John Leonard Pilcher Papers, Series IX: ScrapbooksJohn Leonard Pilcher Papers, Series IX: Scrapbooks

John Leonard Pilcher Papers, Series IX: Scrapbooks

Descriptive Summary

Title: John Leonard Pilcher Papers, Series IX: Scrapbooks
Creator: Pilcher, John Leonard, 1898-1981.
Dates: 1941, 1953-1964, 1970, 1973-1976
Extent: 3.0 boxes
Collection Number: RBRL/131/JLP
Repository: Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
Abstract: The scrapbooks consist primarily of newspaper clippings that chronicle Pilcher's state senate and congressional careers. The news clippings contain information about Pilcher's speeches, public appearances, campaigns, platform, and appointments to military academies. The scrapbooks also contain speeches, letters, certificates and photographs.

Collection Description

Biographical Note

John Leonard Pilcher was born in a two-room log cabin near Meigs, Georgia on August 27, 1898. Although Pilcher's father died when he was five, and Pilcher had to support his mother and two young sisters, he completed seven grades of public school and graduated from Massey Business College. In 1922, he married Dorothy Covington of Moultrie, Georgia. They had two sons: John Leonard, Jr., who in 1946, at the age of seventeen, was killed in a plane crash while serving as an ROTC air cadet at the University of Georgia; and Charles, who handled the family business while his father was in Washington.

Pilcher started working at the age of fifteen, and by the time he was twenty he was operating a small business. Involved in agricultural pursuits most of his life, Pilcher not only owned a farm, but expanded his holdings to include a general mercantile business, a fertilizer manufacturing plant, feed mill, corn elevator, cotton gins and warehouses, and a syrup canning plant. He was involved in many business organizations, such as the National Cotton Council and the Georgia Chamber of Commerce, and served as the director of the Thomas County PEA (production and marketing). He also became president of the Bank of Meigs, Georgia.

At the age of twenty--one, Pilcher was elected mayor of Meigs. During the years 1921 through 1940, he also served as a councilman and a public school trustee. In 1940, he was elected to represent the Seventh District in the Georgia State Senate. After his term expired in 1943, he returned to Meigs and was elected to the post of county commissioner of roads and revenue for Thomas County, a position he held from 1943 to 1947. During this same period he also served as a member of the Agricultural and Industrial Board for the county (1944-1948). From 1948 to 1949, Pilcher was the Supervisor of Purchases for the state of Georgia, serving under Governors Thompson and Arnall. In 1953, Edward Eugene Cox, the congressman representing the Second District, died and a special election was held to fill his seat. In spite of a large field of candidates and his late entrance into the race for the position, Pilcher won the seat in a hardworking campaign by a 2,000 vote margin over his nearest competitor.

Pilcher was a member of Congress from February 4, 1953 to January 3, 1965. He started on the House Committee on Government Operations, serving on the committee from 1953 to 1954. After an attempt to gain a seat on the House Agriculture Committee failed, he accepted a seat on the House Foreign Affairs Committee where he served from 1955 to 1964. He was a member of the Subcommittee on the Far East and the Pacific and became chairman of the Subcommittee on Foreign Economic Policy. Twice, in 1959 and 1961, Pilcher went abroad with other members of the subcommittee on Special Study Missions to oversee U.S. economic and technical assistance programs.

Pilcher did not run for reelection in 1964. Instead, he retired from his congressional career and took the post of Southeastern Regional Director of the Office of Emergency Planning. Pilcher died on August 20, 1981, at the age of 82.

Scope and Content

The scrapbooks consist primarily of newspaper clippings that chronicle Pilcher's state senate and congressional careers. The news clippings contain information about Pilcher's speeches, public appearances, campaigns, platform, and appointments to military academies. The scrapbooks also contain speeches, letters, certificates and photographs.

Organization and Arrangement

The scrapbooks are arranged in chronological order.


Administrative Information and Restrictions

Access Restrictions

VII. Academies and VIII. Case Files are closed. Restricted files have been removed from II. Meigs Office, III. Miscellaneous File, and VI. Post Office and are housed separately from the rest of the collection.

Preferred Citation

John Leonard Pilcher Papers, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Georgia 30602-1641

Processing Notes

Scrapbooks, photographs, and artifacts were physically separated from the papers for preservation. Photographs were removed from scrapbooks wherever possible and replaced with Xerox copies.

User Restrictions

Library acts as “fair use” reproduction agent.

Copyright Information

Before material from collections at the Richard B. Russell Library may be quoted in print, or otherwise reproduced, in whole or in part, in any publication, permission must be obtained from (1) the owner of the physical property, and (2) the holder of the copyright. It is the particular responsibility of the researcher to obtain both sets of permissions. Persons wishing to quote from materials in the Russell Library collection should consult the Director. Reproduction of any item must contain a complete citation to the original.

Finding Aid Publication

Finding aid prepared by Processed by:, September 2008.


Related Materials

Access Points

Agricultural laws and legislation--United States.
Arnall, Ellis Gibbs, 1907-1992
Civil rights--United States.
Congressional records.
Democratic Party (U.S.)
George, Walter F., (Walter Franklin), 1878-1957
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973
Legislators--United States.
Photographs.
Presidents--United States--Election--1960.
Press releases.
Sanders, Carl Edward, 1925-
Small business--Law and legislation--United States.
United States--Foreign relations--Law and legislation.
United States. Congress--Elections, 1953.
United States. Congress. House.
Vandiver, S. Ernest (Samuel Ernest), 1918-2005.

Related Collections in this Repository

Iris F. Blitch Papers

S. Ernest Vandiver, Jr. Papers

Carl E. Sanders Papers

Herman E. Talmadge Collection

August H. Turnbull Collection of Carl Sanders Speech/Press Files

E. L. (Tic) Forrester Papers

Stephen Pace Post Office Files

Richard B. Russell, Jr. Papers

Democratic Party of Georgia Records

Related Collections in Other Repositories

Georgia Government Documentation Project, Series F: Marvin Griffin oral history collection. Special Collection Department, William Russell Pullen Library, Georgia State University

Stellanova Osborn papers, 1916-1992. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

Griffin Bell Papers, Mercer University


Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 

IX. Scrapbooks

Extent: 6.0 scrapbooks
Scope and Content: The scrapbooks consist primarily of newspaper clippings that chronicle Pilcher's state senate and congressional careers. The news clippings contain information about Pilcher's speeches, ppublic appearances, campaigns, platform, and appointments to military academies. The scrapbooks also contain speeches, letters, certificates and photographs. The photographs have been removed for preservation wherever possible and Xerox copies put in their place.
Box
1Volume 1, 1941, 1953-1955
1Volume 2, 1956-1958
Box
2Volume 3, 1959
2Volume 4, 1960, 1970
Box
3Volume 5, 1960-1962
3Volume 6, 1961-1964