Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection, Subgroup C, Series IV: Early OfficeRichard B. Russell, Jr. Collection, Subgroup C, Series IV: Early Office

Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection, Subgroup C, Series IV: Early Office

Descriptive Summary

Title: Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection, Subgroup C, Series IV: Early Office
Creator: Russell, Richard B., (Richard Brevard), 1897-1971
Dates: 1931-1938
Extent: 40.0 boxes (20 linear feet)
Collection Number: RBRL/001/RBR
Repository: Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
Abstract: The Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection, Subgroup C, Series IV. Early Office reflects Russell's first years as a United States senator and reveals him as a strong supporter of New Deal legislation. Some gubernatorial papers were transferred to Russell's senate office and are found in this series. This series contains correspondence with some printed materials and is incomplete. There are few files documenting Russell's office during the first eleven years, especially from 1938 to 1943, the main series for this time period are Early Office, Political, Political Patronage, Personal, and a few files in General. Any additional non-textual materials originally filed with papers were removed for preservation purposes and improved access. These materials include photographs, audiovisual items, scrapbooks, vertical files, memorabilia, and books.

Collection Description

Biographical Note

Richard B. Russell Jr. served in public office for fifty years as a state legislator, governor of Georgia, and U.S. senator. Although Russell was best known for his efforts to strengthen the national defense and to oppose civil rights legislation, he favored his role as advocate for the small farmer and for soil and water conservation. Russell also worked to bring economic opportunities to Georgia. He helped to secure or maintain fifteen military installations; more than twenty-five research facilities, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Russell Agricultural Research Center; and federal funding for development and construction. Russell believed that his most important legislative contribution was his authorship and secured passage of the National School Lunch Program in 1946.

Serving in the U.S. Senate from 1933 until his death in 1971, Russell was one of that body's most respected members. Secretary of State Dean Rusk called him the most powerful and influential man in Washington, D.C., for a period of about twenty years, second only to the president. Russell attained that position of power through his committee assignments—specifically a total of sixteen years as the chair of the Armed Services Committee and a career-long position on the Appropriations Committee, serving as its chair for his last two years in the Senate. In large measure he determined the agricultural and defense legislation considered by the Senate, as well as matters affecting the federal budget. During the twentieth century Russell, along with Carl Vinson in the U.S. House of Representatives, was undeniably among the nation's foremost experts on military and defense policy. An advisor to six presidents and a 1952 candidate for president, Russell ended his career as president pro tempore of the Senate, making him third in the line of presidential succession.

Richard Brevard Russell Jr. was born in Winder on November 2, 1897, to Richard B. Russell Sr., a lawyer, state legislator, businessman, and judge, and Ina Dillard Russell, a teacher. He was the fourth child, and first son, of what became a family of thirteen children. Russell was related to Marietta's Brumby family through his paternal grandmother, Rebecca Harriette Brumby, and in the 1950s his cousin, Otis A. Brumby Jr., worked for him as a Senate page.

His education began at home, where a governess taught Russell and his siblings until 1910. From 1911 to 1913 and again in 1915 he attended the Gordon Institute in Barnesville, and he graduated in 1914 from the Seventh District Agricultural and Mechanical School (later John McEachern High School) in Powder Springs. In 1915, he entered the University of Georgia and was active in various social groups, including the Sigma Alpha Epsilon social fraternity, the Gridiron Club, the Jeffersonian Law Society, and the Phi Kappa Literary Society. He graduated in 1918 with a Bachelor of Laws degree.

After practicing law for more than a year, Russell was elected in 1920 to the Georgia House of Representatives, becoming at age twenty-three one of the youngest members of that body. He received appointments to various committees and, building on friendships from his school days, advanced quickly in the political arena. He was elected Speaker pro tempore by the state house in 1923 and 1925. In 1927 he was elected Speaker of the House and remained in that position until 1931.

In the state legislature Russell advocated building and improving highways, supported public education, and called for reducing the control of special-interest groups in order to develop a fiscally responsible and efficient state government. He took the same agenda to the people in April 1930, when he announced his candidacy for governor. Russell battled a field of seasoned candidates to win the gubernatorial election. His victory was attributed to a grassroots campaign and his skill in canvassing voters door-to-door across Georgia.

Becoming Georgia's youngest governor in the twentieth century, Russell took the oath of office in June 1931. During his eighteen-month tenure, his most significant achievement was a comprehensive reorganization of the state government, which was accomplished by reducing the number of agencies from 102 to 17. A highlight of this reorganization was the creation of the University System of Georgia, with the Board of Regents as the single governing body over all state colleges and universities. Russell cut state expenditures by 20 percent, balanced the budget without cutting salaries (other than his own), and honored $2.8 million in delinquent obligations.

The death of U.S. Senator William J. Harris in 1932 opened the door for Russell to enter national politics. On April 25, Governor Russell appointed John S. Cohen, publisher of the Atlanta Journal, as interim senator and announced his own candidacy for election to Harris's unexpired term, which ran until 1937. After a tough campaign, Russell was victorious against Charles Crisp, a veteran congressman. Russell's only other contested U.S. Senate election occurred in 1936, when he defeated Georgia Governor Eugene Talmadge.

Russell entered the U.S. Senate in 1933 as the youngest member and a strong supporter of U.S. presidential candidate Franklin D. Roosevelt. Seeing the New York governor as the leader who could end the Great Depression, Russell had detoured from his own campaign to attend the Democratic National Convention and to make a seconding speech for Roosevelt's nomination. The two men had become acquainted during the 1920s, when Roosevelt often visited Warm Springs. After Roosevelt was elected president, Russell marked his first decade in the Senate by ensuring the passage of Roosevelt's New Deal programs.

Russell was awarded an unheard-of freshman spot on the important Appropriations Committee, and he became chairman of its subcommittee on agriculture, a post he retained throughout his career. Russell deeply believed in the significance of agriculture in American society. Representing a mostly rural Georgia, he focused on legislation to assist the small farmer, including the Farm Security Administration, the Farmers Home Administration, the Agricultural Adjustment Act, the Rural Electrification Act, the Tennessee Valley Authority, the Resettlement Administration, commodity price supports, and soil conservation. A major participant in the Farm Bloc, he worked with a bipartisan group of senators who were committed to increasing the success rate for individual farmers.

In 1933, Russell was appointed to the Naval Affairs Committee, and he continued to serve when that committee and the Military Affairs Committee were reorganized in 1946 to form the Armed Services Committee. Russell served on the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy, the Central Intelligence Agency's congressional oversight committee, and the Aeronautical and Space Sciences Committee, as well as on the Democratic Policy and Democratic Steering committees from their inceptions. After World War II (1941-1945), Russell's seniority and strong committee assignments, following a congressional reorganization, placed him in key power positions both legislatively and politically.

Russell began contesting civil rights legislation as early as 1935, when an anti-lynching bill was introduced in Congress. By 1938 he led the Southern Bloc in resisting such federal legislation based on the unconstitutionality of its provisions. The Southern Bloc argued that these provisions were infringements on states' rights. By continually blocking passage of a cloture rule in the Senate, Russell preserved unlimited debate as a method for halting or weakening civil rights legislation. Over the next three decades, through filibuster and Russell's command of the Senate's parliamentary rules and precedents, the Southern Bloc stymied all civil rights legislation.

By 1964, however, American society and the U.S. Senate itself had changed dramatically, and the strongest civil rights bill up to that time passed overwhelmingly. Once the Civil Rights Act of 1964 became law, Russell urged compliance and counseled against any violence or forcible resistance; he was the only opponent of the bill to do so.

Russell was a defender of white southern traditions and values. Much of his opposition to civil rights legislation stemmed from his belief that "South haters" were its primary supporters and that life and culture in the South would be forever changed. He believed in white supremacy and a separate but equal society, but he did not promote hatred or acts of violence in order to defend these beliefs. His arguments for maintaining segregation were drawn as much from constitutional beliefs in a Jeffersonian government that both emphasizes a division of federal and state powers and fosters personal and economic freedom as they were from notions of race.

Russell's stand on civil rights was costly to the nation and to Russell himself. It contributed to his defeat in a bid for the presidency, often diverted him from other legislative and appointed business, limited his ability to accept change, weakened his health, and tainted his record historically.

During World War II, Russell led a special committee of five senators around the world to visit the war theaters and to report on the status of American troops. He expanded his views on national defense during this time to include strategic international bases for ensuring security and maintaining world stability. At the same time he did not abandon his isolationism, for he was not eager to place America in the role of world policeman. Neither Russell nor his father supported United Nations membership. Russell also had little faith in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization as a peacekeeping force, and he was concerned that American-supplied arms to an allied country would fall into the hands of an aggressor. After 1945 Russell agreed with very little American foreign policy. Specifically, he opposed large foreign-aid expenditures when they caused a budget deficit for defense. He believed America's best defense was a military power so strong that no other nation could challenge it successfully.

In 1951, President Harry Truman removed General Douglas MacArthur as commander in the Far East. As chair of the joint Senate committee investigating MacArthur's dismissal, Russell conducted hearings that set the model for congressional inquiry. Many national newspapers praised Russell for his skill in defusing the situation, and he gained a reputation as one of the most powerful men in the Senate.

As the United States and the Soviet Union squared off, Russell strongly supported a military buildup, for which he insisted on civilian oversight or control. As chair of the Armed Services Committee, he started its Military Preparedness Subcommittee. He was a leader in establishing the Atomic Energy Commission, in setting up an independent Central Intelligence Agency, and in placing space exploration and development in the hands of both civilians and the military.

In 1954, Russell spoke against American military support of the French in Vietnam. A stalwart nationalist, he favored military force only when America's interests were directly threatened. He reiterated this sentiment in 1967, when the Johnson administration sent cargo planes to the Congo. Russell fought against rapid deployment, believing that the United States would always find reason to intervene in other nations' conflicts once its military had the ability to engage quickly in some far-flung battle. On June 25, 1969, the Senate passed the National Commitments Resolution, which Russell, along with Senator J. W. Fulbright, was instrumental in drafting. The resolution reasserted the Senate's right to be a participant in the making of commitments by the United States.

As the Johnson administration escalated the war in Vietnam, Russell still could not see a prevailing reason for America's involvement. During the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962, he had advocated military action in what he saw as a direct Communist threat to the nation. Upholding the Monroe Doctrine, in this case, was of vital interest to the nation and its hemisphere. With Vietnam, Russell, who believed deeply in the presidency, found himself supporting four administrations as America descended into the quagmire. While he advised the presidents to "go in and win—or get out," he could neither prevail with full-scale military power nor find diplomatic solutions. Once the flag was committed, however, so was Russell. Though frustrated by policy and critical of war tactics, he did all he could to support U.S. troops by assuring that they had the best equipment and supplies and by monitoring defense appropriations.

Pursued by colleagues to accept the Senate majority leadership, Russell steadfastly refused because he wanted "absolute independence of thought and action." Instead, he promoted his young protégé Lyndon Johnson, who became the majority whip and, later, the majority leader. This was the beginning of Johnson's rise to power, and he would not have succeeded so quickly without Russell's favor.

Russell's name was twice put forward for nomination as the Democratic candidate for president. Although not a formal candidate in 1948 and not in attendance at the convention, he received 263 votes from 10 southern states that were looking for an alternative to Truman and his civil rights platform. Russell refused to join the Dixiecrats, who subsequently broke away from the party to form their own slate. In 1952 he announced his candidacy and went on to win the Florida primary. His agenda included a strong statement for local and states' rights against a growing federal centralization. At the convention he received a high of 294 votes from 23 states and lost on the third ballot to Adlai Stevenson.

In 1963, President Lyndon Johnson appointed a reluctant Russell to the President's Commission on the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy, or the Warren Commission, as it came to be known. Russell rejected the single-bullet theory, as did Texas governor John Connally, who had been wounded in the attack on Kennedy. Thinking "so much possible evidence was beyond [the commission's] reach," Russell insisted that Earl Warren qualify the commission's findings to read that they found "no evidence" that Oswald "was part of any conspiracy, domestic or foreign." Compromise with Russell was the only way Warren obtained a unanimous report.

Russell devoted his life to public service. His love of the Senate and its traditions was most evident in his own example of conduct and leadership. Russell earned the respect and admiration of his most ardent opponents for his integrity, intellect, modesty, and fairness.

Although he never married, Russell dated regularly over the years. In 1938, his engagement to an attorney ended because the couple could not reconcile differences over her Catholic faith; he later wrote that the failed relationship was his one regret. Throughout his life, Russell set his course to follow the direction of Russell Sr., who told his seven sons that although not all of them could be brilliant or successful, they could all be honorable. Russell died of complications from emphysema at Walter Reed Hospital in Washington, D.C., on January 21, 1971. He lay in state at the Georgia state capitol, where President Richard Nixon visited to pay his respects.

The following year Russell's colleagues passed Senate Resolution 296 naming his old office building the Richard Brevard Russell Senate Office Building. Subsequently, a nuclear-powered submarine, a federal courthouse in Atlanta, a state highway, a dam and lake, and various structures would bear his name. Russell is buried in his family's cemetery behind the Russell home in Winder.

Scope and Content

The Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection, Subgroup C, Series IV. Early Office reflects Russell's first years as a United States senator and reveals him as a strong supporter of New Deal legislation. Some gubernatorial papers were transferred to Russell's senate office and are found in this series. This series contains correspondence with some printed materials and is incomplete. There are few files documenting Russell's office during the first eleven years, especially from 1938 to 1943, the main series for this time period are Early Office, Political, Political Patronage, Personal, and a few files in General. Any additional non-textual materials originally filed with papers were removed for preservation purposes and improved access. These materials include photographs, audiovisual items, scrapbooks, vertical files, memorabilia, and books.

Organization and Arrangement

Subgroup C, Series IV. Early Office is organized into two subseries: General file and Subject file.


Administrative Information and Restrictions

Preferred Citation

Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, The University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Georgia.

Processing Notes

Clippings have been copied onto bond paper for protection of content. Artifacts, photographs, books, and audiovisual materials have been separated for preservation purposes and inventoried.

User Restrictions

Library acts as "fair use" reproduction agent.

Copyright Information

Before material from collections at the Richard B. Russell Library may be quoted in print, or otherwise reproduced, in whole or in part, in any publication, permission must be obtained from (1) the owner of the physical property, and (2) the holder of the copyright. It is the particular responsibility of the researcher to obtain both sets of permissions. Persons wishing to quote from materials in the Russell Library collection should consult the Director. Reproduction of any item must contain a complete citation to the original.

Finding Aid Publication

Finding aid prepared by Russell staff, 2008.


Related Materials

Access Points

Georgia. Governor (1931-1933 : Russell)
Governors--Georgia.
Legislators--Georgia.
Legislators--United States.
Literacy tests (Election law)--United States.
Military bases--Georgia.
New Deal, 1933-1939.
Patronage, Political--United States.
Poll tax--United States.
Prayer in the public schools--United States.
Russell, Richard B., (Richard Brevard), 1897-1971
Tariff on jute--United States.
United States--Agriculture.
United States--Defenses.
United States--Foreign policy--1933-1945.
United States--Foreign relations--1933-1945.
United States. Congress. Senate.

Related Collections in this Repository

Richard B. Russell, Sr. Papers

Russell Family Collection

Patience Elizabeth Russell Peterson Papers

Hugh Peterson, Sr. Papers

Herman E. Talmadge Collection

Lamartine G. Hardman Collection

Related Collections in Other Repositories

John C. Stennis Papers, Mitchell Memorial Library, Mississippi State University

Lyndon B. Johnson Papers, Lyndon B. Johnson Library

Richard B. Russell, Jr. Gubernatorial Papers, Georgia Department of Archives and History

U.S. Senate. Committee on Appropriations, Center for Legislative Archives, NARA

U.S. Senate. Committee on Armed Services, Center for Legislative Archives, NARA


Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 

Subgroup C. United States Senatorial Papers

Scope and Content: This subgroup of papers comprehensively reveals Richard Russell's activities as a United States senator representing the state of Georgia. The papers are divided into twenty series, two of which are closed; some files are restricted. Closed or restricted files are governed by donor agreement, Executive Orders, or privacy considerations. Not many files survived from Russell's first eleven years in office; the main series for this time period are Early Office, Political, Political Patronage, Personal, and a few files in General. In 1943 and 1944, Russell's staff members reorganized the office filing system, and from that point on, the files are very complete.



IV. Early Office, 1931-1938

Extent: 40.0 boxes
Extent: (20 linear feet)
Scope and Contents note: These files (along with certain files in the Speech, Political, and Political Patronage series) reflect Russell's first years as a United States senator and reveal him as a strong supporter of New Deal legislation. In fact, he campaigned for Roosevelt in 1932. A significant contribution Russell made during his first term as senator was a tariff on jute. He opposed the importation of jute, which competed with cotton. In 1933, Russell introduced an amendment to the Agriculture Adjustment Act then under consideration that would grant the secretary of agriculture authority to raise the tariff on jute and its products if he found imports were creating unfair competition for any basic farm commodity.
Some gubernatorial papers were transferred to Russell's senate office and are found in this series. This series contains correspondence with some printed materials and is incomplete. There are few files documenting Russell's office during the first eleven years, especially from 1938 to 1943. What has survived from these years may be found in the Speech and Political series.The series is organized into two subseries: General file and Subject file. The General file consists of correspondence and printed materials concerning general legislative issues; arrangement is chronological. The Subject file contains correspondence and printed materials relating to specific topics. Arrangement is alphabetical, then chronological, latest date first.
A. General, 1933-1938
Extent: 10.0 folders
Scope and Contents note: This subseries consists of correspondence, telegrams, and printed matter concerning legislative issues.
BoxFolder
11Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office, vol. 490, no. 5, 1938 May 31
12[Wagner Labor Disputes Bill], 1935 March-April
13[topics includes City of Cartersville Airport lighting, fish conservation, etc.], 1934 June
14[topics include business census, immigration, etc.], 1934 May
15[topics include Bureau of Fisheries and Okefinokee Swamp], 1934 April
16[topics include Civil Works Administration, U.S. Coast and Geodetic Surveys, etc., 1934 March 16-31
17[topics include shipping, census, Civil Works Administration, U.S. Coast and Geodetic Surveys, etc.], 1934 March 1-15
18[topics include fisheries, census, etc.], 1934 February
19[topics include mining, fisheries, etc.], 1934 February
110[topics include cotton, mining, etc.], 1933 September-December
B. Subject, 1931-1938
Extent: 39.0 boxes
Scope and Contents note: This subseries consists of correspondence, telegrams, and printed matter. In the early years the office made no attempt to subjugate dependent headings to their respective subjects. For example, crop production loans, farm bulletins, and naval stores are separate from Agriculture Department. Also some topical headings were changed by staff over the years. For instance, Labor Department was shortened to Labor.
BoxFolder
21Agriculture Department, 1933 August
22Agriculture Department, 1933 January-July
23Agriculture Department (From Office of Governor of Georgia), 1931-1932
24Agriculture Department, 1934 June
25Agriculture Department, 1934 May 24-31
26Agriculture Department, 1934 May 21-23
27Agriculture Department, 1934 May 2-19
28Agriculture Department, 1934 March-April
29Agriculture Department, 1934 February 19-28
210Agriculture Department, 1934 February 5-17
211Agriculture Department, 1934 January
BoxFolder
31Agriculture Department, 1933 December 15-30
32Agriculture Department, 1933 December 1-14
33Agriculture Department, 1933 June, July, November
34Agriculture Department, 1933 May
35Agriculture Department, 1933 April
36Agriculture Department, 1933 March 16-31
37Agriculture Department, 1933 March 1-15
38Agriculture Department, 1933 February
39Agriculture Department, 1933 January
310Agriculture Department, 1932
311Agriculture Yearbook, 1937 January-August
BoxFolder
41Agriculture Yearbook, 1936 December 15-29
42Appointments, 1933 January
43Census Bureau, 1933 April-June
44Civil Service Commission, 1933 January-June
45Political, Banking Situation, 1933
46Civil Works Administration, 1934 April
47Civil Works Administration, 1934 March 21-30
48Civil Works Administration, 1934 March 15-20
49Civil Works Administration, 1934 March 9-14
410Civil Works Administration, 1934 March 6-8
BoxFolder
51Civil Works Administration, 1934 March 1-5
52Civil Works Administration, 1934 February 27-28
53Civil Works Administration, 1934 February 26
54Civil Works Administration, 1934 February 22-25
55Civil Works Administration, 1934 February 17-21
56Civil Works Administration, 1934 February 12-16
57Civil Works Administration, 1934 February 1-10
58Civil Works Administration, 1934 January 26-31
59Civil Works Administration, 1934 January 24-25
510Civil Works Administration, 1934 January 22-23
BoxFolder
61Civil Works Administration, 1934 January 18-20
62Civil Works Administration, 1934 January 15-17
63Civil Works Administration, 1934 January 10-13
64Civil Works Administration, 1934 January 6-9
65Civil Works Administration, 1934 January 2-5
66Civil Works Administration, 1933 November-December
67Commerce Department, 1933 April 25-July 7
68Commerce Department, 1933 March 13-April 24
69Commerce Department, 1933 January 21-March 11
610Commission (Miscellaneous), 1932 November 2-1933 June 10
611Committees (Miscellaneous), 1932 October-November
612Crop Production Loan, 1933 May 12-June 21
BoxFolder
71Crop Production Loan, 1933 April 21-May 11
72Crop Production Loan, 1933 April 1-19
73Crop Production Loan, 1933 March 24-31
74Crop Production Loan, 1933 March 18-23
75Crop Production Loan, 1933 March 1-17
76Crop Production Loan, 1932 November-1933 February
77Electric Rate Surveys, 1935
78Farm Bulletins, 1938 May 25-June 9
79Farm Bulletins, 1938 May 11-24
BoxFolder
81Farm Bulletins, 1938 April 27-May 10
82Farm Bulletins, 1938 April 16-25
83Farm Bulletins, 1938 April 7-15
84Farm Bulletins, 1938 March 29-April 6
85Farm Bulletins, 1938 March 14-25
86Farm Bulletins, 1938 March 1-12
87Farm Bulletins, 1938 February 21-28
88Farm Bulletins, 1938 February 10-19
89Farm Bulletins, 1938 February 1-9
810Farm Bulletins, 1938 January 22-31
811Farm Bulletins, 1938 January 1-21
BoxFolder
91Farm Bulletins, 1937 December
92Farm Bulletins, 1937 November 16-29
93Farm Bulletins, 1937 November 2-15
94Farm Bulletins, 1937 October
95Farm Bulletins, 1937 September
96Farm Bulletins, 1937 August
97Farm Bulletins, 1937 July 20-31
98Farm Bulletins, 1937 January-June
99Farm Bulletins, 1937 July 2-19
BoxFolder
101Farm Credit, 1934 June 9-22
102Farm Credit, 1934 June 1-8
103Farm Credit, 1934 May 30-31
104Farm Credit, 1934 May 24-29
105Farm Credit, 1934 May 19-23
106Farm Credit, 1934 May 16-18
107Farm Credit, 1934 May 7-15
108Farm Credit, 1934 April 28-May 5
109Farm Credit, 1934 April 21-27
1010Farm Credit, 1934 March 1-April 20
BoxFolder
111Farm Credit, 1934 February 14-28
112Farm Credit, 1934 February 5-13
113Farm Credit, 1934 January 31-February 3
114Farm Credit, 1934 January 18-24
115Farm Credit, 1934 January 25-30
116Farm Credit, 1934 January 6-17
117Farm Credit, 1934 December 5-January 5
118Farm Credit, 1933 September 19-December 14
119Farm Quotations, 1932 August-December
1110Freight Rates, 1933 April-May
1111Freight Rates, 1935-1936
BoxFolder
121Internal Revenue, 1933 March 7-June 17
122Georgia Bicentennial, 1933 January-February
123Georgia Bicentennial, 1933 March-May
124Georgia Projects, 1933 April-June
125Georgia Officers, 1933 January-May
126Georgia Matters, 1932-1933
127Home Owner's Loan Corporation, 1933 June-August
128Internal Revenue Service, 1933 February 10-March 6
129Internal Revenue Service, 1933 January 27- February 9
1210Internal Revenue Service, 1933 January 16-25
1211Internal Revenue Service, 1933 November 30-January 14
1212Labor, 1938 May 28-June 6
1213Labor, 1938 May 26-27
BoxFolder
131Labor, 1938 May 25
132Labor, 1938 May 23-24
133Labor, 1938 May 21
134Labor, 1938 May 20
135Labor, 1938 May 18-19
136Labor, 1938 May 16-17
137Labor, 1938 May 11-14
138Labor, 1938 May 1-10
139Labor, 1938 April 23-30
1310Labor, 1938 January 24-March 30
1311Labor, 1938 January 21-24
BoxFolder
141Labor, 1937 August 6-20
142Labor, 1937 August 3-5
143Labor, 1937 August 2
144Labor, 1937 July 30-31
145Labor, 1937 July 29
146Labor, 1937 July 28
147Labor, 1937 July 26-27
148Labor, 1937 July 20-25
149Labor, 1937 July 13-19
1410Labor, 1937 July 10-12
BoxFolder
151Labor, 1937 July 1-9
152Labor, 1937 June 28-30
153Labor, 1937 June 21-26
154Labor, 1937 June 1-19
155Labor, 1937 April-May
156Labor, 1937 January-March
157Labor, 1935-1936
158Labor Department, 1933 May-June
159Labor Department, 1933 February-April
1510Library of Congress, 1933 February-May
1511Miscellaneous Appointments, Commendatory, etc. (not filed), 1932 November-1933 January
BoxFolder
161Miscellaneous Legislature, 1938 February 12-19
162Miscellaneous Legislature, 1938 February 1-11
163Miscellaneous Legislation, 1938 January 20-31
164Miscellaneous Legislation, 1938 January 1-19
165Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 December 14-31
166Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 December 1-13
167Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 November 20-29
168Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 November 1-19
169Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 August-September
1610Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 July 28-31
BoxFolder
171Miscellaneous Legislature, 1937 July 23-27
172Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 July 7-22
173Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 July 1-6
174Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 June 21-30
175Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 June 8-18
176Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 June 1-7
177Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 May 20-31
178Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 May 13-19
179Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 May 1-12
BoxFolder
181Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 April 20-30
182Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 April 9-19
183Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 April 1-8
184Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 March 22-31
185Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 March 19-20
186Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 March 10-18
187Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 March 4-9
188Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 March 1-3
189Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 February 23-27
1810Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 February 12-22
BoxFolder
191Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 February 1-11
192Miscellaneous Legislation, 1937 January
193Miscellaneous Legislation, 1936 December
194Miscellaneous Legislature, 1933
195Muscle Shoals, 1933 September 7
196Muscle Shoals, 1933 August 30
197Muscle Shoals, 1933 January 21-May 23
198Muscle Shoals, 1933 May 24-July 27
199Muscle Shoals, 1933 August 26
1910Naval Stores, 1933 April 11
1911Navy Department, 1933 May-June, 1934 January
1912Navy Department, 1933 April
1913Navy Department, 1933 February-March
1914Negro File (Folder 1 of 2), 1935-1936
1915Negro File (Folder 2 of 2), 1935-1936
BoxFolder
201Pensions, 1934 February-March
202Pensions, 1934 January
203Pensions, 1933 December 22-30
204Pensions, 1933 December 13-21
205Pensions, 1933 December 8-12
206Pensions, 1933 December 5-7
207Pensions, 1933 December 1-4
208Pensions, 1933 November
209Pensions, 1933 November 23-28
2010Pensions, 1933 November 1-22
2011Pensions, 1933 August-October
BoxFolder
211Pensions, 1932 June-1933 May
212Postal Legislation, 1933-1936
213Post Office Department, 1933 June
214Postmaster General, 1932 May-December
215Post Office Department, 1933 May
216Post Office Department, 1933 April
217Post Office Department, 1933 March
218Post Office Department, 1933 February
219Post Office Department, 1933 January
2110Prohibition, 1935-1936
2111Public Utilities, 1935 April-July
2112Public Utilities, 1935 March 25-30
2113Public Utilities, 1935 March 19-24
2114Public Utilities, 1935 March 5-18
BoxFolder
221Public Works Administration, 1934 April-June
222Public Works Administration, 1934 March 30
223Public Works Administration, 1934 February 14
224Public Works Administration, 1934 January 27-February 10
225Public Works Administration, 1934 January 23-26
226Public Works Administration, 1934 January 13-22
227Public Works Administration, 1934 January 5-12
228Public Works Administration, 1933
229Railroads, 1936 May 4-December 10
2210Railroads, 1936 April 23-May 1
2211Railroads, 1936 April 15-24
2212Railroads, 1936 April 6-14
2213Railroads, 1936 February 26-April 4
2214Railroads, 1936 February 10-25
BoxFolder
231Railroads, 1935 November 12-1936 February 7
232Reconstruction Finance Corporation, 1933 May 27-June 19; 1935 January
233Reconstruction Finance Corporation, 1933 May 4-25
234Reconstruction Finance Corporation, 1933 April 10-May 2
235Reconstruction Finance Corporation, 1933 March 22-April 8
236Reconstruction Finance Corporation, 1933 February 10-March 18
237Reconstruction Finance Corporation, 1933 January 21-February 9
238Reconstruction Finance Corporation, 1933 January 5-19
239Red Cross, 1933 February-June
2310Reforestation, 1933 May 24-July 1
2311Reforestation, 1933 April 6-May 23
2312Regional Agricultural Credit Corporation, 1933 February 26-June 6
BoxFolder
241Relief Department, 1935
242Relief Department, 1934 June 6-21
243Relief Department, 1934 May 14-June 5
244Relief Department, 1934 May 2-13
245Relief Department, 1934 April 8-May 1
246Relief Department, 1934 February 14-April 2
247Relief Department, 1933 December 5-1934 February 13
248Relief Department, 1933 June 30-December 4
249Robinson-Patman Bill, 1936 May 14-December 22
2410Robinson-Patman Bill, 1936 April 30-May 13
2411Robinson-Patman Bill, 1936 April 8-29
2412Robinson-Patman Bill, 1936 March 9-April 7
2413Robinson-Patman Bill, 1936 February 14-March 7
2414Robinson-Patman Bill, 1936 January 21-February 13
BoxFolder
251Robinson-Patman Bill, 1935 November 9-1936 January 20
252Rural Routes, 1933 June 3-24
253Rural Routes, 1933 February 8-28
254Rural Routes, 1933 February 6-7
255Rural Routes, 1933 April 4-14
256Rural Routes, 1933 April 25-May 11
257Screw Worm, 1935 April-August
258Screw Worm, 1934 December-1935 March
259Seed Loan Bill, 1936 March-April
2510Seed Loan Bill, 1935 December-1936 February
2511Social Security, 1938 February 7-21
2512Social Security, 1938 February 4-6
2513Social Security, 1938 February 3
2514Social Security, 1938 February 2
2515Social Security, 1938 February 1
2516Social Security, 1938 January
BoxFolder
261Social Security, 1937
262Social Security, 1936 December
263Social Security, 1936 November
264Social Security, 1936 October
265Social Security, 1936 September
266Social Security, 1936 August
267Social Security, 1936 July
268Social Security, 1936 May-June
269Social Security, 1936 March-April
2610Social Security, 1936 February
2611Social Security, 1936 January
BoxFolder
271Social Security, 1935
272Smithsonian Institution, 1933 January-March
273State Department, 1933 June 10
274State Department, 1933 January-April
275Stone Mountain Granite, 1935 December 14-1936 January 3
276Supreme Court, 1937 July 22-25
277Supreme Court, 1937 July 26-30
278Supreme Court, 1937 July 21
279Supreme Court, 1937 July 20
2710Supreme Court, 1937 July 18-19
2711Supreme Court, 1937 July 31-December 11
2712Supreme Court, 1937 July 17
2713Supreme Court, 1937 July 16
BoxFolder
281Supreme Court, 1937 July 15
282Supreme Court, 1937 July 14
283Supreme Court, 1937 July 13
284Supreme Court, 1937 July 12
285Supreme Court, 1937 June 22-July 11
286Supreme Court, 1937 May 28-June 22
BoxFolder
291Supreme Court, 1937 May 20-27
292Supreme Court, 1937 May 15-19
293Supreme Court, 1937 May 11-14
294Supreme Court, 1937 May 6-10
295Supreme Court, 1937 May 4-5
296Supreme Court, 1937 April 30-May 3
297Supreme Court, 1937 April 28-29
298Supreme Court, 1937 April 27
BoxFolder
301Supreme Court, 1937 April 24-26
302Supreme Court, 1937 April 23
303Supreme Court, 1937 April 21-22
304Supreme Court, 1937 April 15-20
305Supreme Court, 1937 April 9-14
306Supreme Court, 1937 April 5-8
307Supreme Court, 1937 April 1-4
308Supreme Court, 1937 March 27-31
309Supreme Court, 1937 March 26
3010Supreme Court, 1937 March 24-25
3011Supreme Court, 1937 March 23
BoxFolder
311Supreme Court, 1937 March 22
312Supreme Court, 1937 March 19-21
313Supreme Court, 1937 March 17-18
314Supreme Court, 1937 March 15-16
315Supreme Court, 1937 March 13-14
316Supreme Court, 1937 March 11
317Supreme Court, 1937 March 11
318Supreme Court, 1937 March 10
BoxFolder
321Supreme Court, 1937 March 9
322Supreme Court, 1937 March 5-7
323Supreme Court, 1937 March 8
324Supreme Court, 1937 March 3-4
325Supreme Court, 1937 March 2
326Supreme Court, 1937 February 27-March 1
327Supreme Court, 1937 February 26
328Supreme Court, 1937 February 25
329Supreme Court, 1937 February 24
3210Supreme Court, 1937 February 23
BoxFolder
331Supreme Court, 1937 February 22
332Supreme Court, 1937 Febuary 20
333Supreme Court, 1937 February 18-19
334Supreme Court, 1937 February 17
335Supreme Court, 1937 February 16
336Supreme Court, 1937 February 12-15
337Supreme Court, 1937 February 11
338Supreme Court, 1937 February 9-10
339Supreme Court, 1937 February 6-8
BoxFolder
341Supreme Court Material, 1937 April 8-July 17
342Supreme Court Material, 1937 March 7-April 7
343Supreme Court Material, 1937 January 2-March 4
344Supreme Court Material, 1937
345Suspense, 1935 March-April
346Suspense, 1934
347Suspense, 1933 September-November
348Suspense, 1937 April, June-August
349Tariffs, Taxes, etc., 1938 March 11-17
BoxFolder
351Tariffs, Taxes, etc., 1938 March 1-10
352Tariffs, Taxes, etc., 1938 February 16-28
353Tariffs, Taxes, etc., 1938 February 16-28
354Tariffs, Taxes, etc., 1938 February 1-15
355Tariffs, Taxes, etc., 1938 January
356Tariffs, Taxes, etc., 1937 December
357Tariffs, Taxes, etc., 1937 November
358Tariffs, Taxes, etc., 1937 June-October
359Tariffs, Taxes, etc., 1937 March-May
3510Tariffs, Taxes, etc., 1937 January-February
3511Tariff, 1936 June-August
BoxFolder
361Tariff, 1936 May 20-30
362Tariffs, Taxes, etc., 1936 May 1-18
363Tariff, 1936 March-April
364Tariffs, 1935 November, 1936 January-February
365Tax Legislation, 1936 May 15-1937 January 12
366Tax Legislation, 1936 April 6-May 14
367Tax Legislation, 1936 February 9-1936 April 3
368Treasury Department, 1934 May 12-June 22
BoxFolder
371Treasury Department, 1934 April 12-May 11
372Treasury Department, 1934 March 7-April 11
373Treasury Department, 1934 January 25-March 3
374Treasury Department, 1933 December 20-1934 January 22
375Treasury Department, 1933 June 10-December 19
376Treasury Department, 1933 May 24-June 9
377Treasury Department, 1933 May 8-23
378Treasury Department, 1933 April 26-May 4
379Treasury Department, 1933 April 10-25
3710Treasury Department, 1933 March 25-April 8
3711Treasury Department, 1933 February 27-March 24
3712Treasury Department, 1933 February 9-24
3713Treasury Department, 1933 January 26-February 8
BoxFolder
381Treasury Department, 1932 December 19-1933 January 23
382Unknown, 1936
383Unknown, 1935
384Veterans--Spanish-American, 1932 August 22-December 14
385Veterans--World War, 1932 October 10-December 15
386Veterans Administration, 1934 January 25-June 19
387Veterans Administration, 1934 January 8-24
388Veterans Administration, 1933 May 16-June 6
389Veterans Administration, 1933 March 21-May 9
3810Veterans Administration, 1933 January 15-March 20
3811Veterans Legislation, 1937 May 13-August 21
BoxFolder
391Veterans Legislation, 1937 April 5-May 12
392Veterans Legislation, 1937 February 13-April 3
393Veterans Legislation, 1936 June 16-1937 February 14
394Veterans Legislation, 1936 February 27-June 15
395Veterans Legislation, 1936 January 27-February 24
396Veterans Legislation, 1936 January 13-25
397Veterans Legislation, 1935 January 29-1936 January 11
398Vocational Education, 1936 April 17-June 8
399War and Navy Department, 1934 May 26-June 19
3910War and Navy Department, 1934 May 11-25
3911War and Navy Department, 1934 April 21-May 10
BoxFolder
401War and Navy Department, 1934 March 26-April 19
402War and Navy Department, 1934 January 22-March 24
403War and Navy Department, 1934 January 1-18
404War Department, 1933 April 29-May 11
405War Department, 1933 May 12-July 5
406War Department, 1933 April 25-26
407War Department, 1933 April 12-19
408War Department, 1933 April 3-11
409War Department, 1933 March 25-30
4010War Department, 1933 March 20-24
4011War Department, 1933 March 3-18
4012War Department, 1933 January 20-February 13
4013Winder Bank, 1933 March 14-1934 March 16
4014Work Relief Projects, 1935 April 13-17
4015Work Relief Projects, 1935 April 18-26
4016Work Relief Projects, 1935 April 27-July 5