Herman E. Talmadge Collection, Subgroup C, Series X: Mailing ListsHerman E. Talmadge Collection, Subgroup C, Series X: Mailing Lists

Herman E. Talmadge Collection, Subgroup C, Series X: Mailing Lists

Descriptive Summary

Title: Herman E. Talmadge Collection, Subgroup C, Series X: Mailing Lists
Creator: Talmadge, Herman E. (Herman Eugene), 1913-2002.
Dates: 1974-1978
Extent: 12.0 boxes
Collection Number: RBRL/102/HET
Repository: Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
Abstract: Herman E. Talmadge Collection, Subgroup C, Series X: Mailing Lists consists mainly of mailing lists for Talmadge's newsletter from 1974 and 1976. The list from 1974 is divided into 35 volumes and specified by name and number below. The boxed material contains reference guides and computer instructions for compiling the mailing lists. Some correspondence associated with the mailings is also included.

Collection Description

Biographical Note

It was once said if you were not a Talmadge man you were a communist. The Talmadge dynasty began in 1926 when Eugene Talmadge, Herman's father, was first elected Commissioner of Agriculture. Gene would later be elected governor of Georgia to an unprecedented four terms. For over fifty years the Talmadges dominated Georgia politics until Herman was defeated in 1980.

Born on August 9, 1913, on a farm near McRae, Georgia, to Eugene and Mattie Talmadge, Herman attended public schools until his senior year when his family moved to Atlanta. In the fall of 1931, he entered the University of Georgia. By 1936, he had received his law degree and joined his father's law practice.

After serving in the United States Navy during World War II, Talmadge returned to his home in Lovejoy. While continuing to practice law and to farm, Talmadge took over publishing his father's weekly newspaper, The Statesman, and started a ham-curing business.

Talmadge's first involvement in politics was as his father's campaign manager in 1946. Running for an unprecedented fourth term as governor of Georgia, Eugene Talmadge was elected in November 1946, but was in failing health. As a precaution, a small group of Talmadge supporters started a write-in campaign for Herman Talmadge during the general election. When the elder Talmadge died in December 1946, before being sworn in as governor, the Georgia General Assembly elected his son governor by a vote of 161 to 87. But outgoing Governor Ellis Arnall refused to surrender his office unless it was to elected-Lieutenant Governor Melvin E. Thompson. After a period of uncertainty, the Georgia Supreme Court ruled that the constitutional portion under which the General Assembly had elected Herman Talmadge did not apply. The court declared M. E. Thompson acting governor until a special election could be held. In September 1948, Talmadge was elected governor and re-elected in 1950, serving until January 1955.

As governor, Herman Talmadge concentrated on improving educational opportunities for children of all races by establishing youth centers, increasing construction of rural roads, and building additional hospitals and health care centers.

When Senator Walter George officially announced his decision not to run for United States Senate, Talmadge started campaigning to take his place. Once again he was opposed by M. E. Thompson, but defeated him in the Democratic primary. With no Republican opposition in the general election in November 1956, Talmadge was elected United States senator.

The civil rights movement of the 1950s ultimately effected equal rights legislation for African-Americans and eliminated segregated public facilities in the South. Although progress toward integrating public schools was achieved, a majority of whites in the South remained adamant in their resistance to desegregation.

As part of that majority, Talmadge had voiced his opposition as early as the 1948 Democratic Convention when President Harry Truman tried to add civil rights to the platform. And in response to the Supreme Court ruling in Brown vs. Board of Education, Talmadge authored a book in 1955 about the wisdom of segregated education entitled You and Segregation.

When Talmadge officially began his term as the junior senator from Georgia in January 1957, he immediately joined the other Southern Democrats in their fight against civil rights legislation. "I never read a civil rights bill that didn't destroy more constitutional rights that it purported to give any group."

In response to the crisis of integrating Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas, Talmadge proposed a constitutional amendment in 1959 that would have permitted the state and local governments to decide whether or not to keep their schools segregated. This proposal was the first acknowledgment from a southern senator that Brown vs. Board of Education was an established fact.

Having won a seat on the Agriculture Committee in 1957, Talmadge wielded his greatest influence on bills that affected American farmers and agriculture. By 1971, he had become chairman of the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry. Some of his major accomplishments in this area included guiding passage of a series of acts, which established price support programs for peanuts, cotton, wheat, and other commodities.

Talmadge probably achieved his greatest national prominence through his role on the Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities, which investigated the Watergate scandal and ultimately led to the resignation of the president and vice president of the United States, as well as the conviction of three cabinet members on felony charges. Talmadge thought that the Watergate investigation was one of the most important events in the history of the United States and demonstrated that a republican form of government has a way of correcting the conduct of public officials and alerting others not to make the same mistake.

At the same time he was gaining national recognition, Talmadge was besieged by a series of personal and political tragedies. In 1975, his son Robert drowned in a swimming accident at Lake Lanier; by the fall of 1977, Betty and Herman Talmadge had finalized their divorce; then, in 1978, Talmadge came to grips with a serious drinking problem. Following an alcohol treatment program at the naval hospital in Long Beach, California, he returned to Washington, ready to work, but met with scandal instead. Shortly after returning to the Capitol, Talmadge was accused of misappropriating office funds and campaign donations for his own personal use. The Senate Ethics Committee investigated the allegations and recommended that Talmadge be "denounced" for his reprehensible behavior and sentenced to reimburse the Senate for these controversial funds with interest.

Despite these problems, Talmadge sought his fifth term as senator in 1980, but was rejected by Georgia voters who chose to elect Mack Mattingly to replace him, the first Republican to hold the office since Reconstruction.

Serving twenty-four years in the United States Senate, Talmadge ranked fifth in seniority among Senate Democrats and seventh overall by the time he left office. Herman Talmadge passed away on March 21, 2002. He is survived by his one son, grandchildren, and wife Linda.

Scope and Content

consists mainly of mailing lists for Talmadge's newsletter from 1974 and 1976. The list from 1974 is divided into 35 volumes and specified by name and number below. The boxed material contains reference guides and computer instructions for compiling the mailing lists. Some correspondence associated with the mailings is also included.

Organization and Arrangement

The lists are arranged alphabetically.


Administrative Information and Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Case mail restricted.

Preferred Citation

Herman E. Talmadge Collection, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, The University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Georgia.

Processing Notes

Clippings have been copied onto bond paper for protection of content. Artifacts, photographs, books, and audiovisual materials have been separated for preservation purposes and inventoried.

User Restrictions

Library acts as "fair use" reproduction agent.

Copyright Information

Before material from collections at the Richard B. Russell Library may be quoted in print, or otherwise reproduced, in whole or in part, in any publication, permission must be obtained from (1) the owner of the physical property, and (2) the holder of the copyright. It is the particular responsibility of the researcher to obtain both sets of permissions. Persons wishing to quote from materials in the Russell Library collection should consult the Director. Reproduction of any item must contain a complete citation to the original.

Finding Aid Publication

Finding aid prepared by Russell staff, 2008.


Related Materials

Access Points

Legislators--United States.
United States. Congress. Senate.

Related Collections in this Repository

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John W. Davis Papers

E. L. Forrester Papers

Georgia State Democratic Executive Committee Papers

Roy V. Harris Papers

Mack F. Mattingly Papers

Erwin Mitchell Papers

Maston O'Neal Papers

John L. Pilcher Papers

Prince H. Preston Papers

Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection

Richard B. Russell Oral History interviews

T. Rogers Wade Collection of Herman E. Talmadge Materials

S. Ernest Vandiver Papers

Iris F. Blitch Papers

Hugh Peterson, Sr. Papers

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Related Collections in Other Repositories

Governor, Executive Department, Georgia Department of Archives and History

Richard H. Rich papers, Woodruff Special Collections, Emory University

William Berry Hartsfield papers, Woodruff Special Collections, Emory University

Georgia Governors roundtable oral history interview, 1985 Oct. 31, Georgia Government Documentation Project, William Russell Pullen Library, Georgia State University

Herman E. Talmadge oral history interview, 1976 June 1, Georgia Government Documentation Project, William Russell Pullen Library, Georgia State University

Georgia's Political Heritage Program oral history interviews, State University of West Georgia


Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 

Subgroup C: United States Senatorial Papers,



X. Mailing Lists

Extent: 12.0 boxes
Scope and Contents note: This series consists mainly of mailing lists for Talmadge's newsletter from 1974 and 1976. The list from 1974 is divided into 35 volumes and specified by name and number below. Boxes 1-2 contain reference guides and computer instructions for compiling the mailing lists. Some correspondence associated with the mailings is also included.
A. 1972-1978
BoxFolder
11[Mailing List Systems, User's Guide], August 9 1974
12[Format Instructions, Senate Computer], 1974
13[Mailing List Correspondence], 1972 and undated
14[Computer Coding Instructions], undated
15[Computer Coding of Pinks], 1974
16Administration: Computer Index System, undated
BoxFolder
21[U.S. Senate Mailing List & Addressing System Reference Manual], undated
22[Bookkeeping & Reporting Manual for Candidates & Political Committees], 1974, 1976
23Common Cause, [1977-78]
BoxFolder
311976 Mailing List, undated
B. 1974
Box
430001-30033 Ivey
430033 Jacks-30060 Corley
430060 Corley-30062 Crawley
430062 Crockett-30083 Netherland
Box
530083 Neville-30130 Day
530130 Day-30161 Jennings
530161 Jennings-30213 Wooddall
530213 Woods-30259 Combs
Box
630259 Connally-30305 Miner
630305 Miner-30312 Dyle
630312 Dye-30318 Crump
630318 Culpepper-30329 Morrow
Box
730329 Morse-30344 White
730344 White-30458 Lynch
730458 Lynn-30529 Davidson
730529 Davidson-30601 Hurley
Box
830601 Hurley-30673 Harrison
830673 Hawes-30747 Osby
830747 Oshby-30901 Williams
830901 Williams-30906 Kennedy
Box
930906 Kennedy-31024 Griffith
931024 Griffith-31080 Edwards
931080 Florence-31201 Vangarese
931201 Varnadoe-31206 Dennis
Box
1031206 Dennis-31401 Holland
1031401 Holley-31404 Wilson
1031404 Wilson-31406 Wynne
1031406 Welson-31539 Herrington
Box
1131539 Herrington-31632 Kelley
1131632 Kinard-31705 Sutton
1131705 Sutton-31730 Jackson
1131730 Jackson-31775 Keith
Box
1231775 Keith-31806 Thrasher
1231806 Tidd-31904 Selp
1231904 Selp-32002 Douglas