntosh County
II.12 15County Files - Montgomery County
II.12 16County Files - Screven County
II.12 17County Files - Tatnall County
BoxFolder
II.13 1County Files - Toombs County
II.13 2County Files - Treulten County
II.13 3County Files - Wheeler County
II.13 4Duplicate Newspaper Clippings
II.13 5First District Democratic Executive Committee
II.13 6Miscellaneous
II.13 7Political Correspondence
 

III. Personal

Extent: 5.0 boxes
Extent: (2.25 linear feet)



A. Correspondence

Scope and Contents note: These files include letters of thank, congratulations, and condolence. Although there are two different types of filing methods in this subseries - first a reverse chronological organization of correspondence by year, then an alphabetical filing - they contain the same type of correspondence and cover the same dates, 1948-1961.
BoxFolder
III.1 1Personal Correspondence, 1961
III.1 2Personal Correspondence, 1959-1960
III.1 3Personal Correspondence, 1959-1960
III.1 4Personal Correspondence, 1959
Box
Mapcase"Lake Lanier Big Creek Area Site Plan" blueprint and "Proposed Site Development for the University Yacht Club" bluprint [removed from Personal Correspondence 1959]
BoxFolder
III.1 5Personal Correspondence, 1958
III.1 6-7 Personal Correspondence, 1957
III.1 8Personal Correspondence, 1956
III.1 9Personal Correspondence, 1955
III.1 10Personal Correspondence, 1950-1955
BoxFolder
III.2 1Personal Correspondence, 1953-1954
III.2 2Personal Correspondence, 1948
III.2 3Personal Correspondence "A"
III.2 4Personal Correspondence "B"
III.2 5Personal Correspondence "C"
III.2 6Personal Correspondence "D"
III.2 7Personal Correspondence "F"
III.2 8Personal Correspondence "G"
III.2 9Personal Correspondence "H"
III.2 10Personal Correspondence "K"
III.2 11Personal Correspondence "L"
III.2 12Personal Correspondence "M"
III.2 13Personal Correspondence "Mc"
III.2 14Personal Correspondence "O"
III.2 15Personal Correspondence "P"
III.2 16Personal Correspondence "P"
III.2 17Personal Correspondence "R"
III.2 18Personal Correspondence "S"
III.2 19Personal Correspondence "T"
III.2 20Personal Correspondence "V"
III.2 21Personal Correspondence "W"



B. Subject Files

Scope and Contents note: These files contain more personal correspondence and materials that represent Preston's life outside of office and are organized alphabetically by subject. Included are records concerning Preston's World War II service and letter of condolence and tributes upon his death in February 1961.
BoxFolder
III.2 22Anne's Wedding
III.2 23-24 Biographical Material
III.2 25Civil Service Retirement Papers
BoxFolder
III.3 1Civil War
III.3 2Donations
III.3 3-5 Drakie Plantation
Box
MapcaseDrakies Plantation elevation map, Map of Drakies Plantation, Master plan for Subdivision of Drakie Plantation [removed from Drakie Plantation folder]
BoxFolder
III.3 6Pure Oil Company
III.3 7Preston's Retirement File
III.3 8Special Papers
III.3 9Letters - last illness
BoxFolder
III.4 1Letters - last illness
III.4 2-3 Letters - post mortem
III.4 4Preston - Lane Family
III.4 5"Research of Our Two Grandfathers in Civil War"
Box
MapcaseRecords of Grandfather James Obadiah Lane
BoxFolder
III.4 6Certificates, etc - Prince Preston
III.4 7Resolutions on the death of Prince Preston
III.4 8Tributes
III.4 9World War II records of Prince Preston
III.4 10-11 World War II records of Prince Preston - 201 File
III.4 12World War II records of Prince Preston - AAF/ET Reinforcement Depot
BoxFolder
III.5 1World War II records of Prince Preston - 201 File
III.5 2World War II records of Prince Preston - Military File
III.5 3Congressional Record, February 9, 1961
 

IV. Related Materials

Scope and Content: Related Materials are items that by physical form are not retained as part of the papers in the collection, but by content are related to the intellectual content of the papers. Any nontextual materials originally filed with papers were removed for preservation purposes and improved access. These materials include photographs, audio/visual materials, memorabilia and scrapbooks; physical form determines arrangement and storage.



A. Photographs

Extent: 14.0 photographs
Scope and Contents note: This subseries contains photographs relating to Preston's 1956 campaign for Congress and his work on the House Patronage Committee, Public Roads, Post Office, and development of Savannah Harbor.
BoxFolder
IV.1 PP-PF-01Homes in Nathaniel Greene Villa; (see xeroxes of original position/captions; 2 photos per page) removal sheet enclosed; Savannah, GA.
Extent: 12[3 1/2" x 5 3/4"]
IV.1 PP-PF-02Photo of Preston and Hagan Campaign Posters in storefront window; photo of corner window of a buick establishment; on back in pencil, "Jenkins Co. Campaign" removal sheet enclosed.
Extent: 7"x 5"
IV.1 PP-PF-03House Folding Room; on back in red pencil, "Gus" remvoal sheet enclosed.
Extent: 8"x 10"
IV.1 PP-PF-04Gas stations along Highway 25: "Chance and Jenkins" gas station near Munnerlyn on Highway 25; On back in blue ink "Chance and Jenkings near Munnerlyn on Highway # 25-" in pencil "Munnerlyn" removal sheet enclosed.
Extent: 8"x 10"
IV.1 PP-PF-04: gas station 8 miles south of Waynesboro on Highway 25; on back in blue ink "8 mi South of Waynesboro on Highway 25" same removal sheet as above.
Extent: 8"x 10"
IV.1 PP-PF-05Juliette Low Photographs: photograph of Juliette Low (Founder of Girl Scouts) Shortly after her marriage;on back in pencil "A portrait of Juliette Low painted shortly after her marriage." "photo by Folty Studios, Savannah." removal sheet enclosed.
Extent: 8"x 10" and 7" x 8.5"
IV.1 PP-PF-05: photograph of Low later in life; on back in pencil "Folty Studios, Savannah." printed on back, "JULIETTE LOW FOUNDER OF THE GIRL SCOUTS." same removal sheet as above.
Extent: 8"x 10"
IV.1 PP-PF-06Walter F. George, Robert A. Taft, and John Foster Dulles Postal Stamps; 3 velox photo shots of Walter F. George, Robert A. Taft, and John Foster Dulles, on postal stamps; letter describing sell of stamps broken into 3 sheets enclosed; removal sheet enclosed.
Extent: 3[3"x 4"]



B. Artifacts

Scope and Contents note: These materials include a teleprompter script from a televised campaign speech as well as a sample box of campaign advertising paraphernalia from an advertising agency.
BoxFolder
IV.2 PP-ART-01The Political Who's Zoo? Box with informational booklet about campaign memorabilia including emory boards, sewing kit, thimble, and campaign cards
IV.2 PP-ART-02Grady for Sheriff bumper sticker
IV.2 PP-ART-03Speech roll



C. Audiovisual Materials (see separate finding aid)

Extent: 6 16mm film reels, 10 audiotapes
Scope and Contents note: The audiovisual materials in the Prince H. Preston, Jr. Papers, 1946-1961 consist of six 16mm films created and/or received in the course of his duties as congressman as well as ten audiotapes of radio commercials for Preston's campaigns for Congress, including for his unsuccessful campaign for re-election in 1960. Many materials in this subseries are unidentified and will need further preservation treatment in order to ensure the information they contain will endure before they may be opened for research. One film of interest that is available, however, is a previously classified film from the U.S. Energy Department, "Operation Ivy." Originally made for an exclusive audience of military and civilian officials with top-secret clearances, this film documents the November 1, 1952 testing of the Mike device -- the first thermonuclear or hydrogen bomb ever detonated -- on the island of Elugelab at Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands. The Mike device was the first in a series of two detonations in the Enewetak Atoll that were collectively called Operation Ivy. The latter Ivy test (not included in this film) was a high yield fission weapon named King which was tested as a backup to ease any sense of national vulnerability had the Mike device unsuccessfully detonated.



D. Scrapbooks

Extent: 7.0 volumes
Scope and Contents note: The scrapbooks consist of clippings from newspapers and magazines and document Preston's 1956 and 1958 campaigns through advertisements and election coverage as well as Preston's legislative activities during those years, including his efforts to keep Hunter Air Force Base open.
Box
IV.3Scrapbook vol. 1
Box
IV.4Scrapbook vol. 2
Box
IV.3Scrapbook vol. 3
IV.3Scrapbook vol. 4
Box
IV.5Scrapbook vol. 5
IV.5Scrapbook vol. 6
Box
IV.4Scrapbook vol. 7