Thomas M. Hayes Collection of Georgia Republican Party Campaign PhotographsThomas M. Hayes Collection of Georgia Republican Party Campaign Photographs

Thomas M. Hayes Collection of Georgia Republican Party Campaign Photographs

Descriptive Summary

Title: Thomas M. Hayes Collection of Georgia Republican Party Campaign Photographs
Creator: Hayes, Thomas M.
Dates: 1956-1964
Extent: 1.0 box (116 photographs and 8 audiovisual items)
Collection Number: RBRL/083/TMH
Repository: Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
Abstract: The collection consists of photographs collected by Thomas M. Hayes depicting Republican presidential candidate Richard Nixon and his campaign activities in Georgia in 1964. It includes photographs of Richard and Pat Nixon's visit to Atlanta.

Collection Description

Historical Note

The Georgia Republican Party is one of the two major political parties in the state of Georgia. The Republican Party had a brief moment of power during the Reconstruction, from 1865 to 1872. The Republican Party in Georgia was from the beginning identified with the extremes of Radical Reconstruction. Georgia's only elected Republican governor, until the election of Sonny Perdue in 2002, had been Rufus Bullock, who served from 1868 to 1871. From the late nineteenth century until the 1960s, the state party's chief functions were to dispense the federal patronage when a Republican was in the White House and to aid in the nomination of a favored candidate at the Republican national conventions.

The state Republican Party remained a grass roots effort until the 1960s, when white Southerners who were disturbed by the integrationist stance of the Democrats turned to the more conservative party. The party was actively involved with Barry Goldwater's presidential campaign of 1964, but Goldwater lost that year's election by an overwhelming landslide. In 1966, there was a split in the Georgia Democratic Party, with former Democrats declaring themselves Republicans. This same year, Howard “Bo” Calloway became the first Republican from Georgia to be elected to the United States House of Representatives. The state Republican Party almost split during the 1976 campaign over who would be the Republican presidential nominee, Gerald Ford or Ronald Reagan. By 1980, Republican Mack Mattingly defeated a long-standing Democrat, Herman Talmadge, for the office of United States Senator. Mattingly was the first Republican from Georgia elected to the U.S. Senate since the Reconstruction.

That same year, Ronald Reagan defeated Democrat Jimmy Carter of Georgia in the Presidential election, though Georgia was one of seven states whose electoral votes went to Carter. Reagan's personal popularity with the voters secured his reelection in 1984. His vice president, George H. W. Bush, went on to win the presidency in 1988, maintaining the Republican hold on the allegiance of large numbers of centrist voters into the 1990s. By 1992, Congress came under control of the Republicans and a Republican from Georgia, Newt Gingrich, became Speaker of the House. Led by Newt Gingrich, the state of Georgia by 1994 was largely represented by a Republican delegation in the United States Congress including Senator Paul Coverdell and Representatives Jack Kingston, Mac Collins, John Linder, Bob Barr, Saxby Chambliss, and Charlie Norwood.

Scope and Content

The collection consists of 116 photographs and 8 audiovisual items collected by Thomas M. Hayes depicting Republican presidential candidate Richard Nixon and his campaign activities in Georgia in 1964. It includes photographs of Richard and Pat Nixon's speaking trip to Atlanta.


Administrative Information and Restrictions

Preferred Citation

Thomas M. Hayes Collection of Georgia Republican Party Campaign Audiovisual Materials, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Georgia, 30602-1641.

User Restrictions

Library acts as "fair use" reproduction agent.

Copyright Information

Before material from collections at the Richard B. Russell Library may be quoted in print, or otherwise reproduced, in whole or in part, in any publication, permission must be obtained from (1) the owner of the physical property, and (2) the holder of the copyright. It is the particular responsibility of the researcher to obtain both sets of permission. Persons wishing to quote from materials in the Russell Library collection should consult the Director. Reproduction of any item must contain a complete citation to the original.

Finding Aid Publication

Finding aid prepared by Russell staff, 2008.


Related Materials

Access Points

Atlanta (Ga.)--Politics and government--1951-
Audiovisual.
Georgia--Politics and government--1951-
Nixon, Pat, 1912-1993.
Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhouse), 1913-1994.
Photographs.
Political campaigns--United States--Georgia.
Political parties--Georgia.
Republican Party (Ga.)
United States--Politics and government--1961-1963.

Related Collections in this Repository

Georgia Republican Party Records


Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 

I. Photographs

Extent: 116.0 photographs
Box
1Richard and Pat Nixon's speaking trip to Atlanta, 1964
Extent: 116.0 photographs
 

II. Audiovisual Materials

Extent: 8.0 items
Scope and Content: Thomas M. Hayes Collection of Georgia Republican Party Campaign Audiovisual Collection, Series II. Audiovisual Materials consists of seven 16mm films and one quarter-inch open reel audio tape. The films include commercially produced campaign advertisements and 16mm news film footage of a 1960 press conference conducted by Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., Democratic Representative from New York , in which he announces his campaign platform. The collection also includes an audiotape of Walter Reuther introducing John F. Kennedy at a political rally in Harlem ( New York City ). The filmed campaign advertisements include two one-minute television commercials for the 1956 presidential campaign comparing Democrats Harry S. Truman, Adlai Stevenson (the Democratic nominee for president), and Estes Kefauver (the Democratic nominee for vice president) with the Republican nominee for president and incumbent, Dwight D. Eisenhower; three twenty- to thirty-second television commercials of President Eisenhower urging voters to vote for Republican candidates in the 1956 Congressional elections; one twenty-second commercial for 1960 Presidential campaign featuring Republican nominees for president and vice president Richard Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr.; a three-minute paid television advertisement for Richard Nixon for vice president, created by the National Republican Senatorial Committee; two versions of a Richard Nixon for vice president campaign commercial addressing the spread of communism.
Conditions Governing Access note: Reference copies of the audiovisual recordings are available upon request. Research requests will be filled as soon as possible and will be dependent upon the condition of the recordings.
item
UC RBRL/083/TMH/RR_0001Walter Reuther introducing JKF at a rally in Harlem, undated
Extent: 1.0 sound recording
item
UC RBRL/083/TMH/16mm_0001Republican TV Spots 2 - 1 min. spots "A" & "B." Vernon Lewis Productions., undated
Extent: 1.0 moving image
item
UC RBRL/083/TMH/16mm_0002Nixon: Show the commies, undated
Extent: 1.0 moving image
item
UC RBRL/083/TMH/16mm_0003Adam Clayton Powell press conference [1960] - A, 1960
Extent: 1.0 moving image
item
UC RBRL/083/TMH/16mm_0004Adam Clayton Powell press conference [1960] - B, 1960
Extent: 1.0 moving image
item
UC RBRL/083/TMH/16mm_0005Nixon and Lodge, undated
Extent: 1.0 moving image
item
UC RBRL/083/TMH/16mm_0006Nixon, undated
Extent: 1.0 moving image
item
UC RBRL/083/TMH/16mm_0007"Eisenhower", undated
Extent: 1.0 moving image