Charlayne Hunter-Gault PapersCharlayne Hunter-Gault Papers

Charlayne Hunter-Gault Papers

Descriptive Summary

Title: Charlayne Hunter-Gault Papers
Creator: Hunter-Gault, Charlayne, 1942-
Dates: 1959-2012
Extent: 7.0 boxes (6.25 linear feet), including 5 photographs and 1 audiovisual item
Collection Number: RBRL/043/CHG
Repository: Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
Abstract: In 1961, after a two year legal battle, Charlayne Hunter (later Charlayne Hunter-Gault) and Hamilton Holmes became the first African Americans to be accepted to the University of Georgia. The two students were met with animosity, and some rioting occurred outside Hunter’s dorm. Both Hunter and Holmes were suspended for their own safety, but a court order allowed them to return to campus a few days later. In 1963, Hunter graduated from UGA with a degree in journalism. Her professional career in journalism has included work for The New Yorker and The New York Times, as well as serving as a foreign correspondent for PBS’s MacNeil/Lehrer Report. In 1997, she became National Public Radio’s chief correspondent for Africa and, in 1999, she became Johannesburg bureau chief and correspondent for CNN. These papers primarily document public reaction to the integration of the University of Georgia and Hunter-Gault’s professional activities as national correspondent and anchor for MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour. Correspondence to University Dean of Students Dr. Joseph Williams in 1961 reflects both students’ and state residents’ opinions regarding desegregation. Other materials include Dr. John C. Belcher’s research files and transcripts of oral histories he conducted documenting the integration of the university. Also included is correspondence sent to Hunter-Gault regarding her reporting for the MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour from 1979 until 1988.

Collection Description

Biographical Note

Born February 27, 1942, in Due West, South Carolina, Charlayne Hunter-Gault (then, Charlayne Hunter) began her studies in journalism at Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan. In 1961, after a two year legal battle, Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes became the first African Americans to be accepted to the University of Georgia. The two students were met with animosity, and some rioting occurred outside Hunter’s dorm. Both Hunter and Holmes were suspended for their own safety, but a court order allowed them to return to campus a few days later. In 1963, Hunter graduated from UGA with a degree in journalism. That same year she married Walter Stovall, a white student also enrolled in the journalism program, an action that was decried by several segregationists throughout the state, and even by some of Hunter’s supporters, who felt that this could jeopardize other civil rights advances. The two had one daughter, Susan Stovall, and divorced soon after.

Hunter-Gault’s professional career in journalism has included work for The New Yorker and The New York Times. She served as a foreign correspondent for Africa, the Middle East, and the Caribbean for PBS’s MacNeil/Lehrer Report. In 1997, she became National Public Radio’s chief correspondent for Africa and, in 1999, she became Johannesburg bureau chief and correspondent for CNN. Her memoir, In My Place (1993), chronicles her experiences growing up in the segregated South and integrating the University of Georgia. She is currently married to Ron Gault and they have a son, Chuma Gault.

Ms. Hunter-Gault has received numerous awards for journalism including: Good Housekeeping Broadcast Personality of the Year; American Women in Radio and Television Award; National News and Documentary Emmy Award for Outstanding Coverage (regarding the American invasion of Grenada); National Association of Black Journalists’ Journalist of the Year Award (1986); George Foster Peabody Award for Excellence in Broadcast Journalism ( NewsHour’s Apartheid’s People); Sidney Hillman Award (1990); National Urban Coalition’s Distinguished Urban Reporting Award; and two awards from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting for excellence in local programming.

For additional information on Charlayne Hunter-Gault and UGA desegregation see:

“Charlayne Hunter-Gault (b. 1942),” New Georgia Encyclopedia.

Robert A. Pratt, We Shall Not Be Moved: The Desegregation of the University of Georgia (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2002).

Calvin Trillin, An Education in Georgia: Charlayne Hunter, Hamilton Holmes, and the Integration of the University of Georgia (1964; reprint, Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1991).

Scope and Content

These papers primarily document public reaction to the integration of the University of Georgia and Hunter-Gault’s professional activities as national correspondent and anchor for MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour. Correspondence to University Dean of Students Dr. Joseph Williams in 1961 reflects both students’ and state residents’ opinions regarding desegregation. Other materials include Dr. John C. Belcher’s research files and transcripts of oral histories he conducted documenting the integration of the university. Also included is correspondence sent to Hunter-Gault regarding her reporting for the MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour from 1979 until 1988.

Organization and Arrangement

This collection is organized into five series: University of Georgia, Journalism, In My Place, Personal, and Audiovisual [see separate finding aid for AV].


Administrative Information and Restrictions

Preferred Citation

Charlayne Hunter-Gault Papers, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Georgia, 30602-1641.

User Restrictions

Library acts as "fair use" reproduction agent.

Copyright Information

Before material from collections at the Richard B. Russell Library may be quoted in print, or otherwise reproduced, in whole or in part, in any publication, permission must be obtained from (1) the owner of the physical property, and (2) the holder of the copyright. It is the particular responsibility of the researcher to obtain both sets of permissions. Persons wishing to quote from materials in the Russell Library collection should consult the Director. Reproduction of any item must contain a complete citation to the original.

Finding Aid Publication

Finding aid prepared by Russell staff, 2012.


Related Materials

Access Points

Audiovisual.
College integration--Georgia--Athens--History.
Journalism--United States.
Journalism.
MacNeil/Lehrer newshour.
Photographs.
School integration--Georgia.
Segregation--Georgia.
University of Georgia.
Women.

Related Collections in this Repository

Bill Shipp Papers

Foot Soldier Project for Civil Rights Studies and Research Collection

Walter Stovall Papers

S. Ernest Vandiver, Jr. Papers

Clifford H. (Baldy) Baldowski Editorial Cartoons

Walter A. Lundy Files, Red and Black (Fall 1953) Integration Issue Papers

Stovall and McKay Families Papers

Related Collections in Other Repositories

University of Georgia Integration Material, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library

WSB-TV Newsfilm Collection, Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection

Hamilton Holmes Papers, King Center


Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 

I. University of Georgia

Extent: 17.0 folders
Scope and Content: This series documents Charlayne Hunter-Gault’s and Hamilton Holmes’ admission to the University of Georgia. Correspondence to the university’s Dean of Students Joseph Williams documents both student and general public opinions regarding the integration of UGA. There are also files related to Dr. John C. Belcher’s oral history project to document the integration of the university. These files include his research, transcripts of the oral histories, and a few clippings. Two files contain memorabilia kept by Hunter-Gault from her time at the university, including student handbooks. There is also a scrapbook of clippings, mostly from 1961, documenting the integration of UGA.
BoxFolder
I.11Correspondence and clippings sent to Dean of Students Joseph Williams, 1961
I.12Correspondence and clippings sent to Dean of Students Joseph Williams, 1961 January
I.13Correspondence and clippings sent to Dean of Students Joseph Williams [includes copies of letters sent to Ernest Vandiver, O.C. Aderhold, and George L. Smith], 1961
I.14Correspondence and clippings sent to Dean of Students Joseph Williams [includes copies of letters sent to Ernest Vandiver and O.C. Aderhold], 1961
I.15Correspondence, clippings, and memorabilia kept by Charlayne, 1961
I.16UGA handbooks, student guides, Wesley Crusader newsletter, 1961
I.17Clippings, 1960-1961
I.18Clippings, 1961
I.19Holmes and Hunter v. University of Georgia court transcript volume 3, 1960
I.110“A Report on Juvenal” by Charlayne Hunter, 1962
I.111Dr. John C. Belcher – UGA integration oral history project [correspondence and clippings], 1974-1976
I.112Dr. John C. Belcher – UGA integration oral history project [correspondence and research], 1974
I.113FBI Data – Integration Issue [Belcher FOIA request regarding UGA integration], [circa 1976]
I.114Interview with Paul Kea, Assistant Director of Admissions, 1977 June 2
I.115Integration Issue at UGA oral history transcripts Vol. 1 [Dean Tate, Lester Walker, Stanley Ainsworth, Robert Ayers, R. Krapps, Frank Gibson, Albert Jones, George Parthemous, Roger Thomas, Robert Dince, James L. Green, George Abney, Pete Range], 1974-1975
I.116Integration Issue at UGA oral history transcripts Vol. 2 [Worth McDougald, Howard Smith, Kenneth Coleman, Joe Williams, Louis Griffith, William Hudson, Walter Danner, Pete McCommons, Roy Harris, Nick Beadles,, 1975
I.117Integration Issue at UGA oral history transcripts Vol. 3 [James Popovitch, Horace Montgomery, Judge Barrow, Bucky Redwine, Chappelle Matthews, Dean Tate, Calvin Brown], 1975-1976
BoxFolder
I.21Scrapbook [poor condition], 1960-1963
 

II. Journalism

Extent: 26.0 folders
Scope and Content: This series consists primarily of correspondence received by Hunter-Gault, between 1977 and 1988, when she served as a national correspondent and anchor on the MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour. Some of the correspondence includes copies of her replies. There are also twenty press passes from various events.
BoxFolder
II.11WRC-TV press release on D.C. public schools, 1968
II.12Correspondence, 1977-1978
II.13Correspondence, 1979
II.14Correspondence, 1979
II.15Correspondence, 1980
II.16Correspondence, 1981
II.17Correspondence, 1982-1983
II.18Correspondence, 1983
II.19Correspondence, 1984
II.110Correspondence, 1984
II.111Correspondence, 1984
II.112Correspondence, 1984
II.113Correspondence, 1984
II.114Correspondence, 1985
II.115Correspondence, 1985
II.116Correspondence, 1986
II.117Correspondence, 1986
BoxFolder
II.21Correspondence, 1986
II.22Correspondence, 1986
II.23Correspondence, 1987
II.24Correspondence, 1987
II.25Correspondence, 1987
II.26Correspondence, 1988
II.27Questions for President Zuma, New Yorker profile, 2010
II.28Notes on Eritrean-Ethiopian War, undated
BoxFolder
II.31Press passes, 1999-2010
 

III. In My Place

Extent: 15.0 folders
Scope and Content: This series contains several drafts and proofs of Charlayne Hunter-Gault’s autobiography In My Place.
BoxFolder
III.11-15Proofs and drafts of In My Place, research material on Due West
 

IV. Personal

Extent: 7.0 folders
Scope and Content: The personal files include H. M. Turner High School senior publication, Hi-Lite; two awards presented to Charlayne; greeting cards; and several photographs.
BoxFolder
IV.11Hi-Lite [H.M. Turner High School senior publication], 1959
IV.12Women’s Day, St. Philip AME, 1977
IV.13Certificate of Honor, Barnard College, 1989 April 5
IV.14Shuttleworth Human Rights Award, 2011
IV.15Short story about desegregation, undated
IV.16Greeting cards, 2011-2012
IV.17Photographs, 2007, undated
 

V. Audiovisual Materials

Extent: 1.0 item
Conditions Governing Access note: Reference copies of the audiovisual recordings are available upon request. Research requests will be filled as soon as possible and will be dependent upon the condition of the recordings.
item
UC RBRL/043/CHG/DVD_0001Tubman African American Museum, Shelia Award Banquet, Charlayne Hunter-Gault, circa 2003
Extent: 1.0 moving image