Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection, Subgroup C, Series XVI: InternationalRichard B. Russell, Jr. Collection, Subgroup C, Series XVI: International

Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection, Subgroup C, Series XVI: International

Descriptive Summary

Title: Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection, Subgroup C, Series XVI: International
Creator: Russell, Richard B., (Richard Brevard), 1897-1971
Dates: 1942-1971
Extent: 42.0 boxes (20.75 linear feet)
Collection Number: RBRL/001/RBR
Repository: Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
Abstract: The Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection, Subgroup C, Series XVI: International consists of correspondence and printed material relating to international regions, countries, cities, topics, and incidents. It is subdivided into general correspondence and subject files. General correspondence contains writings and materials of a general international nature. The Subject files include correspondence and materials pertaining to specific geographic regions, such as Africa and the Middle East, and countries such as Cuba, Angola, the Dominican Republic and Vietnam. Materials relating to the British Loan (1942-1946), the Berlin Crisis, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Pueblo Incident, and the Dominican Republic Crisis of 1965 are located in these files. Any additional non-textual materials originally filed with papers were removed for preservation purposes and improved access. These materials include photographs, audiovisual items, scrapbooks, vertical files, memorabilia, and books.

Collection Description

Biographical Note

Richard B. Russell Jr. served in public office for fifty years as a state legislator, governor of Georgia, and U.S. senator. Although Russell was best known for his efforts to strengthen the national defense and to oppose civil rights legislation, he favored his role as advocate for the small farmer and for soil and water conservation. Russell also worked to bring economic opportunities to Georgia. He helped to secure or maintain fifteen military installations; more than twenty-five research facilities, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Russell Agricultural Research Center; and federal funding for development and construction. Russell believed that his most important legislative contribution was his authorship and secured passage of the National School Lunch Program in 1946.

Serving in the U.S. Senate from 1933 until his death in 1971, Russell was one of that body's most respected members. Secretary of State Dean Rusk called him the most powerful and influential man in Washington, D.C., for a period of about twenty years, second only to the president. Russell attained that position of power through his committee assignments—specifically a total of sixteen years as the chair of the Armed Services Committee and a career-long position on the Appropriations Committee, serving as its chair for his last two years in the Senate. In large measure he determined the agricultural and defense legislation considered by the Senate, as well as matters affecting the federal budget. During the twentieth century Russell, along with Carl Vinson in the U.S. House of Representatives, was undeniably among the nation's foremost experts on military and defense policy. An advisor to six presidents and a 1952 candidate for president, Russell ended his career as president pro tempore of the Senate, making him third in the line of presidential succession.

Richard Brevard Russell Jr. was born in Winder on November 2, 1897, to Richard B. Russell Sr., a lawyer, state legislator, businessman, and judge, and Ina Dillard Russell, a teacher. He was the fourth child, and first son, of what became a family of thirteen children. Russell was related to Marietta's Brumby family through his paternal grandmother, Rebecca Harriette Brumby, and in the 1950s his cousin, Otis A. Brumby Jr., worked for him as a Senate page.

His education began at home, where a governess taught Russell and his siblings until 1910. From 1911 to 1913 and again in 1915 he attended the Gordon Institute in Barnesville, and he graduated in 1914 from the Seventh District Agricultural and Mechanical School (later John McEachern High School) in Powder Springs. In 1915, he entered the University of Georgia and was active in various social groups, including the Sigma Alpha Epsilon social fraternity, the Gridiron Club, the Jeffersonian Law Society, and the Phi Kappa Literary Society. He graduated in 1918 with a Bachelor of Laws degree.

After practicing law for more than a year, Russell was elected in 1920 to the Georgia House of Representatives, becoming at age twenty-three one of the youngest members of that body. He received appointments to various committees and, building on friendships from his school days, advanced quickly in the political arena. He was elected Speaker pro tempore by the state house in 1923 and 1925. In 1927 he was elected Speaker of the House and remained in that position until 1931.

In the state legislature Russell advocated building and improving highways, supported public education, and called for reducing the control of special-interest groups in order to develop a fiscally responsible and efficient state government. He took the same agenda to the people in April 1930, when he announced his candidacy for governor. Russell battled a field of seasoned candidates to win the gubernatorial election. His victory was attributed to a grassroots campaign and his skill in canvassing voters door-to-door across Georgia.

Becoming Georgia's youngest governor in the twentieth century, Russell took the oath of office in June 1931. During his eighteen-month tenure, his most significant achievement was a comprehensive reorganization of the state government, which was accomplished by reducing the number of agencies from 102 to 17. A highlight of this reorganization was the creation of the University System of Georgia, with the Board of Regents as the single governing body over all state colleges and universities. Russell cut state expenditures by 20 percent, balanced the budget without cutting salaries (other than his own), and honored $2.8 million in delinquent obligations.

The death of U.S. Senator William J. Harris in 1932 opened the door for Russell to enter national politics. On April 25, Governor Russell appointed John S. Cohen, publisher of the Atlanta Journal, as interim senator and announced his own candidacy for election to Harris's unexpired term, which ran until 1937. After a tough campaign, Russell was victorious against Charles Crisp, a veteran congressman. Russell's only other contested U.S. Senate election occurred in 1936, when he defeated Georgia Governor Eugene Talmadge.

Russell entered the U.S. Senate in 1933 as the youngest member and a strong supporter of U.S. presidential candidate Franklin D. Roosevelt. Seeing the New York governor as the leader who could end the Great Depression, Russell had detoured from his own campaign to attend the Democratic National Convention and to make a seconding speech for Roosevelt's nomination. The two men had become acquainted during the 1920s, when Roosevelt often visited Warm Springs. After Roosevelt was elected president, Russell marked his first decade in the Senate by ensuring the passage of Roosevelt's New Deal programs.

Russell was awarded an unheard-of freshman spot on the important Appropriations Committee, and he became chairman of its subcommittee on agriculture, a post he retained throughout his career. Russell deeply believed in the significance of agriculture in American society. Representing a mostly rural Georgia, he focused on legislation to assist the small farmer, including the Farm Security Administration, the Farmers Home Administration, the Agricultural Adjustment Act, the Rural Electrification Act, the Tennessee Valley Authority, the Resettlement Administration, commodity price supports, and soil conservation. A major participant in the Farm Bloc, he worked with a bipartisan group of senators who were committed to increasing the success rate for individual farmers.

In 1933, Russell was appointed to the Naval Affairs Committee, and he continued to serve when that committee and the Military Affairs Committee were reorganized in 1946 to form the Armed Services Committee. Russell served on the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy, the Central Intelligence Agency's congressional oversight committee, and the Aeronautical and Space Sciences Committee, as well as on the Democratic Policy and Democratic Steering committees from their inceptions. After World War II (1941-1945), Russell's seniority and strong committee assignments, following a congressional reorganization, placed him in key power positions both legislatively and politically.

Russell began contesting civil rights legislation as early as 1935, when an anti-lynching bill was introduced in Congress. By 1938 he led the Southern Bloc in resisting such federal legislation based on the unconstitutionality of its provisions. The Southern Bloc argued that these provisions were infringements on states' rights. By continually blocking passage of a cloture rule in the Senate, Russell preserved unlimited debate as a method for halting or weakening civil rights legislation. Over the next three decades, through filibuster and Russell's command of the Senate's parliamentary rules and precedents, the Southern Bloc stymied all civil rights legislation.

By 1964, however, American society and the U.S. Senate itself had changed dramatically, and the strongest civil rights bill up to that time passed overwhelmingly. Once the Civil Rights Act of 1964 became law, Russell urged compliance and counseled against any violence or forcible resistance; he was the only opponent of the bill to do so.

Russell was a defender of white southern traditions and values. Much of his opposition to civil rights legislation stemmed from his belief that "South haters" were its primary supporters and that life and culture in the South would be forever changed. He believed in white supremacy and a separate but equal society, but he did not promote hatred or acts of violence in order to defend these beliefs. His arguments for maintaining segregation were drawn as much from constitutional beliefs in a Jeffersonian government that both emphasizes a division of federal and state powers and fosters personal and economic freedom as they were from notions of race.

Russell's stand on civil rights was costly to the nation and to Russell himself. It contributed to his defeat in a bid for the presidency, often diverted him from other legislative and appointed business, limited his ability to accept change, weakened his health, and tainted his record historically.

During World War II, Russell led a special committee of five senators around the world to visit the war theaters and to report on the status of American troops. He expanded his views on national defense during this time to include strategic international bases for ensuring security and maintaining world stability. At the same time he did not abandon his isolationism, for he was not eager to place America in the role of world policeman. Neither Russell nor his father supported United Nations membership. Russell also had little faith in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization as a peacekeeping force, and he was concerned that American-supplied arms to an allied country would fall into the hands of an aggressor. After 1945 Russell agreed with very little American foreign policy. Specifically, he opposed large foreign-aid expenditures when they caused a budget deficit for defense. He believed America's best defense was a military power so strong that no other nation could challenge it successfully.

In 1951, President Harry Truman removed General Douglas MacArthur as commander in the Far East. As chair of the joint Senate committee investigating MacArthur's dismissal, Russell conducted hearings that set the model for congressional inquiry. Many national newspapers praised Russell for his skill in defusing the situation, and he gained a reputation as one of the most powerful men in the Senate.

As the United States and the Soviet Union squared off, Russell strongly supported a military buildup, for which he insisted on civilian oversight or control. As chair of the Armed Services Committee, he started its Military Preparedness Subcommittee. He was a leader in establishing the Atomic Energy Commission, in setting up an independent Central Intelligence Agency, and in placing space exploration and development in the hands of both civilians and the military.

In 1954, Russell spoke against American military support of the French in Vietnam. A stalwart nationalist, he favored military force only when America's interests were directly threatened. He reiterated this sentiment in 1967, when the Johnson administration sent cargo planes to the Congo. Russell fought against rapid deployment, believing that the United States would always find reason to intervene in other nations' conflicts once its military had the ability to engage quickly in some far-flung battle. On June 25, 1969, the Senate passed the National Commitments Resolution, which Russell, along with Senator J. W. Fulbright, was instrumental in drafting. The resolution reasserted the Senate's right to be a participant in the making of commitments by the United States.

As the Johnson administration escalated the war in Vietnam, Russell still could not see a prevailing reason for America's involvement. During the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962, he had advocated military action in what he saw as a direct Communist threat to the nation. Upholding the Monroe Doctrine, in this case, was of vital interest to the nation and its hemisphere. With Vietnam, Russell, who believed deeply in the presidency, found himself supporting four administrations as America descended into the quagmire. While he advised the presidents to "go in and win—or get out," he could neither prevail with full-scale military power nor find diplomatic solutions. Once the flag was committed, however, so was Russell. Though frustrated by policy and critical of war tactics, he did all he could to support U.S. troops by assuring that they had the best equipment and supplies and by monitoring defense appropriations.

Pursued by colleagues to accept the Senate majority leadership, Russell steadfastly refused because he wanted "absolute independence of thought and action." Instead, he promoted his young protégé Lyndon Johnson, who became the majority whip and, later, the majority leader. This was the beginning of Johnson's rise to power, and he would not have succeeded so quickly without Russell's favor.

Russell's name was twice put forward for nomination as the Democratic candidate for president. Although not a formal candidate in 1948 and not in attendance at the convention, he received 263 votes from 10 southern states that were looking for an alternative to Truman and his civil rights platform. Russell refused to join the Dixiecrats, who subsequently broke away from the party to form their own slate. In 1952 he announced his candidacy and went on to win the Florida primary. His agenda included a strong statement for local and states' rights against a growing federal centralization. At the convention he received a high of 294 votes from 23 states and lost on the third ballot to Adlai Stevenson.

In 1963, President Lyndon Johnson appointed a reluctant Russell to the President's Commission on the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy, or the Warren Commission, as it came to be known. Russell rejected the single-bullet theory, as did Texas governor John Connally, who had been wounded in the attack on Kennedy. Thinking "so much possible evidence was beyond [the commission's] reach," Russell insisted that Earl Warren qualify the commission's findings to read that they found "no evidence" that Oswald "was part of any conspiracy, domestic or foreign." Compromise with Russell was the only way Warren obtained a unanimous report.

Russell devoted his life to public service. His love of the Senate and its traditions was most evident in his own example of conduct and leadership. Russell earned the respect and admiration of his most ardent opponents for his integrity, intellect, modesty, and fairness.

Although he never married, Russell dated regularly over the years. In 1938, his engagement to an attorney ended because the couple could not reconcile differences over her Catholic faith; he later wrote that the failed relationship was his one regret. Throughout his life, Russell set his course to follow the direction of Russell Sr., who told his seven sons that although not all of them could be brilliant or successful, they could all be honorable. Russell died of complications from emphysema at Walter Reed Hospital in Washington, D.C., on January 21, 1971. He lay in state at the Georgia state capitol, where President Richard Nixon visited to pay his respects.

The following year Russell's colleagues passed Senate Resolution 296 naming his old office building the Richard Brevard Russell Senate Office Building. Subsequently, a nuclear-powered submarine, a federal courthouse in Atlanta, a state highway, a dam and lake, and various structures would bear his name. Russell is buried in his family's cemetery behind the Russell home in Winder.

Scope and Content

Subgroup C, Series XVI. International consists of correspondence and printed material relating to international regions, countries, cities, topics, and incidents. It is subdivided into general correspondence and subject files. General correspondence contains writings and materials of a general international nature. The Subject files include correspondence and materials pertaining to specific geographic regions, such as Africa and the Middle East, and countries such as Cuba, Angola, the Dominican Republic and Vietnam. Materials relating to the British Loan (1942-1946), the Berlin Crisis, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Pueblo Incident, and the Dominican Republic Crisis of 1965 are located in these files.

Organization and Arrangement

Subgroup C, Series XVI. International is organized into two subseries: correspondence and subject files.


Administrative Information and Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Case mail, cross-reference copies, and military academies are closed. Additional files are restricted throughout the collection, as noted in the container listing.

Preferred Citation

Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, The University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Georgia.

Processing Notes

Clippings have been copied onto bond paper for protection of content. Artifacts, photographs, books, and audiovisual materials have been separated for preservation purposes and inventoried.

User Restrictions

Library acts as "fair use" reproduction agent.

Copyright Information

Before material from collections at the Richard B. Russell Library may be quoted in print, or otherwise reproduced, in whole or in part, in any publication, permission must be obtained from (1) the owner of the physical property, and (2) the holder of the copyright. It is the particular responsibility of the researcher to obtain both sets of permissions. Persons wishing to quote from materials in the Russell Library collection should consult the Director. Reproduction of any item must contain a complete citation to the original.

Finding Aid Publication

Finding aid prepared by Russell staff, 2008.


Related Materials

Access Points

Korean War, 1950-1953--United States.
Legislators--Georgia.
Legislators--United States.
MacArthur, Douglas, 1880-1964.
Russell, Richard B., (Richard Brevard), 1897-1971
United States--Foreign policy--1933-1945.
United States--Foreign policy--1945-1989.
United States--Foreign relations--1933-1945.
United States--Foreign relations--1945-1989.
United States. Congress. Senate.
United States. Congress. Senate. Special Committee Investigating the National Defense Program.
Vietnam War, 1961-1975.
World War, 1939-1945--United States.

Related Collections in this Repository

Richard B. Russell, Sr. Papers

Russell Family Collection

Patience Elizabeth Russell Peterson Papers

Hugh Peterson, Sr. Papers

Herman E. Talmadge Collection

Lamartine G. Hardman Collection

Related Collections in Other Repositories

John C. Stennis Papers, Mitchell Memorial Library, Mississippi State University

Lyndon B. Johnson Papers, Lyndon B. Johnson Library

Richard B. Russell, Jr. Gubernatorial Papers, Georgia Department of Archives and History

U.S. Senate. Committee on Appropriations, Center for Legislative Archives, NARA

U.S. Senate. Committee on Armed Services, Center for Legislative Archives, NARA


Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 

Subgroup C. United States Senatorial Papers

Scope and Content: This subgroup of papers comprehensively reveals Richard Russell's activities as a United States senator representing the state of Georgia. The papers are divided into twenty series, two of which are closed; some files are restricted. Closed or restricted files are governed by donor agreement, Executive Orders, or privacy considerations. Not many files survived from Russell's first eleven years in office; the main series for this time period are Early Office, Political, Political Patronage, Personal, and a few files in General. In 1943 and 1944, Russell's staff members reorganized the office filing system, and from that point on, the files are very complete.
The 1943 filing system places the incoming letter with a copy of Russell's reply (the yellows) attached, and the correspondence is filed by subject; these files compose the majority of the senatorial papers. Subsequent letters from the constituent and copies of Russell's replies on the same subject continued to be attached to the original correspondence and filed under the date of the latest communication from Russell. Theoretically, at the end of each Congress, these files would have been retired to storage (with the possible exception of case mail); in practice, however, there was no consistency to the length of time the subject files were retained in the active status. To respect provenance of the files and to preserve the utility of the cross reference copies, the subject files are subdivided so that within each series they are arranged chronologically by the most recent date of correspondence (with all other correspondence attached thereto). A second copy of a Russell letter (the pinks, or Cross-Reference Copies Series) was made and filed separately by correspondent's surname in a chronological file. Intra-Office Communications and Speech/Media are form files. If Russell personally dictated any portion of a letter or added a postscript, two extra copies on onionskin paper (one for the Winder office and one for the Washington office) were made and filed by subject (Dictation Series), separate from the yellow and pink copies.The flexibility of the system allowed for much divergence in filing according to the discretion of the staff member involved. Thus, as personnel changed, their interpretations on how broad or specific they should be were reflected in the filing system itself. For example, "Foreign Aid" under the General Series and "Foreign Relations" under Legislative Series. The filing system indicates that correspondence relating to proposed or pending legislation was filed under committee in Legislative and relating to action taken on passed legislation or programs administered by government agencies was filed accordingly in General. In reality, two subject headings as similar as foreign aid and foreign relations could easily be interfiled.For the most part, original order was maintained for the senatorial papers. Exceptions are Civil Rights and MacArthur Hearings Series, which were originally part of the Legislative Series. These were separated because of their research potential and the influence Senator Russell had in each area. The Barboura G. Raesly File was added to the papers subsequent to the library's establishment and contains records and materials she kept in her position as personal secretary to Russell. The Exhibit B Series, which was closed by donor agreement, contains files pulled from other series and maintained separately. When files in this series opened, Exhibit B was arranged as a parallel file to the other senatorial papers series.



XVI. International, 1942-1971

Extent: 42.0 boxes
Scope and Contents note: The International series consists of correspondence and printed material relating to international regions, countries, cities, topics, and incidents. It is subdivided into general correspondence and subject files. General correspondence contains writings and materials of a general international nature. The Subject files include correspondence and materials pertaining to specific geographic regions, such as Africa and the Middle East, and countries such as Cuba, Angola, the Dominican Republic and Vietnam. Materials relating to the British Loan (1942-1946), the Berlin Crisis, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Pueblo Incident, and the Dominican Republic Crisis of 1965 are located in these files.
A. General, 1943-1970
BoxFolder
111970 July 7-October 30
121970 February 23-June 25
131969 July 3-December 31
141969 June 3-June 26
151969 April 3-May 29
161969 February 1-March 29
171969 January 4-January 28
181969 January 17
191968 November 8,-December 30
1101968 September 16-October 22
BoxFolder
211968 August 9-August 31
221968 January 11-July 15
23Material, 1968
241967 August 2-December 29
251967 July 5-July 26
261967 March 2-June 27
271967 January 4-February 28
28Material, 1967
291966 December 19-December 27
2101966 October 7-December 8
2111966 July 11-September 26
2121966 June 1-June 29
BoxFolder
311966 April 15-May 27
321966 March 11-April 14
331966 January 5-March 7
34Unanswered, 1965-1966
351965 September 1-December 15
361965 June 1-August 31
371965 March 11-May 25
3819654 January 1-February 28
391964 September 7-December 31
3101964 July 6-August 26
3111964 June 4-June 30
3121964 May 14-May 28
BoxFolder
411964 April 17-May 13
421964 January 2-March 23
43Material Folder I, 1953-1964
44Material Folder II, 1953-1964
451963 October 26-December 30
461963 August 2-October 14
471963 April 5-July 17
481963 January 9-March 18
491962 August 7-December 28
4101962 January 11-July 11
4111961 October 2-December 29
4121961 June 1-September 26
BoxFolder
511961 February 21-May 28
521961 January 3-February 14
531960 September 6-November 22
541960 June 1-August 22
551960 May 16-May 28
561960 January 2-May 13
571959 September 2-December 18
581959 January 14-August 27
59 1958 October 1-November 15
510 1958 September 2-September 29
512 1958 January 3-July 22
BoxFolder
611957 March 7-December 9
621957 March 1-March 6
631957 February 22-February 28
64 1957 February 11-February 21
651957 January 9-February 9
661956
BoxFolder
511 1958 July 23-August 27
BoxFolder
671955 January 27-December 4
681954 February 5-December 8
691951 March 2-1953 June 9
6101951 January 4-February 3
6111950 March 28-December 27
612Material, 1950-1952
BoxFolder
711948
72Material, 1948-1949
73Material, 1947 May-December
74Material, 1943-1947 April
B. Subject Files, 1942-1971
1. Africa
BoxFolder
811969
821967
83Material, 1961-1963
2. Angola
BoxFolder
84Material, 1964
85Material, 1962
3. Berlin
BoxFolder
86undated
871969
881968
891965
810Material, 1962-1963
8111961 September 6-December 20
8121961 August 1-August 31
8131961 June 15 -July 31
8141959
4. Biafra
BoxFolder
8151969-1970
5. British Loan
BoxFolder
816British Loans, 1942-1946
817British Letters on Senator’s Proposal-For, 1947
818British Letters on Senator’s Proposal-Against, Folder I, 1947
819British Letters on Senator’s Proposal-Against, Folder II, 1947
6. Cambodia
BoxFolder
91Robo Letters—Anti-President, 1970
92Robo Letters—Anti-President, 1970
93Robo Letters—Anti-President, 1970
94Robo Letters—Anti-President, 1970
95Robo Letters—Anti-President, 1970
96Robo Letters—Anti-President, 1970
97Robo Letters—Anti-President, 1970
98Robo Letters—Anti-President, 1970
99Robo Letters—Anti-President, 1970
910Robo Letters—Anti-President, 1970
911Robo Letters—Anti-President, 1970
BoxFolder
101Robo Letters—Pro-President, 1970
102Robo Letters—Pro-President, 1970
103Robo Letters—Pro-President, 1970
104Robo Letters—Pro-President, 1970
105Robo Letters—Pro-President, 1970
106Robo Letters—Pro-President, 1970
107Robo Letters—Pro-President, 1970
108Robo Letters—Pro-President, 1970
109Robo Letters—Pro-President, 1970
1010Robo Letters—Pro-President, 1970
1011Robo Letters—Pro-President, 1970
1012Robo Letters—Pro-President, 1970
BoxFolder
111Robo Letters—Pro-President, 1970
112Robo Letters—Pro-President, 1970
113Robo Letters—Pro-President, 1970
114Robo Letters—Pro-President, 1970
115Robo Letters—Pro-President, 1970
116Robo Letters—RBR Critical, 1970
7. China
BoxFolder
1171970
1181969
1191968
11101966-1967
11111965
11121964
11131962
11141961
11151959
8. Communism
BoxFolder
11161970
11171969
11181968
11191957, 1963-1965
1120Senator’s Request, 1954
9. Congo
BoxFolder
1211969
1221967 July 18-August 18
1231967 July 11-July 17
1241965
1251964
1261963 August 1
1271963 January 21-February 14
1281963 January 3-January 17
129Unanswered Letters, 1963
1210 1962 January 13-September 19
1211 1962 January 1-January 12
12121961 December 22-December 29
12131961 December 16-December 21
12141961 December 12-December 15
12151961 February 10-December 11
10. Cuba
BoxFolder
1311970
1321969
1331968
1341966-1967
1351965
1361964
137Material, 1963-1968
1381963 September 9-December 30
1391963 July 1-August 27
13101963 May 1-June 28
13111963 April 1-April 23
13121963 March 1-March 29
13131963 February 19-February 28
BoxFolder
1411963 February 11 -February 18
1421963 February 1-February
1431963 January 21-January 31
1441963 January 1-January 18
145Unanswered Mail, 1963 February 1-April 27
146Unanswered Mail, 1963 January 2-January 30
147Unanswered Mail, 1963
148Material, 1962
149 1962 December 14-December 30
1410 1962December 11-December 13
1411 1962 December 3-December 10
BoxFolder
151Unanswered Mail, 1962 December
152Out of State, 1962 December 19
153Out of State, 1962 December 13 -December 18
154Out of State, 1962 December 1 -December 12
155 1962 November 14 -November 30
156 1962 November 6 -November 13
157 1962 November 1-November 5
158 1962 October 27 -October 31
159 1962 October 22 -October 26
1510 1962 October 1 -October 18
1511Unanswered Mail, 1962 October-November
BoxFolder
161Robo Letters, 1962 October 24-November 3
162Out of State, 1962 October 26 -November 2
163Out of State, 1962 October 25
164Out of State, 1962 August 14-October 24
165 1962 September 24-September 29
166 1962 September 18-September 22
167 1962 September 11-September 17
168 1962 January 17-September 10
169Unanswered Mail, 1962 January-September
BoxFolder
1711961 September 11-December 27
1721961 August 10-August 22
1731961 August 3-August 9
1741961 July 3-July 31
1751961 June 8-June 29
1761961 June 1-June 7
1771961 May 26-May 31
1781961 May 1-May 25
1791961 April 19-April 29
17101961 March 7-March 9
17111960 August 151960-December 22
17121960 January 14-July 15
11. Dominican Republic
BoxFolder
17131966
17141965
12. France
BoxFolder
1811968
1821967
1831966
1841965
13. Germany
BoxFolder
1851970
14. Ghana
BoxFolder
1861967
187Material, 1961
15. India
BoxFolder
188India, 1965-1967
189India, 1963
1810Unanswered Letters, 1963
1811Material, 1961-1962
16. Iraq
BoxFolder
1812Execution of Jews, 1963 Feb
17. Israel
BoxFolder
18131970
18141969
18151968
18161967
18171964
18181962
18. Japan
BoxFolder
18191970
18201969
19. Korea
BoxFolder
191Korea, 1971
192Korea, 1969 September 17-December 1
193Korea, 1969 January 4-September 11
194Korea- Special File—Pueblo, 1969 February 10-May 6
195Korea- Special File—Pueblo, 1969 January 3-February 8
196Korea- Pueblo—Critical, 1968, 1969
197Korea- Pueblo—Pro, Folder I, 1968, 1969
198Korea- Pueblo—Pro, Folder II, 1968, 1969
199Korea- Pueblo—Pro, Folder III, 1968, 1969
1910Korea- Pueblo—Out of State Folder I, 1969
1911Korea- Pueblo—Out of State Folder II, 1969
1912Korea- North Korean Incident [Robos] (Shooting down of plane), 1969
BoxFolder
201Korea, 1968 August 1-December 31
202Korea, 1968 July 2-July 31
203Korea, 1968 May 2-June 27
204Korea, 1968 March 5-April 19
205Korea, 1968 February 1-February 29
206Korea, 1968 January 29-January 31
207Korea, 1968 January 28
208Korea, 1968 January 23-January 27
209Korea- Special File—Pueblo, 1968 March 11-August 5
2010Korea- Pueblo—(Korea)—Out of State, 1968 January 26-February 5
2011Korea- Pueblo—(Korea)—Out of State, 1968 January 22-January 24
2012Korea- Pueblo—(Korea)—[Robos] Folder I, 1968
2013Korea- Pueblo—(Korea)—[Robos] Folder II, 1968
BoxFolder
211Korea- Material, Folder I, 1950-1955
212Korea- Material, Folder II, 1950-1955
213Korea, 1953 July 3- 1954 November 1
214Korea, 1952 February 12-May 22
215Korea- Material Folder I, 1952-1954
216Korea- Material Folder II, 1952-1954
217Korea, 1951 January 12-July 9
218Korea, 1950 July 10-December 29
20. Laos
BoxFolder
219Laos- [Robos], 1970
2110Laos, 1962
21. Latin America
BoxFolder
21111969
21121968
2113Material, 1967
21141966-1967
21151965
21161963
22. Middle East
BoxFolder
221Middle East, 1970 August 13-December 17
222Middle East, 1970 June 1-July 30
223Middle East, 1970 January 2-April 20
224Middle East- Robos, 1970 September 6-October 6
225Middle East- Robos, 1970 June 5-September 3
226Middle East- Robos, 1970 March 2-June 4
227Middle East- Robos, 1970 February 1-February 22
228Middle East- Robos, 1970 January 22-January 31
229Middle East- Robos, 1970 January 17-January 21
2210Middle East- Robos, 1970 January 13-January 16
2211Middle East- Robos, 1970 January 10-January 12
2212Middle East- Robos, 1970 January 1 -January 9
2213Middle East- Robos—[Arab Terrorists], 1970
2214Middle East- Robos, 1969 December 17-December 31
BoxFolder
231Middle East, 1969
232Middle East- Material, 1969
233Middle East, 1968
234Middle East- Material, 1967
235Middle East, 1967 July 12-November 14
236Middle East, 1967 June 20-July 10
237Middle East, 1967 June 14-June 19
238Middle East, 1967 June 10-June 12
239Middle East, 1967 June 9
2310Middle East, 1967 June 5-June 8
2311Middle East, 1967 June 1-June 3
2312Middle East, 1963
2313Middle East, 1962
2314Middle East- Material, 1957
23. Okinawa
BoxFolder
241Robo Letters, 1970
242Robo Letters, 1969
24. Philippines
BoxFolder
243Material Folder I, 1966
244Material Folder II, 1966
25. Rhodesia
BoxFolder
245[1970]
2461969
2471968
2481967 May 17-November 7
2491967 March 1-April 28
24101967 February 1-February 28
24111967 January 6 -January 24
26. Russia
BoxFolder
2412Russia, 1971
2413Russia- [Robos—Leningrad Trials], 1970
2414Russia, 1970
2415Russia, 1969
27. South Africa
BoxFolder
24161970
24171969
24181968
24191967 April 11-August 23
24201967 February 7-March 3
28. South America
BoxFolder
24211961
29. United Nations
BoxFolder
251United Nations, 1970
252United Nations, 1969
253United Nations, 1968
254United Nations, 1967 May 2-December 27
255United Nations, 1967 January 31-April 17
256United Nations, 1966 October 3-December 9
257United Nations, 1966 September 6-September 30
258United Nations, 1966 May 3-August 29
259United Nations, 1966 January 20-April 29
2510United Nations, 1965
2511United Nations- Senator’s Dictation, 1965
2512United Nations, 1964
2513United Nations, 1963 June 8-December 16
2514United Nations, 1963 March 1-May 29
2515United Nations, 1963 January 2-February 28
BoxFolder
261United Nations- Unanswered, 1962-1963
262United Nations, 1962 September 4-December 20
263United Nations, 1962 May 4-August 27
264United Nations, 1962 April 13-April 30
265United Nations, 1962 April 2-April 12
266United Nations, 1962 March 1-March 31
267United Nations, 1962 February 12-February 26
268United Nations, 1962 February 1-February 10
269United Nations, 1962 January 25-January 31
2610United Nations, 1962 January 19-January 24
2611United Nations, 1962 January 15 -January 18
2612United Nations, 1962 January 11-January 13
2613United Nations, 1962 January 10
BoxFolder
271United Nations, 1962 January 9
272United Nations, 1962 January 2-January 8
273United Nations- Material, 1962
274United Nations- Bond Issue—[Unanswered-Out of State] Folder I, 1961-1962
275United Nations- Bond Issue—[Unanswered-Out of State] Folder II, 1961-1962
276United Nations- Bond Issue—[Unanswered-Out of State] Folder III, 1961-1962
277United Nations- Bond Issue—[Unanswered-Out of State] Folder IV, 1961-1962
278United Nations, 1961 September 14-December 29
279United Nations, 1961January 11-September 13
2710United Nations, 1959
2711United Nations, 1951-1957
2712United Nations- Material, 1954
30. Vatican
BoxFolder
27131970
27141969
27151968
27161965
27171964
27181963
27191961-1962
27201959-1960
27211950-1956
27221940, 1951, 1952, 1955
31. Vietnam
BoxFolder
281Vietnam, 1970 January 1-February 4
282Vietnam, 1970 December 1-December 23
283Vietnam, 1970 October 2-November 30
284Vietnam, 1970 September 1-September 30
285Vietnam, 1970 August 3-August 31
286Vietnam, 1970 July 1-July 28
287Vietnam, 1970 June 15-June 29
288Vietnam, 1970 June 5-June 12
289Vietnam, 1970 June 1-June 4
2810Vietnam, 1970 May 25-May 28
2811Vietnam, 1970 May 16-May 23
BoxFolder
291Vietnam, 1970 May 12-May 15
292Vietnam, 1970 May 4 -May 11
293Vietnam, 1970 April 21 -April 30
294Vietnam, 1970 April 1-April 20
295Vietnam, 1970 March
296Vietnam, 1970 February
297Vietnam, 1970 January
298Vietnam- Material Folder I, 1970
299Vietnam- Material Folder II, 1970
2910Vietnam, 1969 December 10-December 30
2911Vietnam, 1969 December 1-December 9
2912Vietnam, 1969 November 18-November 26
BoxFolder
301Vietnam, 1969 November 11-November 17
302Vietnam, 1969 November 7-November 10
303Vietnam, 1969 November 1-November 6
304Vietnam, 1969 October 22-October 31
305Vietnam, 1969 October 15-October 21
306Vietnam, 1969 October 11-October 14
307Vietnam, 1969 September 18-September 30
308Vietnam, 1969 September 2-September 17
309Vietnam, 1969 August
3010Vietnam, 1969 July
3011Vietnam, 1969 June 3-June 28
BoxFolder
311Vietnam, 1969 May 13-May 29
312Vietnam, 1969 May 1-May 12
313Vietnam, 1969 April 16-April 30
314Vietnam, 1969 April 1-April 15
315Vietnam, 1969 March 11-March 31
316Vietnam, 1969 March 4-March 10
317Vietnam, 1969 February
318Vietnam, 1969 January
319Vietnam- Material Folder I, 1968-1969
3110Vietnam- Material Folder II, 1968-1969
3111Vietnam- Material Folder III, 1968-1969
BoxFolder
321Vietnam, 1968 November 4-December 20
322Vietnam, 1968 October
323Vietnam, 1968 August 9-September 24
324Vietnam, 1968 June 25-July 31
325Vietnam, 1968 June 4-June 21
326Vietnam, 1968 May
327Vietnam, 1968 April 15-April 30
328Vietnam, 1968 April 1-April 10
329Vietnam, 1968 March 22-March 29
3210Vietnam, 1968 March 19-March 21
3211Vietnam, 1968 March 15-March 19
3212Vietnam, 1968 March 12-March 14
BoxFolder
331Vietnam, 1968 March 8-March 11
332Vietnam, 1968 March 6-March 7
333Vietnam, 1968 March 1-March 5
334Vietnam, 1968 February 27-February 29
335Vietnam, 1968 February 23-February 26
336Vietnam, 1968 February 19-February 22
337Vietnam, 1968 February 12-February 17
338Vietnam, 1968 February 1-February 9
339Vietnam, 1968 January
3310Vietnam- Out of State, 1968
3311Vietnam, 1967 December
3312Vietnam, 1967 November 16-November 30
3313Vietnam, 1967 November 2-November 15
BoxFolder
341Vietnam, 1967 October 25-October 31
342Vietnam, 1967 October 19-October 24
343Vietnam, 1967 October 12 -October 17
344Vietnam, 1967 October 2-October 11
345Vietnam, 1967 September 18-September 30
346Vietnam, 1967 September 1-September 15
347Vietnam, 1967 August 22-August 31
348Vietnam, 1967 August 12-August 18
349Vietnam, 1967 August 3-August 11
3410Vietnam, 1967 July 20-July 31
3411Vietnam, 1967 July 12-July 19
3412Vietnam, 1967 July 3-July 11
BoxFolder
351Vietnam, 1967 June 16-June 29
352Vietnam, 1967 June 2-June 15
353Vietnam, 1967 May 19-May 31
354Vietnam, 1967 May 10-May 18
355Vietnam, 1967May 1-May 9
356Vietnam, 1967 April
357Vietnam, 1967 March 21-March 29
358Vietnam, 1967 March 18-March 20
359Vietnam, 1967 March 8-March 17
3510Vietnam, 1967 March 7
3511Vietnam, 1967 March 2-March 6
BoxFolder
361Vietnam, 1967 February 18-February 28
362Vietnam, 1967 February 1-February 17
363Vietnam, 1967 January 26-January 31
364Vietnam, 1967 January 17-January 25
365Vietnam, 1967 January 9-January 13
366Vietnam, 1967 January 3-January 7
367Vietnam- Material Folder I, 1967
368Vietnam- Material Folder II, 1967
369Vietnam, 1966 December 15-December 30
3610Vietnam, 1966 December 1-December 10
3611Vietnam, 1966November
3612Vietnam, 1966 October
BoxFolder
371Vietnam, 1966 September
372Vietnam, 1966 August 12-August 29
373Vietnam, 1966 August 1-August 11
374Vietnam, 1966 July 21-July 27
375Vietnam, 1966 July 12-July 20
376Vietnam, 1966 July 5-July 11
377Vietnam, 1966 June 27-June 30
378Vietnam, 1966 June 11-June 24
379Vietnam, 1966 June 1-June 10
3710Vietnam, 1966 May 19-May 31
3711Vietnam, 1966 May 12-May 18
3712Vietnam, 1966 May 7-May 11
BoxFolder
381Vietnam, 1966 May 4-May5
382Vietnam, 1966 May 2-May 3
383Vietnam, 1966 April 27-April 30
384Vietnam, 1966 April 20-April 26
385Vietnam, 1966 April 15-April 19
386Vietnam, 1966 April 14
387Vietnam, 1966 April 1-April 13
388Vietnam, 1966 March 21-March 31
389Vietnam, 1966 March 8-March 18
3810Vietnam, 1966 March 1-March 7
3811Vietnam, 1966 February 24-February 28
3812Vietnam, 1966 February 22-February 23
BoxFolder
391Vietnam, 1966 February 18 -February 21
392Vietnam, 1966 February 16-February 17
393Vietnam, 1966 February 12-15
394Vietnam, 1966 February 7-11
395Vietnam, 1966 February 4-5
396Vietnam, 1966 February 2-3
397Vietnam, 1966 January 26-28
398Vietnam, 1966 January 24-25
399Vietnam, 1966 January 20-21
3910Vietnam, 1966 January 14-19
3911Vietnam, 1966 January 11-13
3912Vietnam, 1966 January 7-10
3913Vietnam, 1966 January 3-6
3914Vietnam- (Unanswered Letters), 1966 January-July
BoxFolder
401Vietnam- Material Folder I, 1966
402Vietnam- Material Folder II, 1966
403Vietnam, 1965 December 20-31
404Vietnam, 1965 December 10-18
405Vietnam, 1965 December 1-9
406Vietnam, 1965 November 23-29
407Vietnam, 1965 November 3-22
408Vietnam, 1965 October 23-29
409Vietnam, 1965 October 1-22
4010Vietnam, 1965 September
4011Vietnam, 1965 August 14-27
4012Vietnam, 1965 August 2-13
BoxFolder
411Vietnam, 1965 July 23-31
412Vietnam, 1965 July 1-21
413Vietnam- Unanswered Mail, 1965 December
414Vietnam- Unanswered Mail, 1965 November
415Vietnam- Unanswered Mail, 1965 August-October
416Vietnam- Unanswered Mail, 1965 June-July
417Vietnam- Unanswered Mail, 1965 March-May
418Vietnam- Unanswered Mail, 1965 January-February
419Vietnam- Material Folder I, 1965
4110Vietnam- Material Folder II, 1965
4111Vietnam, 1964
BoxFolder
421Vietnam- Material Folder I, 1960-1964
422Vietnam- Material Folder II, 1960-1964
423Vietnam- [Robo Letters], 1969 March-November
424Vietnam- [Robos]— Mansfield Report on Vietnam and Senator’s Statements, 1966 January
425Vietnam- [Robo Letters]— My Lai: Lt. Calley and Others, 1969 December-1970 December
426Vietnam- [Robos]—Lt. Calley, 1969-1970
427Vietnam- [Robos]—POWs, Folder I, 1970 August-December
428Vietnam- [Robos]—POWs, Folder II, 1970 August-December
429Vietnam- My Lai Massacre, 1969 November-1970January
4210Vietnam- My Lai Massacre, 1969 November-December
4211Vietnam- Vietnam POWs, 1969 December-1970 March
4212Vietnam- Vietnam POWs, 1970 January-July
4213Vietnam- Vietnam POWs, 1969 September-December
4214Vietnam- [Vietnam Withdrawl], 1970
4215Vietnam- [Vietnam Withdrawl], 1969
Drawer
5Vietnam - Analysis of Firing Westmoreland and the Reasons the U.S. will not Win the War, undated