Descriptive Summary
Administrative Information
Restrictions
Biographical Note
Scope and Content
Related Material
Series Descriptions and Folder Listing
Series I. Ellis Arnall Interviews 1981-1988
OHARN01_1 Herman E. Talmadge 1981 April 2
OHARN01_2 Howard H. "Bo" Callaway 1981 May 8
OHARN02 S. Ernest Vandiver, Jr. 1981 May 23
OHARN03_1 Garland T. Byrd 1981 May 5
OHARN03_2 Lester G. Maddox 1981 May 5
OHARN04_1 Ellis G. Arnall 1981 May 6
OHARN04_2 James H. Gray, Sr. 1981 May 14
OHARN05 Ford Spinks 1981 April 24
OHARN06 Carl E. Sanders 1981 June 11
OHARN07 Ivan Allen, Jr. 1985 March 28
OHARN08 Ellis G. Arnall, Part 1 1985 July 19
OHARN09 Ellis G. Arnall, Part 2 1985 July 19
OHARN10 Ellis G. Arnall 1985 December 10
OHARN11 Ellis G. Arnall, Part 1 1986 February 21
OHARN12 Ellis G. Arnall, Part 2 1986 February 21
OHARN13 Ellis G. Arnall, Part 3 1986 February 21
OHARN14 Herman E. Talmadge 1986 March 24
OHARN15 Ellis G. Arnall 1987 March 26
OHARN16 Ellis G. Arnall 1987 June 19
OHARN17 Herman E. Talmadge, Part 1 1987 June 26
OHARN18 Herman E. Talmadge, Part 2 1987 June 26
OHARN19 Ellis G. Arnall 1988 March 28
OHARN20 Ellis G. Arnall 198? July 31
OHARN21 Herman E. Talmadge speech 1985 October
Series II. S. Ernest Vandiver Interviews 1986, 1993-1994
OHVAN01A Ernest Vandiver, Part 1 1986 June 25
OHVAN01B Ernest Vandiver, Part 2 1986 June 25
OHVAN01C Ernest Vandiver, Part 3 1986 June 25
OHVAN01D Ernest Vandiver, Part 4 1986 June 25
OHVAN02 Herman E. Talmadge 1993 August 26
OHVAN03 Carl E. Sanders 1993 September 2
OHVAN04A Ernest Vandiver 1993 September 2
OHVAN04B Ernest Vandiver, Part 1 1993 September 14
OHVAN04C Ernest Vandiver, Part 2 1993 September 14
OHVAN04D Ernest Vandiver, Part 3 1993 September 14
OHVAN04E Ernest Vandiver, Part 1 1993 September 15
OHVAN04F Ernest Vandiver, Part 2 1993 September 15
OHVAN04G Ernest Vandiver, Part 3 1993 September 15
OHVAN04H Ernest Vandiver, Part 4 1993 September 15
OHVAN05A Peter Zack Geer, Part 1 1993 November 3
OHVAN05B Peter Zack Geer, Part 2 1993 November 3
OHVAN06 Robert A. "Cheney" Griffin 1993 October 8
OHVAN07 Griffin Bell 1993 October 8
OHVAN08 Freeman Leverett 1993 December 3
OHVAN10 Henry G. Neal 1994 January 7
OHVAN09 Henry G. Neal 1993 November 26
OHVAN11 Garland Byrd 1993 December 6
OHVAN12 Homer Rankin 1994 January 13
OHVAN13A Betty Vandiver, Part 1 1994 January 22
OHVAN13B Betty Vandiver, Part 2 1994 January 22
OHVAN13C Betty Vandiver, Part 3 1994 January 22
OHVAN14 Jane Vandiver Kidd 1994 February 27
OHVAN15 Elizabeth Vandiver 1994 February 27
OHVAN16A Chip Vandiver, Part 1 1994 February 27
OHVAN16B Chip Vandiver, Part 2 1994 February 27
OHVAN17 James Dunlap 1994 March 18
OHVAN18 William Bowdoin 1994 March 22
OHVAN19 Douglas Embry 1994 March 16
OHVAN20 William Bonner 1994 March 19
OHVAN21A James Owen, Part 1 1994 March 16
OHVAN21B James Owen, Part 2 1994 March 16
OHVAN22 George T. Smith 1994 March 23
OHVAN23 George Busbee 1994 March 17
OHVAN24 Denean Stafford 1994 June 15
OHVAN25 Robert C. Norman 1994 June 9
OHVAN26A William L. Lanier, Part 1 1994 July 21
OHVAN26B William L. Lanier, Part 2 1994 July 21
OHVAN27 David C. Jones 1994 July 22
OHVAN28 Robert H. Hall 1994 July 28
OHVAN29 Glenn W. Ellard 1994 July 29
OHVAN30A William D. Ballard 1994 July 29
OHVAN30B William D. Ballard 1994 July 28
OHVAN31 Robert G. Stephens 1994 July 29
OHVAN32 Louise King Aiken 1994 September 15
Series III. Georgia Governors in An Age of Change: From Ellis Arnall to George Busbee 1985
Harold Paulk (Hal) Henderson, Sr. Oral History CollectionHarold Paulk (Hal) Henderson, Sr. Oral History Collection

Harold Paulk (Hal) Henderson, Sr. Oral History Collection

Descriptive Summary

Title: Harold Paulk (Hal) Henderson, Sr. Oral History Collection
Creator Henderson, Harold Paulk (Hal), Sr.
Dates 1981-1994
Extent 125.0 items
Repository Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
AbstractHal Henderson is a retired professor of political science from Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College (ABAC) in Tifton, Ga. His main research field is mid-twentieth century Georgia politics. The oral history interviews in this collection are the result of research Henderson conducted for two books, one on Ellis Arnall and the other on Ernest Vandiver. This collection also contains eight VHS recordings from a symposium on Georgia governors directed by Hal Henderson and Gary Roberts that was held at ABAC in 1985.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Harold Paulk (Hal) Henderson, Sr. Oral History Collection, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Georgia, 30602-1641.

Processing Information note

Original and transfer media formats for this collection include audiocassettes and VHS videocassettes.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Reference copies of the audiovisual recordings are available upon request and are dependent upon the condition of the recordings.

Copyright Information

Resources may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.


Biographical Note

Harold Paulk (Hal) Henderson, Sr.

Harold Paulk (Hal) Henderson, Sr., the collection's primary interviewer, is a retired professor of political science from Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College in Tifton, Georgia. His main research field is mid-twentieth century Georgia politics, and he has written two monographs in this area: The Politics of Change in Georgia: A Political Biography of Ellis Arnall (1991) and Ernest Vandiver, Governor of Georgia (2000). With Gary L. Roberts, he also co-edited Georgia Governors in an Age of Change: From Ellis Arnall to George Busbee (1988).

Ellis Gibbs Arnall

Ellis Gibbs Arnall was born to Bessie Lena Ellis and Joseph Gibbs Arnall in Newnan, Georgia, on March 20, 1907. He attended public schools in Newnan until college. Arnall attended Mercer University in Macon, Georgia, and transferred to the University of the South in Sewanee, Tennessee, where he majored in Greek. He graduated in 1928, enrolled at the University of Georgia Law School, and matriculated in 1931. While at UGA, Arnall was active in leading campus organizations, including his class, his legal fraternity, the student body, the Interfraternity Council, and the Gridiron Club. After law school, Arnall began to practice law in Newnan, Georgia.

Arnall began his political career in 1932, when he was elected to the Georgia House of Representatives to represent Coweta County. As a freshman legislator, he was elected to Speaker pro tempore , a position to which he was reelected in 1935. In 1937, Governor Eurith D. (E.D.) Rivers appointed him as assistant attorney general and in 1939, to attorney general. In 1939, Arnall was the youngest attorney general in the country at thirty-one years old. In 1940, he was elected attorney general.

In 1942, Arnall was elected governor, defeating Eugene Talmadge. He was the youngest governor in the country at that time. Arnall served from 1943 to 1947 with a progressive program that included reforming the prison system, repealing the poll tax, lowering the voting age, revising the state constitution (1945), establishing a teachers' retirement system, and paying off the state debt, as well as helping Georgia colleges regain accreditation. Arnall's reforms brought attention to the South, and his fight against discriminatory railroad freight rates helped boost the region's industrialization and economic prominence on the national scene.

In 1947, Arnall was involved in the “three-governor controversy” when governor-elect Eugene Talmadge died before he could take office. Arnall, Lieutenant Governor M.E. Thompson, and Talmadge's son, Herman, all laid claim to the office, which officially was given to Herman Talmadge by the Georgia legislature.

Unable to serve more than one successive term as governor by mandate of the state constitution, Arnall started a book lecture tour around the country after leaving office, marketing his books The Shore Dimly Seen (1946) and What the People Want (1948). He eventually returned to law practice and started the firm of Arnall, Golden, and Gregory, LLP, in Atlanta in 1949. In 1952, President Harry S. Truman appointed Arnall director of the Office of Price Stabilization, a position in which he served for six months. Arnall also became involved in the insurance business, serving as president of Dixie Life Insurance Company, chairman of the board of Coastal States Life Insurance, and vice chairman of the Sun Life Group of America.

Arnall re-entered Georgia politics in 1966 when he ran for governor. While he did not win the Democratic primary, which after a run-off between Arnall and Lester Maddox went to Maddox, supporters created a substantial write-in campaign for him.

Arnall served as the president of the Society of Independent Motion Picture Producers (1948-1963) and belonged to the Capital City Club, Piedmont Driving Club, and Central Baptist Church of Newnan. He was married to Mildred Slemons Arnall, who died in 1980, for forty-five years. They had two children, Alvan and Alice. In 1981, Arnall married Ruby Hamilton McCord. Ellis Arnall died on December 13, 1992.

Samuel Ernest Vandiver

Samuel Ernest Vandiver was born to Samuel Ernest and Vanna Bowers Vandiver in Canon, Franklin County, Georgia, on July 3, 1918. He attended Lavonia High School and Darlington School in Rome before attending and graduating from the University of Georgia with a Bachelor of Arts (A.B.) in history in 1940 and a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.) in 1942. While a student at the university, Vandiver was the president of numerous campus organizations, including Phi Delta Theta fraternity, Blue Key leadership fraternity, Phi Kappa Literary Society, and the Pan-Hellenic Council. He was also the president of his freshman law class, as well as a member of the Sphinx Honor Society, Omicron Delta Kappa, the Gridiron Society, the Pelican Club, and Phi Delta Phi legal fraternity.

After graduation, Vandiver enlisted as a pilot in the U.S. Army Air Force and received a second lieutenant commission in March 1944. Health complications prevented him from continuing service as a pilot, and he was reassigned as defense counsel for the Air Force in Arizona and later, as a legal advisor to individual airmen. By 1945 and the end of his military obligation, Vandiver left the Air Force at the rank of captain.

Upon return to Lavonia, Vandiver ran for city mayor and won the election unopposed in November 1945. In addition to his mayoral duties, in December 1946, Vandiver passed the Georgia Bar and joined Joseph D. Quillian's law firm in Winder, which then became Quillian and Vandiver in May 1947. On September 3, 1947, he married Sybil Elizabeth (Betty) Russell, niece of Senator Richard B. Russell.

In 1948, newly-elected Governor Herman Talmadge appointed Vandiver his adjutant general. Only thirty years old, Vandiver was the youngest adjutant general in the nation. In 1952, he took a leave of absence from his post as director of the Selective Service of Georgia to assist in Senator Richard B. Russell's 1952 presidential campaign. In 1954, Vandiver was elected lieutenant governor and served under Governor S. Marvin Griffin, Sr. from 1955 to 1959.

In the most remarkable gubernatorial election landslide in recent Georgia history, Vandiver won the Democratic primary on September 10, 1958. He carried 156 counties, 400 county unit votes, and 499,477 popular votes compared to his two opponents' (William Bodenhamer and Lee Roy Abernathy) total of 120,929 votes. Due to the functions of Georgia's county unit system, Vandiver's primary win meant that he had also won the gubernatorial seat. Vandiver was the last Georgia governor elected under this system, which was abolished in 1963 with the decision of Gray v. Sanders in the U.S. Supreme Court.

When Vandiver came to office in 1959, it was in the midst of a spending scandal throughout Georgia's state departments. He immediately ordered most of the state departments and agencies to reduce their expenditures by ten percent, implemented efficient business practices, and appointed competent directors to the most troubled departments. No further fiscal scandal plagued his administration.

Segregation, described by Vandiver as “the most over-riding internal problem ever to confront the people of Georgia in our lifetime,” was his next major challenge. Under his administration, the University of Georgia was integrated in 1961, ending 175 years of segregated education. In an effort to enforce the federal court order directing Atlanta to desegregate its public schools by September 1961, Vandiver oversaw the entrance of nine black students to formerly all-white high schools.

The Vandiver administration also oversaw the transfer of Georgia's neglected historical records to a new seventeen-story building constructed in Atlanta to house the archives. He also influenced the Georgia General Assembly to increase appropriations and federal assistance to the Milledgeville hospital for the mentally ill.

After his term as governor, Vandiver returned to practicing law in Atlanta, but eventually moved his business back to Lavonia. He again ran for governor in 1966, but was forced to withdraw from the race due to a heart attack. In 1971, he served under Governor Jimmy Carter as adjutant general. In 1972, he ran unsuccessfully for Georgia's senatorial seat left vacant at the death of Senator Russell. Vandiver received twenty percent of the vote in the fifteen-man senatorial race, but ultimately lost to Sam Nunn.

Vandiver has been active in civic and business endeavors in Lavonia and the state. In Lavonia, he has served as chairman of the board of directors of the Northeast Georgia Bank of Lavonia, president of the board of directors of the Lavonia Development Corporation, and deacon in the First Baptist Church. He has also served as president of the Georgia Seed Company and the Independent Bankers of Georgia from 1976 to 1977, as well as been a member of the “President's Club” of the University of Georgia.

Vandiver died on February 21, 2005. He is survived by his wife, Betty, and their three children: Samuel Ernest III (Chip), Vanna Elizabeth, and Jane Brevard.


Scope and Content

This collection consists of interviews conducted by Harold Paulk (Hal) Henderson, Sr., during his research that resulted in two monographs, The Politics of Change in Georgia: A Political Biography of Ellis Arnall (1991) and Ernest Vandiver, Governor of Georgia (2000).

Series I. Ellis G. Arnall contains nineteen interviews and a recording of a speech by Herman Talmadge. This series documents the 1966 Georgia gubernatorial election and the life of Georgia governor Ellis G. Arnall. Additional interviews with Herman E. Talmadge (Georgia governor 1948-1955 and U.S. Senator 1956-1981) record information about Talmadge, his father (Eugene) and family, and politics in Georgia.

Series II. S. Ernest Vandiver, Jr., contains thirty-one interviews conducted by Hal Henderson and one interview conducted by Mel Steeley and Ted Fitzsimmons of West Georgia College documenting the political and personal life of Georgia governor S. Ernest Vandiver, Jr.

Series III. Georga Governors in an Age of Change: From Ellis Arnall to George Busbee contains videorecordings of a symposium on Georgia governors that was held at Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College in 1985.


Related Collections in this Repository

S. Ernest Vandiver, Jr. Papers

Herman E. Talmadge Collection

Augustus Turnbull collection of Carl Sanders Speech/Press Files

Carl E. Sanders Papers

Richard B. Russell Library Oral History Documentary Collection: Conversation with Carl E. Sanders

Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection

Alvan S. Arnall Collection of Ellis G. Arnall Materials

Howard H. (Bo) Callaway Papers

Clifford Hodges Brewton Collection of Lester G. Maddox Speech/Press Research Files

Roy Vincent Harris Papers

John B. Morris Papers


Related Collections in Other Repositories

Ernest Vandiver, governor of Georgia by Harold P. Henderson (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2000)

The Politics of Change in Georgia: a political biography of Ellis Arnall by Harold P. Henderson (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1991)

Georgia governors in an age of change: from Ellis Arnall to George Busbee (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1988)


Access Points

Allen, Ivan, 1877-1968
Arnall, Ellis Gibbs, 1907-1992.
Callaway, Howard H. (Howard Hollis), 1927-
Carter, Jimmy, 1924-
Georgia--Politics and government--1865-1950.
Georgia--Politics and government--1951-
Georgia. General Assembly. Committee on Schools.
Georgia. Governor (1959-1963 : Vandiver)
Georgia. Office of the Governor.
Georgia. Office of the Lieutenant Governor.
Governors--Georgia.
Griffin, S. Marvin, 1907-1982.
Maddox, Lester G., 1915-2003.
Oral histories.
Russell, Richard B., (Richard Brevard), 1897-1971
Sanders, Carl Edward, 1925-
Talmadge, Herman E. (Herman Eugene), 1913-2002.
Vandiver, S. Ernest (Samuel Ernest), 1918-2005.

Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 

Series I. Ellis Arnall Interviews, 1981-1988

54.0 items
Series I. consists of interviews conducted by Harold Paulk (Hal) Henderson, Sr., during his research for The Politics of Change in Georgia: A Political Biography of Ellis Arnall (1991). The series contains nineteen interviews, some in several parts, and a recording of a speech by Herman Talmadge. Series I. documents the 1966 Georgia gubernatorial election and the life of Georgia governor Ellis G. Arnall, 1943-1947. Additional interviews with Herman E. Talmadge, Georgia governor, 1948-1955, and U.S. Senator, 1956-1981, record information about Talmadge, his father (Eugene) and family, and politics in Georgia.



OHARN01_1 Herman E. Talmadge, 1981 April 2

1.0 sound recording 23 minutes
Herman Talmadge served as governor of Georgia from 1947 to 1955 and as United States Senator from 1957 to 1981.
Herman E. Talmadge interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Georgia gubernatorial candidates in the 1966 election (including Ernest Vandiver), Talmadge's opinions on candidates in the Democratic Primary in 1966 (Jimmy Gray, Lester Maddox, Garland Byrd, Jimmy Carter, Ellis Arnall), his opinion of Republican candidate Bo Callaway, and his decision not to run in the 1966 Georgia gubernatorial race, and the Democratic Party in Georgia, circa 1965-1966.
OHARN01_01 Herman E. Talmadge Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN01_2 Howard H. "Bo" Callaway, 1981 May 8

1.0 sound recording 20 minutes
Howard H. "Bo" Callaway interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Callaway’s decision to change from the Democratic to Republican Party in 1964; his decision to run for governor in 1966, the political climate in Georgia (Democrats, Republicans) in the 1960s; possible candidates in 1966 gubernatorial race (including Ernest Vandiver and Herman Talmadge), Callaway's views on candidates in the 1966 Democratic Primary (Ellis Arnall, Jimmy Gray, Lester Maddox, Garland Byrd, and Jimmy Carter), Callaway's business experience (Callaway Gardens) prior to running for governor, running against Lester Maddox in 1966, Callaway's campaign for governor and campaign expenses, the congressional vote on the minimum wage bill during his campaign, and the write-in campaign for Arnall in the 1966 gubernatorial election.
Bo Callaway is a businessman and politician who has held several public offices including U.S. Congressman (1965-1967) and U.S. Secretary of the Army (1973-1975).
OHARN01_2 Howard H. "Bo" Callaway Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN02 S. Ernest Vandiver, Jr., 1981 May 23

1.0 sound recording 53 minutes
Samuel Ernest Vandiver, Jr., interviewed by Hal Henderson. Vandiver talks about the 1966 Georgia gubernatorial election, including his decision to run and his subsequent decision to withdraw from the race due to health reasons, his political philosophy, highlights of his governorship (from 1959-1963), Arnall’s campaign for Georgia governor in 1966 and its effect on Vandiver, Vandiver's supporters in 1966, his association with the Talmadges, Herman Talmadge’s possible run for governor in 1966, Vandiver's views of candidates in the 1966 Democratic Primary (Ellis Arnall, Jimmy Gray, Lester Maddox, Garland Byrd, and Jimmy Carter), and the write-in campaign for Arnall in the 1966 gubernatorial election, 1966.
Ernest Vandiver serves as governor of Georgia from 1959 to 1963.
OHARN02 S. Ernest Vandiver Jr. Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN03_1 Garland T. Byrd, 1981 May 5

1.0 sound recording 34 minutes
Garland T. Byrd interviewed by Hal Henderson. Byrd discusses the 1966 Georgia gubernatorial election, including his decision to run for governor, other possible candidates in the 1966 gubernatorial race (including Ernest Vandiver and Herman Talmadge), Byrd's opinions on candidates in the 1966 Democratic Primary (Ellis Arnall, Lester Maddox, Jimmy Gray, and Jimmy Carter), Byrd's assessment of his various political campaigns throughout the 1960s, Byrd's 1966 campaign platform for governor, his experience campaigning for governor and his campaign expenses, his thoughts on the 1966 election and its outcome, his thoughts on Republican candidate Bo Callaway, and the write-in campaign for Ellis Arnall in 1966.
Garland Byrd served as lieutenant governor of Georgia under Governor Ernest Vandiver (1959-1963).
OHARN03_1 Garland T. Byrd Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN03_2 Lester G. Maddox, 1981 May 5

1.0 sound recording 39 minutes
Lester G. Maddox interviewed by Hal Henderson. Maddox discusses the 1966 Georgia gubernatorial election, including his decision to run for governor, his opinions on politics and politicians in general, his views on candidates in the 1966 Democratic Primary (Ellis Arnall, Jimmy Gray, Lester Maddox, Garland Byrd, and Jimmy Carter), Maddox's views on potential gubernatorial candidates (including Ernest Vandiver and Herman Talmadge), Maddox's views on the 1966 gubernatorial race and its outcome, the write-in campaign for Arnall in the 1966 gubernatorial election, his opposition to Bo Callaway in 1966, Maddox's experiences campaigning for governor and his campaign expenses, and the role of the media.
Lester Maddox served as governor of Georgia from 1967 to 1971.
OHARN03_2 Lester G. Maddox Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN04_1 Ellis G. Arnall, 1981 May 6

1.0 sound recording 44 minutes
Ellis Arnall interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Arnall’s decision to run for governor in 1966, his views on the 1966 gubernatorial race, possible candidates in the 1966 gubernatorial race (Ernest Vandiver and Herman Talmadge), his views on candidates in the 1966 Democratic Primary (Jimmy Gray, Lester Maddox, Garland Byrd, and Jimmy Carter), Arnall's opinion of Republican candidate Bo Callaway, his support for Jimmy Carter in Carter's 1976 presidential race, Arnall's political philosophy and viewpoints, highlights of Arnall's previous governorship from 1943-1947, his relationship with Bo Callaway and with Ohio Governor James Cox, the write-in campaign for Arnall in the 1966 gubernatorial election, and political processes in Georgia (including the three governors controversy in 1946-47).
OHARN04_1 Ellis G. Arnall Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN04_2 James H. Gray, Sr., 1981 May 14

1.0 sound recording 26 minutes
James H. "Jimmy" Gray, Sr., interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Gray’s decision to run for governor in 1966, possible candidates in the 1966 gubernatorial race (including Ernest Vandiver and Herman Talmadge), Gray's views on candidates in the 1966 Democratic Primary (Lester Maddox, Ellis Arnall, Jimmy Carter, and Garland Byrd), Republican candidate Bo Callaway, Gray's thoughts on his loss in the 1966 primary, the write-in campaign for Arnall, Gray's experience campaigning for governor, his campaign expenses, campaign support, and the media’s influence on the 1966 election.
James Gray was editory and publisher of the Albany Herald from 1947 to 1986 and also served as the mayor of Albany (1973-1986).
OHARN04_2 James H. Gray, Sr. Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN05 Ford Spinks, 1981 April 24

1.0 sound recording 30 minutes
Ford Spinks interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Jimmy Carter’s decision to run in the 1966 Georgia gubernatorial election, Carter’s early supporters (including Spinks), Carter’s campaign expenses; Spinks’ evaluation of other candidates in the 1966 Democratic Primary (Ellis Arnall, Lester Maddox, Jimmy Gray, and Garland Byrd), Republican Party nominee, Bo Callaway, Jimmy Carter’s strengths as a gubernatorial candidate, dynamics of the 1966 election and alternative outcomes, Spinks' perspective on Senators Richard B. Russell, Jr.’s and Herman E. Talmadge’s support for Carter in 1966 election, the write-in campaign for Arnall in the 1966 gubernatorial election, and Spinks' thoughts on ultimate election of Lester Maddox as governor in 1966.
Ford Spinks served as a Georgia state senator from 1963-1972 and as Georgia Public Service Commissioner from 1971 to 1988.
OHARN05 Ford Spinks Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN06 Carl E. Sanders, 1981 June 11

1.0 sound recording 37 minutes
Carl E. Sanders served as governor of Georgia from 1963 to 1967.
Carl E. Sanders interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include the possiblity of Sanders serving an additional term as Georgia governor, possible candidates in the 1966 gubernatorial race (including Ernest Vandiver and Herman Talmadge), Sanders' views on candidates in the 1966 Democratic Primary *Ellis Arnall, Lester Maddox, Jimmy Gray, Garland Byrd, and Jimmy Carter), Republican candidate Bo Callaway, election code changes during Sanders' gubernatorial administration (1963-1967), his views on the outcome of the 1966 election, the write-in campaign for Arnall, Sanders' views on Georgia's political processes,and Maddox’s swearing in as governor in 1967.
OHARN06 Carl E. Sanders Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN07 Ivan Allen, Jr., 1985 March 28

1.0 sound recording 21 minutes
Ivan Allen, Jr., interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Ellis Arnall as governor (1943-1947), Arnall’s relationship with the Georgia legislature while governor, Arnall’s major accomplishments as governor, Arnall’s political philosophy, Allen’s thoughts on the 1966 gubernatorial election and Arnall’s participationm, Allen’s relationship with Ellis Arnall, the three governors controversy (1946-1947), and Allen’s relationship with M.E. Thompson.
Ivan Allen served as Governor Ellis Arnall’s executive secretary from 1945 to 1946 and later served as mayor of Atlanta from 1962 to 1970.
OHARN07 Ivan Allen, Jr.Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN08 Ellis G. Arnall, Part 1, 1985 July 19

1.0 sound recording 88 minutes
Ellis Arnall interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include the genesis of Henderson’s biography of Arnall and Arnall’s "destiny" to become governor.
Arnall also discusses the 1942 gubernatorial election (Arnall v. Eugene Talmadge), including campaign strategies, the Cocking affair in 1941, Arnall’s political philosophy versus Eugene Talmadge’s political philosophy, and Arnall’s relationship with Eugene Talmadge.
Arnall discusses major accomplishments of his administration (1943-1947), including industrialization of the South, voting franchise in Georgia, education in Georgia, and prison reform. He also talks about the state highway department, the integrity of his administration, the State of Georgia v. Hiram Evans, et al. (1942), Arnall's views on race issues during his administration, his opinion on sales tax, Ed Rivers’ political philosophy, Arnall's relationships and experiences with Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry Truman, and Jimmy Carter, and the 1946 gubernatorial election.
OHARN08 Ellis G. Arnall, Part 1 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN09 Ellis G. Arnall, Part 2, 1985 July 19

1.0 sound recording 11 minutes
Ellis Arnall interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include the Dick Gallogy case and Ed Rivers (1939), Ed Rivers and the election of 1946, and the Arnall administration’s contributions to Georgia history.
OHARN09 Ellis G. Arnall, Part 2 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN10 Ellis G. Arnall, 1985 December 10

1.0 sound recording 40 minutes
Ellis Arnall interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include M.E. Thompson, Jimmy Carmichael and the election of 1946, Arnall’s relationship with Thompson, the three governors controversy (1946-1947), Arnall's decision to run for governor in 1966; Roy Harris and the white primary issue, Lester Maddox and the election of 1966, Arnall's write-in campaign in 1966; his reasons behind running in 1966 but not 1962, and the beginnings of his law firm Arnall, Golden, and Gregory, LLP.
OHARN10 Ellis G. Arnall Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN11 Ellis G. Arnall, Part 1, 1986 February 21

1.0 sound recording 88 minutes
Ellis Arnall interviewed by Hal Henderson. Arnall discusses his family history, including his parents, his early married life, and his education. He talks about his first political race for the Georgia House of Representatives in 1932, including campaigning, the 1932 gubernatorial race, and Arnall's relationship (personal and political) with Eugene Talmadge. He talks about his tenure in Georgia House of Representatives, including his election to Speaker pro tempore in 1933, his relationship with Ed Rivers and Roy Harris, the sales tax issue, the three-dollar vehicle license tag issue, and legislation introduced in Georgia House of Representatives during his tenure there.
Arnall discusses his views on United States democracy and the democratic process, his appointment to special assistant state attorney general in 1935, his leadership style versus Eugene Talmadge’s leadership style, the economy and the Great Depression, the New Deal, his election to attorney general in 1940, the Cocking affair, his decision to run for governor in 1941, and his relationship with Franklin D. Roosevelt. Arnall also discusses his experiences campaigning for governor during the time of the county unit system and the poll tax and his opinion on women on juries.
OHARN11 Ellis G. Arnall, Part 1Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN12 Ellis G. Arnall, Part 2, 1986 February 21

1.0 sound recording 48 minutes
Ellis Arnall interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include the 1945 Georgia constitution, influences on Arnall's career in politics, and his views on Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal. Arnall also discusses his gubernatorial administration (1943-1947), including state taxes, state debt, the poll tax, the voting age, the race issue, campaigning, and his relationship with the Georgia legislature while governor. Arnall talks about the Georgia Constitution and gubernatorial succession, his relationship with Roy V. Harris and Ed Rivers, his decision to run for governor in 1966, his views on actual and possible candidates in the 1946 gubernatorial election (including Roy Harris, Marvin Griffin, Jimmy Carmichael, and Ed Rivers), and his lack of desire to be governor again, post-1947.
OHARN12 Ellis G. Arnall, Part 2 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN13 Ellis G. Arnall, Part 3, 1986 February 21

1.0 sound recording 77 minutes
Ellis Arnall interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Arnall’s thoughts on M.E. Thompson’s run for governor, Arnall's decision to run for governor in 1966, Arnall's national and state reputation, reasons for his loss of support in Georgia post-1947, his political relationship with Jimmy Carter, his relationship with Harry Truman, his support for Henry Wallace, his 1944 vice presidential nomination, his post-gubernatorial activities, his stance on the race issue, his thoughts on Martin Luther King, Jr. and civil disobedience, the county unit system, his views on the lack of corruption in his gubernatorial administration, and his write-in campaign in the 1966 gubernatorial election.
OHARN13 Ellis G. Arnall, Part 3 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN14 Herman E. Talmadge, 1986 March 24

1.0 sound recording 27 minutes
Herman Talmadge served as governor of Georgia from 1947 to 1955 and as United States Senator from 1957 to 1981.
Herman E. Talmadge interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include the political relationship between Eugene Talmadge and Ellis Arnall, the 1942 Georgia gubernatorial campaign, Eugene Talmadge’s political style and reputation, Arnall’s supporters in the Georgia legislature in the 1930s, Eugene Talmadge’s political campaigns, elections, and defeats, the election of 1946 (the three governors controversy), and Herman Talmadge's views on Arnall and his politics.
OHARN14 Herman E. Talmadge Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN15 Ellis G. Arnall, 1987 March 26

1.0 sound recording 49 minutes
Ellis Arnall interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include prison reform in Georgia, the Robert Elliot Burns case, Arnall's views on taxes and the economy during his gubernatorial administration (1943-1947), differences between Arnall’s and Ed Rivers’ political philosophies, and the role of the governor. Arnall discusses the issue of race, including his goals, philosophy, actions regarding race issues during his governorship and afterwards. Arnall talks about his political ambitions, his opinion on serving a second gubernatorial term, and his views on the election of 1946 (the three governors controversy).
OHARN15 Ellis G.Arnall Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN16 Ellis G. Arnall, 1987 June 19

1.0 sound recording 43 minutes
Ellis Arnall interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Arnall's campaign platform during the 1942 gubernatorial election of 1942, the Georgia Constitution of 1945, the constitutional commission, ratification, and the poll tax.
OHARN16 Ellis G. Arnall Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN17 Herman E. Talmadge, Part 1, 1987 June 26

1.0 sound recording 80 minutes
Herman E. Talmadge interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include the genealogy and history of the Talmadge family, Talmadge’s childhood, education, and relationship with his father (Eugene Talmadge), and Herman's early political activities. Herman Talmadge discusses Eugene Talmadge’s political style and campaigns and compares those with his own. He also discusses his service in the Navy during World War II, Georgia politicians during the 1930s and 1940s (including Ed Rivers, Roy Harris, Ellis Arnall, and M.E. Thompson), the three governors controversy (1946-1947), and the Neil Primary Act and white voting primaries.
Herman Talmadge served as governor of Georgia from 1947 to 1955 and as United States Senator from 1957 to 1981.
OHARN17 Herman E. Talmadge, Part 1 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN18 Herman E. Talmadge, Part 2, 1987 June 26

1.0 sound recording 65 minutes
Herman Talmadge served as governor of Georgia from 1947 to 1955 and as United States Senator from 1957 to 1981.
Herman E. Talmadge interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include the three governors controversy (1946-1947), Melvin Ernest (M.E.) Thompson and his political opposition to Talmadge, The Statesman (Hapeville, Ga.) and Talmadge’s relationship with the media, highlights from Talmadge’s administration as governor (1948-1954), Talmadge’s relationship with the General Assembly and other state officials, the Minimum Foundation Program and Talmadge’s education policies, Georgia’s first sales tax in 1950, Talmadge’s political influences and strategy, and the county unit system.
OHARN18 Herman E. Talmadge, Part 2 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN19 Ellis G. Arnall, 1988 March 28

1.0 sound recording 38 minutes
Ellis Arnall interviewed by Hal Henderson. Arnall discusses the election of 1948, including the support for M.E. Thompson and reasons why Herman Talmadge won. Arnall also talks about responses to the Talmadges’s and Roy V. Harris’s criticisms against him in the election of 1948 regarding the reputation of Georgia, civil rights, the county unit system, alleged corruption in road building (“negotiated contracts”), his relationship with the press, and alleged corruption while Arnall was president of the Pan-Hellenic Council at UGA. Arnall talks about why he did not run for office in the 1950s and 1960s, the state sales tax, Brown v. Board of Education, and Ernest Vandiver and the possibility of closing Georgia schools over integration (1959-1961).
OHARN19 Ellis G. Arnall Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN20 Ellis G. Arnall, 198? July 31

1.0 sound recording 10 minutes
Ellis Arnall interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Arnall’s opinions on the case against John E. Whitley (1939), his experiences when attorney general under Governor Ed Rivers (1939-1941), and Henderson’s drafts of his biography about Arnall.
OHARN20 Ellis G. Arnall Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHARN21 Herman E. Talmadge speech, 1985 October

1.0 sound recording 15 minutes
Herman Talmadge served as governor of Georgia from 1947 to 1955 and as United States Senator from 1957 to 1981.
Herman E. Talmadge speaking at Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College Symposium on History and Government. Topics include Talmadge’s retirement from politics, the legacy and historical significance of his governorship, economic and industrial growth in Georgia, and natural resources (timber) in Georgia.
OHARN21 Herman E. Talmadge speech Transcript VIEW ONLINE
 

Series II. S. Ernest Vandiver Interviews, 1986, 1993-1994

63.0 items
Series II. consists of interviews conducted by Harold Paulk (Hal) Henderson, Sr., during his research for Ernest Vandiver, Governor of Georgia (2000). Series II. S. Ernest Vandiver, Jr., 1986, 1993-1994, contains thirty-one interviews, some in several parts, conducted by Hal Henderson, and one interview conducted by Mel Steeley and Ted Fitzsimmons of West Georgia College documenting the political and personal life of Georgia governor S. Ernest Vandiver, Jr., 1959-1963.



OHVAN01A Ernest Vandiver, Part 1, 1986 June 25

1.0 sound recording 60 minutes
Ernest Vandiver interviewed by Mel Steeley and Ted Fitzsimmons of West Georgia College. Vandiver discusses his early life, including his rural upbringing, his family history, his childhood, his religious background and education, and the origins of his interest in politics. Vandiver talks about being elected mayor of Lavonia in 1945, Herman and Eugene Talmadge, his military career, his time at UGA, segregation, and being an aide to Herman Talmadge.
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OHVAN01A TranscriptOHVAN01A Ernest Vandiver, Part 1 Transcript



OHVAN01B Ernest Vandiver, Part 2, 1986 June 25

1.0 sound recording 57 minutes
Ernest Vandiver interviewed by Mel Steeley and Ted Fitzsimmons of West Georgia College. Topics include Herman Talmadge, the salary and perks of being governor, Vandiver's management Talmadge’s 1948 campaign for governor, desegregation, selecting administration and department heads as governor, his “No, not one” segregationist campaign motto, and the integration of UGA.
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OHVAN01B TranscriptOHVAN01B Ernest Vandiver, Part 2 Transcript



OHVAN01C Ernest Vandiver, Part 3, 1986 June 25

1.0 sound recording 56 minutes
Ernest Vandiver interviewed by Mel Steeley and Ted Fitzsimmons of West Georgia College. Topics include the Sibley Commission, a governor’s power in the 1960s, Vandiver's involvement with the completion of the Georgia Archives building, President John F. Kennedy, Jimmy Carter as governor of Georgia; Vandiver's disappointment in not being appointed to replace Senator Russell after his passing, and Senator Russell’s presidential bid in 1952.
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OHVAN01C TranscriptOHVAN01C Ernest Vandiver, Part 3 Transcript



OHVAN01D Ernest Vandiver, Part 4, 1986 June 25

1.0 sound recording 11 minutes
Ernest Vandiver interviewed by Mel Steeley and Ted Fitzsimmons of West Georgia College. Topics include Senator Russell’s impact on Ernest Vandiver, Vandiver's life since being governor, religion, unfulfilled political aspirations, and Vandiver's opinions of Georgia’s governors since he left office.
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OHVAN01D TranscriptOHVAN01D Ernest Vandiver, Part 4 Transcript



OHVAN02 Herman E. Talmadge, 1993 August 26

1.0 sound recording 31 minutes
Herman Talmadge served as governor of Georgia from 1947 to 1955 and as United States Senator from 1957 to 1981.
Herman E. Talmadge interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include the beginnings of his friendship with Ernest Vandiver, Vandiver’s involvement with the Talmadge camp in Georgia politics, the Sibley Commission, Vandiver as governor and his political philosophy, the controversy of why Vandiver was not appointed to replace Senator Russell after his death, and Vandiver’s failed 1972 run for the U.S. Senate.
OHVAN02 Herman E. Talmadge Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN03 Carl E. Sanders, 1993 September 2

1.0 sound recording 37 minutes
Carl E. Sanders served as governor of Georgia from 1963 to 1967.
Carl Sanders interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include the failures and accomplishments of Vandiver’s administrations, Vandiver's “No, not one” segregationist motto, Vandiver’s persuasiveness as governor, integration (desegregation), the Sibley Commission, the Rural Roads Authority issue, and battle over the budget.
OHVAN03 Carl E. Sanders Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN04A Ernest Vandiver, 1993 September 2

1.0 sound recording 90 minutes
Ernest Vandiver interviewed by Hal Henderson. Vandiver discusses his early life, including the influence of his parents on his life, his ancestry, his military service, his wife, and his involvement in the campaigns of 1936 and 1938.
OHVAN04A Ernest Vandiver Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN04B Ernest Vandiver, Part 1, 1993 September 14

1.0 sound recording 90 minutes
Ernest Vandiver interviewed by Hal Henderson.Topics include Vandiver's involvement in gubernatorial and Senate races, Herman Talmadge’s Senate run in 1980, Vandiver's role as aide to Herman Talmadge during 1948 (for 67 days), Roy Harris, Vandiver's service as adjutant general, and his experience running for lieutenant governor in 1954.
OHVAN04B Ernest Vandiver, Part 1 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN04C Ernest Vandiver, Part 2, 1993 September 14

1.0 sound recording 60 minutes
Ernest Vandiver interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Vandiver's involvement in Georgia’s legislature in the 1950s, Governor Marvin Griffin, the Rural Roads issue, Vandiver's run for governor of Georgia in 1957 (including his opponent William Bodenhamer), Vandiver's “No, not one” segregationist motto, integration, Herman Talmadge and the black vote, and reasons for Vandiver wanting to be governor.
OHVAN04C Ernest Vandiver, Part 2 Transcript 1.0 sound recording VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN04D Ernest Vandiver, Part 3, 1993 September 14

1.0 sound recording 90 minutes
Ernest Vandiver interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include segregation issue, Carl Sanders' pseudo-run for Senate against Russell, Roy Harris, supporting the Kennedy-Johnson ticket, Martin Luther King, Jr., being put in jail and Vandiver’s involvement in getting him released, Vandiver's heart attack in 1960, the Sibley Commission, and his experience being governor during the desegregation of public schools.
OHVAN04D Ernest Vandiver, Part 3 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN04E Ernest Vandiver, Part 1, 1993 September 15

1.0 sound recording 90 minutes
Ernest Vandiver interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Vandiver's appointees, the county unit system, Vandiver's proposed run for governor in 1966, Bo Callaway and Lester Maddox’s 1966 fight for governor, mental health program reform (Central State Hospital in Milledgeville), industrial recruitment, Vandiver's accomplishments and failures as governor, and education under Gov. Vandiver.
OHVAN04E Ernest Vandiver, Part 1 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN04F Ernest Vandiver, Part 2, 1993 September 15

1.0 sound recording 87 minutes
Ernest Vandiver interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include the positive and negative aspects of being governor, the work schedule of a governor, Vandiver's relationship with press, the Committee of One Hundred (rapid transit in Atlanta), Vandiver's business interests since being governor, his disappointment over not being appointed to suceed Russell in the U.S. Senate, serving as adjutant general 1970, Vandiver's run for Gambrell’s Senate seat in 1972, Sam Nunn, and Jimmy Carter as governor.
OHVAN04F Ernest Vandiver, Part 2 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN04G Ernest Vandiver, Part 3, 1993 September 15

1.0 sound recording 90 minutes
Ernest Vandiver interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Vandiver's leisure activities while governor, his children and their families, his wife’s role in his political career, and his place in Georgia’s history. Vandiver also discusses his early life and background, including his ancestry, his mom and dad meeting, and childhood.
OHVAN04G Ernest Vandiver, Part 3 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN04H Ernest Vandiver, Part 4, 1993 September 15

1.0 sound recording 18 minutes
Ernest Vandiver interviewed by Hal Henderson. Vandiver discusses his early life and education, including his high school activities, and his friends from high school, college, and law school. He also talks about members of his administration when he was governor.
OHVAN04H Ernest Vandiver, Part 4 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN05A Peter Zack Geer, Part 1, 1993 November 3

1.0 sound recording 83 minutes
Peter Zack Geer interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Geer's relationship with Vandiver before becoming his executive secretary, Vandiver's 1954 run for lieutenant governor, Governor Talmadge’s role in Vandiver’s run in 1954, Geer's opinion of Vandiver as lieutenant governor, Vandiver’s relationship with Governor Marvin Griffin and the deterioration of that relationship, Vandiver and the rural roads issue, Vandiver’s run for governor in 1958, Vandiver's “No, not one” segregationist statement, the county unit system, television and Vandiver, Vandiver’s stewardship as governor, the desegregation of UGA, the Sibley Commission, Martin Luther King, Jr.’s release from jail, Vandiver’s aborted 1966 governor campaign, and Vandiver’s failed 1972 run for Senate.
Peter Zack Geer was Gov. Vandiver's executive secretary (1959-1962) and served as lieutenant governor of Georgia from 1962 to 1966.
OHVAN05A Peter Zack Geer, Part 1 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN05B Peter Zack Geer, Part 2, 1993 November 3

1.0 sound recording 6 minutes
Peter Zack Geer interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Vandiver as politician and his place in Georgia’s history.
Peter Zack Geer was Gov. Vandiver's executive secretary (1959-1962) and served as lieutenant governor of Georgia from 1962 to 1966.
OHVAN05B Peter Zack Geer, Part 2 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN06 Robert A. "Cheney" Griffin, 1993 October 8

1.0 sound recording 32 minutes
Robert A. "Cheney" Griffin interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Griffin's role as aide to his brother Governor Marvin Griffin, the relationship between Vandiver and Marvin Griffin before he was governor (1955-1959), the rural roads issue, Vandiver’s criticism of Griffin’s tenure as governor, Marvin Griffin’s 1962 run for governor, and Vandiver as governor.
Robert A. "Cheney" Griffin was the executive aide to his brother, Gov. Marvin Griffin and also served as the mayor of Bainbridge, Ga.
OHVAN06 Robert A. "Cheney" Griffin Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN07 Griffin Bell, 1993 October 8

1.0 sound recording 89 minutes
Griffin Bell interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Bell's relationship with Vandiver before he became governor, Vandiver's “No, not one” segregationist speech, Bell's role as chief of staff in Governor Vandiver’s administration, Vandiver’s role in John F. Kennedy's presidential campaign, the Sibley Commission, the county unit system, and Vandiver as governor.
Griffin Bell is a lawyer who served as attorney general of the United States from 1977 to 1979.
OHVAN07 Griffin Bell Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN08 Freeman Leverett, 1993 December 3

1.0 sound recording 53 minutes
Leverett Freeman interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Freeman's position in Vandiver’s administration and his relationship with Vandiver, Freeman's opinion of Vandiver's “No, not one” segregationist speech, the Honesty in Government Act, the Sibley Commission, the county unit system, and Vandiver’s accomplishments and failures as governor.
Ernest Freeman Leverett served as assistant attorney general of Georgia from 1955 to 1959.
OHVAN08 Freeman Leverett Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN10 Henry G. Neal, 1994 January 7

1.0 sound recording
Henry Getzen Neal was an advisor to Vandiver during his gubernatorial campaign and later served as assistant attorney general under Vandiver (1959-1964).
Henry Neal interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Neal's relationship with Vandiver before he became governor, Vandiver's "No, not one" speech, Neal's role in the Vandiver administration, the Sibley Commission, the desegregation of UGA, and Vandiver's 1966 gubernatorial campaign and 1972 U.S. Senate campagn.
OHVAN10 Henry G. Neal transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN09 Henry G. Neal, 1993 November 26

1.0 sound recording
Henry Getzen Neal was an advisor to Vandiver during his gubernatorial campaign and later served as assistant attorney general under Vandiver (1959-1964).
Henry Neal interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Vandiver's lobbying style and Vandiver's relationship with members of his administration.
OHVAN09 Henry G. Neal Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN11 Garland Byrd, 1993 December 6

1.0 sound recording 55 minutes
Garland Byrd interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Byrd's opinion of Vandiver’s overwhelming victory in governor’s race in 1958, interest groups, the Honesty in Government Bill, the 1960 presidential election (Kennedy), the Sibley Commission, Vandiver’s speech of intending to keep schools open, and Vandiver’s accomplishments and failures as governor.
Garland Turk Byrd served as lieutenant governor of Georgia from 1959 to 1963.
OHVAN11 Garland Byrd Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN12 Homer Rankin, 1994 January 13

1.0 sound recording 70 minutes
Homer Rankin interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include William Bodenhamer, Roy Harris, committee hearings, the Sibley Commission, and accomplishments of Vandiver’s administration.
Homer Meade Rankin was the editor and publisher of the Daily Tifton Gazette (c. 1959-1963) and president of the Georgia Press Association. He also served in the Georgia general assembly in the early 1960s.
OHVAN12 Homer Rankin Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN13A Betty Vandiver, Part 1, 1994 January 22

1.0 sound recording 90 minutes
Betty Vandiver interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Betty Vandiver's parents and siblings, being in the Russell family, education, meeting Ernest Vandiver, and Ernest Vandiver's 1954 campaign for lieutenant governor.
Betty Vandiver is the wife of Ernest Vandiver and served as First Lady of Georgia from 1959 to 1963.
OHVAN13A Betty Vandiver, Part 1 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN13B Betty Vandiver, Part 2, 1994 January 22

1.0 sound recording 79 minutes
Betty Vandiver interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Ernest Vandiver's “No, not one” speech, Senator Russell's support for Vandiver, Robert Russell, Marvin Griffin, and her role in Ernest Vandiver's 1958 campaign.
Betty Vandiver is the wife of Ernest Vandiver and served as First Lady of Georgia from 1959 to 1963.
OHVAN13B Betty Vandiver, Part 2 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN13C Betty Vandiver, Part 3, 1994 January 22

1.0 sound recording 88 minutes
Betty Vandiver interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include the Central State Hospital in Milledgeville, desegregation, Gov. Vandiver’s administration, her husband’s health, and Ernest Vandiver's 1966 gubernatorial campaign and 1972 Senate campaign.
Betty Vandiver is the wife of Ernest Vandiver and served as First Lady of Georgia from 1959 to 1963.
OHVAN13C Betty Vandiver, Part 3 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN14 Jane Vandiver Kidd, 1994 February 27

1.0 sound recording 53 minutes
Jane Vandiver Kidd interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include her parents (Betty and Ernest Vandiver), living in the governor’s mansion, and Ernest Vandiver as a father.
Jane Brevard Vandiver Kidd is the daughter of Betty and Ernest Vandiver. Kidd served on the Lavonia City Council, managed Don Johnson's congressional campaign, served in the Georgia general assembly, and served as the chair of the Democratic Party of Georgia.
OHVAN14 Jane Vandiver Kidd Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN15 Elizabeth Vandiver, 1994 February 27

1.0 sound recording 25 minutes
Elizabeth Vandiver interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include her parents (Betty and Ernest Vandiver) and her interest in her father’s campaign.
Vanna Elizabeth "Beth" Vandiver is the daughter of Betty and Ernest Vandiver. She has worked in the Department of Family and Children Services in Atlanta and as a teacher in Franklin County, Ga.
OHVAN15 Elizabeth Vandiver Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN16A Chip Vandiver, Part 1, 1994 February 27

1.0 sound recording 86 minutes
Chip Vandiver interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include his father’s influence on him, working on his father’s campaigns, problems in the 1972 Senate race, and growing up in the governor’s mansion.
S.E. "Chip" Vandiver, III, is the son of Betty and Ernest Vandiver. He clerked for Supreme Court Justice Robert H. Jordan and had a private law practice in Lavonia, Ga.
OHVAN16A Chip Vandiver, Part 1 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN16B Chip Vandiver, Part 2, 1994 February 27

1.0 sound recording 6 minutes
Chip Vandiver interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include being part of the Russell family.
S.E. "Chip" Vandiver, III, is the son of Betty and Ernest Vandiver. He clerked for Supreme Court Justice Robert H. Jordan and had a private law practice in Lavonia, Ga.
OHVAN16B Chip Vandiver, Part 2 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN17 James Dunlap, 1994 March 18

1.0 sound recording 64 minutes
James Dunlap interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include life at UGA with Vandiver, his role in Vandiver’s 1954 run for lieutenant governor, Vandiver's “No, not one” speech, Griffin and Vandiver and the rural road issue, Dunlap's role in Vandiver's 1958 campaign, the Sibley Commission, and Dunlap's role in Vandiver's 1966 and 1972 campaigns.
James A. Dunlap was a classmate of Ernest Vandiver's at UGA and was a member of the University System of Georgia Board of Regents.
OHVAN17 James Dunlap Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN18 William Bowdoin, 1994 March 22

1.0 sound recording 55 minutes
William Bowdoin interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include the relationship between Griffin and Vandiver, Vandiver's “No, not one” speech, Bowdoin's role in Vandiver’s administration, reforms in the bidding process, and Betty Vandiver’s influence on her husband.
William R. Bowdoin was president of the Trust Company of Georgia Associates, supervisor of the Purchases Department in the Vandiver administration, and chairman of the state Ports Authority.
OHVAN18 William Bowdoin Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN19 Douglas Embry, 1994 March 16

1.0 sound recording 17 minutes
Douglas Embry interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Embry's time as editor of the Georgia Guardsman, Vandiver's accomplishments as adjutant general of the Georgia National Guard (including building armories), Vandiver's work ethic and "executive" leadership style, Vandiver's frugality, and Embry's impressions of Betty Vandiver.
OHVAN19 Douglas Embry Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN20 William Bonner, 1994 March 19

1.0 sound recording 21 minutes
William Bonner interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Growing up in Lavonia with Ernest Vandiver, Vandiver as a student, and Vandiver’s upbringing and childhood.
OHVAN20 William Bonner Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN21A James Owen, Part 1, 1994 March 16

1.0 sound recording 37 minutes
James Owen interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Owen's time at UGA with Vandiver, Vandiver’s run for lieutenant governor in 1954, Vandiver’s run for governor in 1958, Marvin Griffin, and the Sibley Commission.
OHVAN21A James Owen, Part 1 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN21B James Owen, Part 2, 1994 March 16

1.0 sound recording 19 minutes
James Owen interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Vandiver’s accomplishments, the desegregation of the University of Georgia, and Vandiver’s style and personality.
OHVAN21B James Owen, Part 2 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN22 George T. Smith, 1994 March 23

1.0 sound recording 44 minutes
George Smith interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Marvin Griffin’s administration, the beginnings of Smith's friendship with Vandiver, Vandiver and the legislature, the Honesty in Government Act, the Sibley Commission, Vandiver’s handling of the desegregation of UGA, Vandiver’s accomplishments and failures as governor of Georgia, and Vandiver as a steward, governor, and politician.
OHVAN22 George T. Smith Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN23 George Busbee, 1994 March 17

1.0 sound recording 26 minutes
George Busbee interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include his impression of Marvin Griffin’s administration, the relationship between Griffin and Vandiver, and the Sibley Commission.
OHVAN23 George Busbee Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN24 Denean Stafford, 1994 June 15

1.0 sound recording 32 minutes
Denean Stafford interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include meeting Vandiver at UGA, political help in Tifton County for Vandiver in his 1954 lieutenant governor campaign, Vandiver as lieutenant governor, Marvin Griffin, corruption in Griffin’s administration, the desegregation of UGA, and Vandiver as governor.
OHVAN24 Denean Stafford Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN25 Robert C. Norman, 1994 June 9

1.0 sound recording 84 minutes
Robert C. Norman interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Norman's first meeting Vandiver, attending UGA and law school with Vandiver, supporting Vandiver in 1954, the relationship between Marvin Griffin and Ernest Vandiver, the Sibley Commission and John Sibley, Vandiver's accomplishments as governor, Carl Sanders, and Roy Harris.
OHVAN25 Robert C. Norman Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN26A William L. Lanier, Part 1, 1994 July 21

1.0 sound recording 63 minutes
William L. Lanier interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include meeting Vandiver in 1948, Vandiver's opponents in the 1954 lieutenant governor race, the Griffin administration’s integrity, the 1958 governor’s race, Vandiver's “No, not one” speech, the Honesty in Government Act, Vandiver’s administration, the Sibley Commission, and desegregation.
OHVAN26A William L. Lanier, Part 1 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN26B William L. Lanier, Part 2, 1994 July 21

1.0 sound recording 16 minutes
William L. Lanier interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include the failures of Vandiver’s administration, Vandiver as governor, and Vandiver as aspeaker, steward, and politician.
OHVAN26B William L. Lanier, Part 2 Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN27 David C. Jones, 1994 July 22

1.0 sound recording 66 minutes
David C. Jones interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Jones' first meeting Vandiver, John Greer, Griffin’s administration, the relationship between Griffin and Vandiver, the rural road issue, Vandiver's “No, not one” speech, Vandiver’s administration, the Sibley Commission, the desegregation of UGA, failures and accomplishments of Gov. Vandiver, and Vandiver’s 1972 run for the U.S. Senate.
OHVAN27 David C. Jones Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN28 Robert H. Hall, 1994 July 28

1.0 sound recording 38 minutes
Robert H. Hall interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Hall's introduction to Vandiver, the relationship between Marvin Griffin and Vandiver, Vandiver's “No, not one” speech, Vandiver’s administration, corruption in Griffin administration, the Sibley Commission, damage to Vandiver's reputation because of the “No, not one” speech, and accomplishments of Gov. Vandiver.
OHVAN28 Robert H. Hall Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN29 Glenn W. Ellard, 1994 July 29

1.0 sound recording 55 minutes
Glenn W. Ellard interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Ellard's experience in the state legislature, his impression of various people in Marvin Griffin's administration, Griffin and Vandiver’s fight over the budget, members of Vandiver’s administration, the Sibley Commission, and Vandiver’s accomplishments.
OHVAN29 Glenn W. Ellard Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN30A William D. Ballard, 1994 July 29

1.0 sound recording 84 minutes
William D. Ballard interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Ballard's impressions of members of Gov. Marvin Griffin's administration (including T.V. "Red" Williams and Roy Chalker), the relationship between Griffin and Vandiver, the rural roads issue, the relationship between Lt. Gov. Vandiver and legislators, the 1958 gubernatorial campaign, Vandiver's "No, not one" speech, the role of Betty Vandiver, the role of the highway department in Georgia politics, the Honesty in Government law, Ballard's opinions of his contemporary legislators, lobbying, the Sibley Commission, the desegregation of UGA, and the county unit system.
OHVAN30A William D. Ballard Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN30B William D. Ballard, 1994 July 28

1.0 sound recording 14 minutes
William D. Ballard interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include the county unit system, the accomplishments of Vandiver’s administration, Vandiver as a politician and speaker, Vandiver's personality, Vandiver's withdrawal from the 1966 gubernatorial election, and Vandiver's 1972 U.S. Senate run.
OHVAN30B William D. Ballard Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN31 Robert G. Stephens, 1994 July 29

1.0 sound recording 55 minutes
Robert G. Stephens interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Stephens' experiences in law school with Vandiver, Vandiver’s political rise, members of Griffin’s administration, Vandiver as a politician, Vandiver’s political philosophy, and Vandiver’s failed 1972 U.S. Senate bid.
OHVAN31 Robert G. Stephens Transcript VIEW ONLINE



OHVAN32 Louise King Aiken, 1994 September 15

Louise King Aiken interviewed by Hal Henderson. Topics include Ernest Vandiver as a schoolchild Vandiver's parents.
OHVAN32 Louise King Aiken Transcript VIEW ONLINE
 

Series III. Georgia Governors in An Age of Change: From Ellis Arnall to George Busbee, 1985

8.0 items
VHS videocassettes from a symposium on Georgia governors that was held at Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College (ABAC) in Tifton, Ga. The symposium was directed by Gary Roberts and Hal Henderson and featured presentations by scholars as well as by governors themselves. Transcriptions of the presentations are included in Henderson and Roberts' book, Georgia Governors in an Age of Change.
Governors Symposium: Governor Ellis Arnall, 1985 August 23 1.0 moving image 29 minutes
Governors Symposium: President Jimmy Carter, 1985 September 20 1.0 moving image 30 minutes
Governors Symposium: Governor George Busbee, 1985 October 2 1.0 moving image 24 minutes
Governors Symposium: Governor Herman E. Talmadge, 1985 October 31 1.0 moving image
Governors Symposium: Governor S. Ernest Vandiver, 1985 October 31 1.0 moving image
Governors Symposium: Governors Roundtable, 1985 October 31 1.0 moving image
Roundtable featuring four Georgia governors, moderated by Ric Allen.
Governors Symposium: Governor Carl E. Sanders, 1985 November 1 1.0 moving image
Governors Symposium: Governor Lester G. Maddox, 1985 November 1 1.0 moving image