Martin J. Hillenbrand Oral History CollectionMartin J. Hillenbrand Oral History Collection

Martin J. Hillenbrand Oral History Collection

Descriptive Summary

Title: Martin J. Hillenbrand Oral History Collection
Creator Hillenbrand, Martin Joseph, 1915-2005.
Dates 2004
Extent 49.0 items
Repository Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
AbstractCollection consists of 18 interviews conducted by John Stark, Gary Bertsch, and Mary McKay with Dr. Martin J. Hillenbrand, for Stark's internship with the Center for International Trade and Security (CITS) in 2004. The Russell Library hired Stark, in May 2004, to transcribe the interviews, and he continued to conduct interviews with Dr. Hillenbrand through July of that year. The last interview Stark did with Hillenbrand was video recorded, with Gary Bertsch acting as co-interviewer. In September 2004 Mary McKay of the Russell Library interviewed Dr. Hillenbrand regarding his collection of photographs. Topics include the Berlin Crisis, European Union and its future, Hillenbrand's experience in Burma and India, origins of the Center for East-West Trade Policy (currently the CITS), meeting and marrying his wife, Hillenbrand's monograph Power and Morals, and international economics post-World War II.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Martin J. Hillenbrand Oral History Collection, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Georgia, 30602-1641.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Though the collection is open for research, reference copies of the audiovisual recordings are available upon request. Research requests will be filled as soon as possible and will be dependent upon the condition of the recordings.

Copyright Information

It is the particular responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission to reproduce material for publication. Persons wishing to reproduce materials in the Russell Library collections should consult the Director. Reproduction or quotation of any item must contain a complete citation to the original.


Biographical Note

John Stark:

At the time of these interviews, John Stark was a senior at the University of Georgia, majoring in German. He studied abroad in Germany, living in Rostock, Munich, and the northern Bavarian city of Erlangen. He graduated in 2004, after he completed his internship with the Center for International Trade and Security.

Gary Bertsch:

Co-founder and Director of the Center for International Trade and Security, Dr. Bertsch is the University Professor of Public and International Affairs at the University of Georgia.

Dr. Martin J. Hillenbrand:

Martin Joseph Hillenbrand was born, August 1, 1915, in Youngstown, Ohio, and grew up in Chicago, Illinois. He graduated from the University of Dayton with a Bachelor of Arts in 1937. He received a Doctorate in Philosophy in 1948 from Columbia University and completed postgraduate work at Harvard in 1950. He received honorary degrees from both the University of Dayton and the University of Maryland.

Ambassador Hillenbrand served thirty-five years as a professional United States Foreign Service Officer, including service in Burma, India, Mozambique, Hungary, France, and Germany. He entered the Foreign Service in 1939 as vice consul in Zurich and also served in Rangoon, Burma. Hillenbrand worked in Bremen, Washington and Paris, rising to Embassy First Secretary in 1952. In 1956, Hillenbrand served as an American political adviser in Berlin. Later he was appointed as the first U.S. Ambassador to Hungary (1967-1969) and Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs (1969-1972). Hillenbrand concluded his diplomatic career serving as Ambassador to the Federal Republic of Germany from 1972 until his retirement in 1976.

After retiring from diplomatic service, Hillenbrand worked from 1977 to 1982 as the Director General of the Atlantic Institute for International Affairs in Paris. In September 1982, he became the first Dean Rusk Professor of International Relations at The University of Georgia. He also served as the Director of the Center for Global Policy Studies and Co-Director of the Center for East-West Trade Policy (Center for International Trade and Security) at the University. In 1983, Hillenbrand received a Director General's Cup, an award which recognizes retired Foreign Service officers for distinction in service and continued interest in foreign affairs. Upon his retirement from The University of Georgia in 1997, Hillenbrand completed his memoirs, Fragments of Our Time: Memoirs of a Diplomat. He authored, co-authored and edited four books and more than twenty-five book chapters and articles including: Power and Morals (1949); Zwischen Politik und Ethik (1968); The Future of Berlin (1980); Global Insecurity: A Strategy for Energy and Economic Renewal (1982); Germany In An Era of Transition (1984). In 1997, the Robert Bosch Foundation created the Martin J. Hillenbrand Fellowship at The University of Georgia's Department of Political Science.

Hillenbrand was married to Faith Stuart (1917-2004). The couple had three children David, John and Ruth. The Hillenbrands resided in Athens, Georgia until Martin Hillenbrand's death on February 2, 2005, at the age of 89.


Scope and Content

Collection consists of 18 interviews conducted by John Stark, Gary Bertsch, and Mary McKay with Dr. Martin J. Hillenbrand, for Stark's internship with the Center for International Trade and Security (CITS) in 2004. The Russell Library hired Stark, in May 2004, to transcribe the interviews, and he continued to conduct interviews with Dr. Hillenbrand through July of that year. The last interview Stark did with Hillenbrand was video recorded, with Gary Bertsch acting as co-interviewer. In September 2004 Mary McKay of the Russell Library interviewed Dr. Hillenbrand regarding his collection of photographs. Topics include the Berlin Crisis, European Union and its future, Hillenbrand's experience in Burma and India, origins of the Center for East-West Trade Policy (currently the CITS), meeting and marrying his wife, Hillenbrand's monograph Power and Morals, and international economics post-World War II.


Organization and Arrangement

Martin J. Hillenbrand Oral History Collection is arranged by interview.


Related Collections in this Repository

Martin J. Hillenbrand Papers

William Tapley Bennett, Jr. Papers

Dean Rusk Research Collection

Dean Rusk Oral History Project

Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection


Access Points

Ambassadors--United States--20th Century.
Berlin Wall, Berlin, Germany, 1961-1989.
Burma.
Cold War--Diplomatic history.
Diplomatic and consular service, American--Germany.
European Union.
Hillenbrand, Martin Joseph, 1915-2005.
Oral histories.
United States--Dept. of State.
United States--Foreign relations--20th century.
United States--Foreign relations--Germany.

Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 

Oral Histories, 2004

18.0 interviews
Collection consists of 18 interviews conducted by John Stark, Gary Bertsch, and Mary McKay with Dr. Martin J. Hillenbrand, for Stark's internship with the Center for International Trade and Security (CITS) in 2004. The Russell Library hired Stark, in May 2004, to transcribe the interviews, and he continued to conduct interviews with Dr. Hillenbrand through July of that year. The last interview Stark did with Hillenbrand was video recorded, with Gary Bertsch acting as co-interviewer. In September 2004 Mary McKay of the Russell Library interviewed Dr. Hillenbrand regarding his collection of photographs. Topics include the Berlin Crisis, European Union and its future, Hillenbrand's experience in Burma and India, origins of the Center for East-West Trade Policy (currently the CITS), meeting and marrying his wife, Hillenbrand's monograph Power and Morals, and international economics post-World War II.



OH MJH 01, 2004 March 9

60 minutes; Transcript, 22 pp.
Sound recording. European Union.
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
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OH MJH 02, 2004 March 18

60 minutes; Transcript, 21 pp.
Sound recording. Berlin Crisis; Berlin Wall--differing attitudes
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
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OH MJH 03, 2004 March 18

60 minutes; Transcript, 22 pp. 60 minutes; Transcript, 22 pp.
Sound recording. Origins of the East/West Center for Trade; Wagner opera; Marshall Plan
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
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CS 0111OH MJH 03Original
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OH MJH 04, 2004 March 23

60 minutes; Transcript, 20 pp.
Sound recording. Imperial Russia, failed League of Nations; European Union Expansion (part 1)
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
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CS 0111OH MJH 04Original
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OH MJH 05, 2004 March 23, 30

60 minutes; Transcript, 20 pp.
Sound recording. European Union Expansion (part 2)
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
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OH MJH 06, 2004 April 6, 17

60 minutes; Transcript, 19 pp.
Sound recording. April 6: Morals; background on Power and Morals April 17: (Tape 2) Morality in the modern world. Dr. H's experience with morality and power as a diplomat: Burma stay, running amuck, non-violence practitioners in India
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
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CS 0112OH MJH 06Original
OH MJH CS 0012Master copy



OH MJH 07, 2004 April 13, 17

60 minutes; Transcript, 19 pp.
Sound recording. Tape 1 of 2: Dr. Hillenbrand's childhood
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
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CS 0112OH MJH 07Original
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OH MJH 08, 2004 April 13, 17

60 minutes; Transcript, 24 pp.
Sound recording. April 13: Tape 2 of 2: Dr. Hillenbrand's childhood April 17: (Tape 1) Dr. Hillenbrand's childhood
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
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CS 0112OH MJH 08Original
OH MJH CS 0015Master copy



OH MJH 09, 2004 May 4

60 minutes; Transcript, 11 pp.
Sound recording. Dr. Hillenbrand's experience in Burma; the courtship of his wife, Faith
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
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CS 0112OH MJH 09Original
OH MJH CS 0016Master copy



OH MJH 10, 2004 May 4, 18

60 minutes; Transcript, 18 pp.
Sound recording. Side A: May 4, 2004. Wedding in Rangoon, 1941; Faith's odyssey to reunite with Dr. H. in Mozambique Side B: May 18, 2004. Courtship of Faith, discussions between Faith and Dr. H. re her evacuation from Rangoon
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
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CS 0112OH MJH 10Original
OH MJH CS 0017Master copy



OH MJH 11, 2004 May 18

60 minutes; Transcript, 23 pp.
Sound recording. Side A: Escape from Rangoon; living in Calcutta; maintaining liaison to the Burmese government while in exile Side B: Ph.D. research in India (non-violence philosophy); stay in Calcutta/Bombay; Indian desk assignment in D.C.
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
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CS 0112OH MJH 11Original
OH MJH CS 0018Master copy



OH MJH 12, 2004 May 18, 25

60 minutes; Transcript, 22 pp.
Sound recording. Side A: Return to U.S. after service in Asia; Indian desk assignment in D.C. Side B: Work in Mozambique, 1940s?
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
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CS 0112OH MJH 12Original
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OH MJH 13, 2004 June 1

60 minutes; Transcript, 27 pp.
Sound recording. Path to Economic War: Side A: post WWII background of upcoming economic war, plans for Germany, competing interests among occupying powers, international law Side B: dynamics of Soviet leadership, relations between US and USSR, classical musicians, post-WWII policy formation
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
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CS 0112OH MJH 13Original
OH MJH CS 0020Master copy



OH MJH 14, 2004 June 1, 8

60 minutes; Transcript, 22 pp.
Sound recording. Trade war between U.S. and European Union
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
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CS 0112OH MJH 14Original
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OH MJH 15, 2004 June 24, July 28

60 minutes; Transcript, 31 pp.
Sound recording. Side A (June 24): Impending Economic War between U.S. and Europe Side B (July 28): Switzerland (Zurich) post
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
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CS 0112OH MJH 15Original
OH MJH CS 0022Master copy



OH MJH 16, 2004 July 29

130 minutes; Transcript, 50 pp.
Moving image.
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
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UC 0130OH MJH 16 [User Copy 0130], 2004 July 29
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UC 0131OH MJH 16 [User Copy 0131], 2004 July 29
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UC 0248A Conversation with Martin J. Hillenbrand: A Diplomat's Perspective on Foreign Affairs, Past, Present, and Future, 2004 July 29



Hillenbrand Photograph Oral History, 2004 September 1

60 minutes; Transcript, 22 pp.
Sound recording.
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
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CS 0112OH MJH CS 0001Original
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OH MJH CS 0004Master copy
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Hillenbrand Photograph Oral History, 2004 September 15

60 minutes; Transcript, 19 pp.
Sound recording.
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
Boxitem
CS 0112OH MJH CS 0003Original
OH MJH CS 0006Master copy