Foot Soldier for Equal Justice: Horace T. Ward and the Desegregation of the University of Georgia CollectionFoot Soldier for Equal Justice: Horace T. Ward and the Desegregation of the University of Georgia Collection

Foot Soldier for Equal Justice: Horace T. Ward and the Desegregation of the University of Georgia Collection

Descriptive Summary

Title: Foot Soldier for Equal Justice: Horace T. Ward and the Desegregation of the University of Georgia Collection
Creator: Daniels, Maurice
Dates: 1940s-2001
Extent: 5.0 boxes (4.75 linear feet)
Collection Number: RBRL/072/FSEJ
Repository: Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
Abstract: Horace T. Ward: Desegregation of the University of Georgia, Civil Rights Advocacy, and Jurisprudence documents Horace Ward, the first African American to sue for admission to an all-white college or university in Georgia. The papers are mainly photocopies of transcripts from court cases, clippings, and correspondence from former University of Georgia law professor James J. Lenoir and Red and Black student editor Walter Lundy, both of whom resigned positions at the university due to the school’s resistance to desegregation. Specific court cases documented include Ward v. Regents of the University System of Georgia and Holmes v. Danner.

Collection Description

Historical note

The Foot Soldier Project for Civil Rights Studies, a documentary and research program at The University of Georgia, is dedicated to chronicling Georgia’s history in the civil rights movement. While Georgia is the home of numerous, nationally celebrated civil rights figures and events, many other Georgia trailblazers and significant events in the civil rights movement have been neglected or forgotten. The Foot Soldier Project focuses on these unsung foot soldiers, those individuals who, despite playing significant, powerful, and historic roles in the movement, remain largely obscure. It is crucial to recount the stories of these foot soldiers, for although their efforts have not been well documented or widely publicized, their courage and contributions have nevertheless transformed our nation.

The foundation for the project is Horace T. Ward: Desegregation of the University of Georgia, Civil Rights Advocacy, and Jurisprudence by University of Georgia social work professor Maurice Daniels, which focuses on the life of federal judge Horace T. Ward and tells the story of desegregation at the University of Georgia and in the University of Georgia System. Research from this book and the companion civil rights documentary, Foot Soldier for Equal Justice, yielded more than thirty rare interviews of civil rights figures and leading public officials from Georgia and around the country, including Ward and fellow federal judges Constance Baker Motley and William Bootle, attorneys Donald Hollowell and Vernon Jordan, Dr. Hamilton Earl Holmes, former U.S. senator Herman Talmadge, and former Georgia governor Ernest Vandiver.

Scope and Content

The papers relate to the Horace T. Ward documentary and book and are mainly photocopies of transcripts from court cases, clippings, and correspondence from former University of Georgia law professor James J. Lenoir and Red and Black student editor Walter Lundy, both of whom resigned positions at the university due to the school’s resistance to desegregation. Specific court cases documented include Ward v. Regents of the University System of Georgia and Holmes v. Danner. The photograph series contains images collected during the research phases of the Ward and Holmes documentaries.

Organization and Arrangement

This collection is organized into three series: papers, photographs, and audiovisual materials (currently closed to research).


Administrative Information and Restrictions

Preferred citation

Foot Soldier for Equal Justice: Horace T. Ward and the Desegregation of the University of Georgia Collection, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Georgia, 30602-1641.

Copyright Information

Before material from collections at the Richard B. Russell Library may be quoted in print, or otherwise reproduced, in whole or in part, in any publication, permission must be obtained from (1) the owner of the physical property, and (2) the holder of the copyright. It is the particular responsibility of the researcher to obtain both sets of permissions. Persons wishing to quote from materials in the Russell Library collection should consult the Director. Reproduction of any item must contain a complete citation to the original.

Finding Aid Publication

Finding aid prepared by Russell staff, 2012.


Related Materials

Access Points

African Americans--Civil rights--Georgia.
African Americans--Civil rights--United States.
African Americans--Civil rights.
Civil rights demonstrations--Georgia.
Civil rights demonstrations--United States.
Civil rights movements--Georgia.
Civil rights--Georgia.
Civil rights--Southern States.
Civil rights--United States--History.
Civil rights--United States.
Civil rights.
Hollowell, Donald L., 1917-2004
Holmes, Hamilton, 1941-
Hunter-Gault, Charlayne, 1942-
Lundy, Walter, 1933-
University of Georgia.
Ward, Horace T., (Horace Taliaferro), 1927-

Related Collections in this Repository

Charlayne Hunter-Gault Papers

Walter Stovall Papers


Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 

I. Papers

Scope and Content: The papers relate to the Horace T. Ward documentary and book and are mainly photocopies of transcripts from court cases, clippings, and correspondence from former University of Georgia law professor James J. Lenoir and Red and Black student editor Walter Lundy, both of whom resigned positions at the university due to the school’s resistance to desegregation. Specific court cases documented include Ward v. Regents of the University System of Georgia and Holmes v. Danner. Drafts of the documentary script and chapters of the book are also found in this series.
BoxFolder
11Horace T. Ward versus Regents of the University System of Georgia, deposition of W. N. Danner, O. C. Aderhold, J. Alton Hosch, Harmon W. Caldwell, and L. R. Siebert, 1956
12Horace T. Ward versus Regents of the University System of Georgia, deposition of Horace T. Ward, 1956
13Horace T. Ward versus Regents of the University System of Georgia, deposition of Robert L. McWhorter, 1956
14-5Horace T. Ward versus Regents of the University System of Georgia, 1956
16-7Horace T. Ward versus Regents of the University System of Georgia, parts I-II, 1956
18-9Hamilton Holmes versus Walter Danner, parts II-III, 1960
110-11Barbara Hunt, Iris Mae Welch, Myra Elliot Dinsmore, Russell Roberts versus Robert C. Arnold, 1956
Box
5Barbara Hunt, Iris Mae Welch, Myra Elliot Dinsmore, Russell Roberts versus Robert C. Arnold, 1956
BoxFolder
112Emory University versus Fred Nash, tax commissioner, 1962
113Clippings, Atlanta Daily World, 1956-1958, 1965
114Clippings, Atlanta Journal, Ward's efforts to enter UGA, 1950-1956
115Clippings, Atlanta Journal, Ward's efforts to enter UGA, 1956
BoxFolder
21Clippings, Red and Black, Macon Telegraph, 1950-1961
22Clippings, Atlanta Journal, 1956, 1976, 1986
23Clippings, Atlanta Journal, 1950-1956
24Clippings, Atlanta Journal, Red and Black, 1950-1961
25Clippings, Atlanta Daily World, 1956
26Clippings, Atlanta Journal, 1957, 1960
27Clippings, Atlanta Daily World, 1959-1961
28Clippings, Atlanta Daily World, 1950-1958
29Boyd Audio [William Boyd papers; transcripts of Boyd audio recordings; transcripts of interviews with Archibald and Alfred Killian and Tyus Butler]
210Ward documents II
211Ward documents III
212Lenior [photocopies of papers regarding James Lenoir]
213Lenior [photocopies of papers regarding James Lenoir]
214Walter Lundy papers [photocopies of material regarding Lundy]
215Ward documentary script draft
216Horace T. Ward: Desegregation of the University of Georgia, Civil Rights Advocacy, and Jurisprudence draft
217Horace T. Ward: Desegregation of the University of Georgia, Civil Rights Advocacy, and Jurisprudence [photocopies of photos]
218Horace T. Ward: Desegregation of the University of Georgia, Civil Rights Advocacy, and Jurisprudence introduction
219Horace T. Ward: Desegregation of the University of Georgia, Civil Rights Advocacy, and Jurisprudence Chapter 1
BoxFolder
31Horace T. Ward: Desegregation of the University of Georgia, Civil Rights Advocacy, and Jurisprudence Chapter 2
32Horace T. Ward: Desegregation of the University of Georgia, Civil Rights Advocacy, and Jurisprudence Chapter 3
33Horace T. Ward: Desegregation of the University of Georgia, Civil Rights Advocacy, and Jurisprudence Chapter 4
34Horace T. Ward: Desegregation of the University of Georgia, Civil Rights Advocacy, and Jurisprudence Chapter 5
35Horace T. Ward: Desegregation of the University of Georgia, Civil Rights Advocacy, and Jurisprudence Chapter 6
36Horace T. Ward: Desegregation of the University of Georgia, Civil Rights Advocacy, and Jurisprudence Chapter 7
 

II. Photographs

Scope and Content: The photograph series contains images collected during the research phases of the Ward and Holmes documentaries. The majority are family photographs. The images depict prominent Georgia natives associated with the civil rights movement as well as some national figures.
BoxFolder
37Horace Ward in law office, Atlanta
38Donald Hollowell and Horace Ward
39Horace Ward, graduating class, Northwestern University Law School
310Horace Ward, instructor of social studies, Alabama State College, 1955
311Ruth LeFlore, 1956
312Horace Ward and Ruth LeFlore Ward
313Horace Ward and William Boyd, Elks' National Convention, 1953
314William Boyd speaking on the radio, WERD, 1950s
315Horace Ward, East Depot High School, LaGrange, 1940s
316Horace Ward inducted into Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity, 1947
317Horace Ward, Morehouse College
318Horace Ward, LaGrange, 1946
319Horace Ward, age 14
320Clinton E. Warner, Sr. principal at East Depot High School
321Heman Marion Sweatt, University of Texas-Austin
322Ada Lois Sipuel and attorney Thurgood Marshall [photocopy], 1946
323Ada Lois Sipuel, circa 1949
324Hamilton and Marilyn Holmes
325Hamilton Holmes, Grady Hospital
326Hamilton Holmes, Grady Hospital
327Hamilton Holmes "chats with white girl student" [photocopy], 1961
328Hamilton Holmes, Charlayne Hunter, Frances Wilson, and Layson Brown
329Donald Hollowell, Charlayne Hunter, Hamilton Holmes, Althea Hunter [photocopy], 1961
330Horace Ward in law office
331Horace Ward and Maynard Jackson
332Lora Lenoir [photocopy]
333James Lenoir [photocopy]
334James and Lora Lenoir [photocopy]
335James and Lora Lenoir and family, 1952
336Horace Ward, U.S. Army
337Horace Ward, Korean tour of duty
338U.S. Northern District Court of Georgia, 1970s
339Horace Ward and Benjamin E. Mays on the occassion of Ward's appointment to the Superior Court, 1977
340Jimmy Carter and Horace Ward, 1974
341Horace Ward
342Hamilton Holmes, Emory University
343Hamilton Holmes and familty
344Hamilton Holmes, Turner High School
345Hamilton Holmes, Emory University
346Hamilton Holmes [photocopy]
347Horace Ward, 1994
348Horace Ward and office staff
349Judge Horace Ward with an unidentified group
350George Busbee and Horace Ward at Ward's swearing in as Fulton County Superior Court Judge, 1977
351Leroy Johnson, Horace Ward, and several other legislators
352William Boyd, Roy Wilkins, Whitney Young, and A.T. Walden [photocopy], 1955
353Ralph McGill cartoon, Augusta Courier [photocopy], 1953
354NAACP Atlanta Conference, William Boyd, Roy Wilkins, J. M. Hinton, and Carl Johnson, 1954
355Horace Ward, Constance Baker Motley, Donald Hollowell, 1961
356Arthur Walden, Horace Ward, Donald Hollowell on the steps of the Georgia Capitol, 1964
357Charles Gary Campfield, Sr., 1940s
358Wynelle and Morgan Scott wedding
359Isabella Campfield
360Tuskegee Institute Women's Tennis Team, 1930s
361Tup Holmes, Hamilton Sr., and Oliver Holmes, 1950s
362Alfred "Tup" Holmes
363Thurgood Marshall, Walter White, William Boyd
Box
4Morehouse College Centennial, 1967
 

Unprocessed

Extent: 4.0 boxes (3.25 linear feet)
2015/46
Extent: 4.0 boxes (3.25 linear feet)
Box
2015/46_1Ward Book and Documentary files
Box
2015/46_2Ward Book and Documentary files
Box
2015/46_3Ward Book and Documentary files
Box
2015/46_4Ward Book and Documentary files