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School integration--Georgia.[X]
Oral histories. (13)
College integration--Georgia--Athens--History. (7)
Education--Georgia. (5)
Democratic Party (Ga.) (4)
Political campaigns--Georgia. (4)
University of Georgia. (4)
Apportionment (Election laws)--Georgia. (3)
Civil rights--Georgia. (3)
Georgia. Office of the Governor. (3)
Political campaigns--United States--Georgia. (3)
Politicians--Georgia. (3)
Segregation--Georgia. (3)
African Americans--Civil rights--Georgia. (2)
Busing for school integration--Georgia. (2)
Civil rights movements--Georgia. (2)
Educational law and legislation. (2)
Election law--Georgia. (2)
Georgia--Governors. (2)
Georgia--Politics and government--1951- (2)
Journalism. (2)
Judges--Georgia. (2)
Race discrimination. (2)
Red and Black (Athens, Ga.) (2)
United States--Congress--House. (2)
University System of Georgia. Board of Regents. (2)
University of Georgia--Students--History--20th century. (2)
Women. (2)
Abortion--Law and legislation. (1)
African American politicians--Georgia (1)
African American women. (1)
Armour v. Nix (1)
Athens--Clarke County (GA)--Politics and Government. (1)
Atlanta Public School System. (1)
Atlanta journal-constitution. (1)
Attorneys General--United States--Georgia. (1)
Campaign paraphernalia--Georgia. (1)
Carl Vinson Institute of Government. (1)
Central State Hospital (Milledgeville, Ga.) (1)
Civil rights demonstrations--United States. (1)
Civil rights movements--United States. (1)
Civil rights--Georgia--20th century. (1)
Civil rights--Southern States. (1)
DeKalb County (Ga.)--Politics and government. (1)
Democratic National Convention (1988 : Atlanta, Ga.) (1)
Discrimination in housing. (1)
Douglass Theatre (Macon, Ga.) (1)
Editors--Georgia. (1)
Electioneering--Georgia. (1)
Elections--Georgia. (1)
Elections--Southern States. (1)
Elections--United States. (1)
Emory University. (1)
Environmental policy--United States. (1)
Freedom of speech. (1)
Freedom of the press. (1)
Georgia Division of Family and Children Services. (1)
Georgia's HOPE Scholarship Program. (1)
Georgia--Commission on Economy and Reorganization. (1)
Georgia--General Assembly--House of Representatives. (1)
Georgia--Race relations. (1)
Georgia--Superior Court. (1)
Georgia. General Assembly. House of Representatives. (1)
Georgia. General Assembly. Senate. (1)
Georgia. Governor (1931-1933 : Russell) (1)
Georgia. Governor (1959-1963 : Vandiver) (1)
Georgia. Office of the Lieutenant Governor. (1)
Governors--Georgia--Election--History--20th century. (1)
Governors--Georgia--Election--History. (1)
Governors--Georgia. (1)
Hispanic American children--Education. (1)
Housing--Georgia. (1)
Iran-Contra Affair, 1985-1990. (1)
Journalism--United States--Georgia. (1)
Journalism--United States. (1)
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963--Assassination. (1)
Kennedy, Robert F., 1925-1968--Assassination. (1)
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968--Assassination. (1)
Lawyers--Georgia. (1)
Lobbyists--Georgia. (1)
MacNeil/Lehrer newshour. (1)
Macon (Ga.)--Politics and government. (1)
Mental health. (1)
Music education. (1)
Olympic Games (26th : 1996 : Atlanta, Ga.) (1)
Olympics. (1)
Political campaigns--United States. (1)
Press releases. (1)
Racism--Georgia. (1)
Radio talk shows--United States. (1)
Richard B. Russell Foundation (1)
Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies (1)
Richard B. Russell Memorial Library. (1)
Russell family. (1)
School integration--Law and legislation--United States. (1)
School integration--Southern States. (1)
Small business--Law and legislation--United States. (1)
Speeches. (1)
Tea Party movement (1)
Teachers’ Retirement System of Georgia. (1)
Television news programs. (1)
Tourism--Georgia. (1)
United States--Armed Forces--Appropriations and expenditures. (1)
United States--Congress--Elections, 1972. (1)
United States--Congress--Senate. (1)
United States--Navy. (1)
United States. Congress. Senate. (1)
University of Georgia--Students--History. (1)
University of Georgia. School of Law. (1)
Women--Education. (1)
Collection Title:  Armour v. Nix Case Files 
Creator:  Sams, Gary
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Abstract:  Armour v. Nix, litigated from 1972 to 1980, challenged school segregation in the metropolitan Atlanta area. The case files include depositions, compliance reports, correspondence, and research on factors influencing racial patterns in housing, the use of busing to desegregate schools, and population changes in metropolitan areas.
Collection Title:  Charlayne Hunter-Gault Papers 
Creator:  Hunter-Gault, Charlayne, 1942-
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Abstract:  In 1961, after a two year legal battle, Charlayne Hunter (later Charlayne Hunter-Gault) and Hamilton Holmes became the first African Americans to be accepted to the University of Georgia. The two students were met with animosity, and some rioting occurred outside Hunter’s dorm. Both Hunter and Holmes were suspended for their own safety, but a court order allowed them to return to campus a few days later. In 1963, Hunter graduated from UGA with a degree in journalism. Her professional career in journalism has included work for The New Yorker and The New York Times, as well as serving as a foreign correspondent for PBS’s MacNeil/Lehrer Report. In 1997, she became National Public Radio’s chief correspondent for Africa and, in 1999, she became Johannesburg bureau chief and correspondent for CNN. These papers primarily document public reaction to the integration of the University of Georgia and Hunter-Gault’s professional activities as national correspondent and anchor for MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour. Correspondence to University Dean of Students Dr. Joseph Williams in 1961 reflects both students’ and state residents’ opinions regarding desegregation. Other materials include Dr. John C. Belcher’s research files and transcripts of oral histories he conducted documenting the integration of the university. Also included is correspondence sent to Hunter-Gault regarding her reporting for the MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour from 1979 until 1988.
Collection Title:  Richard B. Russell Library Oral History Documentary Collection, OHD 015 Augusta Phillips interviwed by Mattie Hubbard 
Creator:  Hubbard, Mattie
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Abstract:  Augusta Phillips is interviewed by her niece, Mattie Hubbard about her involvement with civil rights and community activism. Phillips discusses her brothers' involvement in the World War II effort. She recalls her brothers' fight for community needs in Ocilla, GA such as a school, improvement of living conditions, and other governmental help. Phillips discusses her brothers' efforts to teach masonry and carpentry to locals and explains the importance of these skills to the community. Phillips recalls her efforts in writing to the Department of Education to secure help for the community. She discusses the loan obtained which successfully built a new school and the continued efforts to persuade the Department of Education to build more schools. Phillips recalls the 1965 integration of schools and the involvement of SNCC. She discusses discrimination in other areas such as funeral homes and construction. Phillips recalls threats of lynching and the indifference shown by police. She mentions Coinonia Farm, CB King, and building houses near Americus. Phililps comments on "separate but equal" and Pleasant Grove First Baptist Church.
Collection Title:  Walter A. Lundy Files, Red and Black (Fall 1953) Integration Issue Papers 
Creator:  Lundy, Walter, 1933-
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Abstract:  The Walter A. Lundy Files, Red and Black (Fall 1953) Integration Issue Papers consist of correspondence, clippings and printed materials. The materials document the response on both local and national levels to the dispute between Walter Lundy and Bill Shipp, editor and managing editor of the Red and Black, the student paper of the University of Georgia, and the Board of Regents of the University System led by Roy V. Harris. The debate concerned Lundy and Shipp's statements in two editorial columns advocating the end of racial segregation in Georgia's public schools. The majority of the correspondents support Lundy and Shipp for their position on segregation while others who do not favor the editors' proposals, decry efforts by Harris and the University of Georgia to proscribe the newspaper's control over its editorial content. Many of the letters and newsclipping come from other student newspapers across the country.
Collection Title:  Reflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection, ROGP 039 Michael Thurmond 
Creator:  Thurmond, Michael L., 1953-
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Abstract:  Having served as a Representative in Georgia State House, the director of DFACS, chairman of the Georgia Legislative Black Caucus, and Georgia Commissioner, Michael "Mike" Thurmond discusses his early life in Athens, his education, his experience with legislative policies and politics, his philosophy on labor in Georgia, and the outlook for the Democratic Party of Georgia.
Collection Title:  DeKalb County School Desegregation Case Files 
Creator:  Sams, Gary
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Abstract:  The DeKalb County School Desegregation Case Files document the work of the law firm Weekes & Candler defending the DeKalb County Schools in litigation over school desegregation from 1968 to 1997. The files document the progression of the case from the perspective of the defendants, the demographic makeup of students and to a lesser extent all of DeKalb County during this period, and the evolution of school desegregation case law. The majority of the files are pleadings, exhibits, and data about the school system, as well as other kinds of legal documents, research, and correspondence. Common subjects include attendance boundaries, the DeKalb County Schools policies and procedures, enrollment numbers of students including race, the quality of education, and statistics about teachers and staff.
Collection Title:  Richard B. Russell Library Oral History Documentary Collection, OHD 017 Martha Zoller 
Creator:  Holmes, Callie
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Abstract:  Over two interviews, Martha Zoller discusses her radio show, her conservative leanings, and her campaign for the US House of Representatives in 2010.
Collection Title:  Reflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection, ROGP 053 Erwin Mitchell 
Creator:  Mitchell, Harlan Erwin, 1924-
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Abstract:  Erwin Mitchell practiced law in Dalton, Georgia, before serving as a solicitor general for the Cherokee Judicial Circuit and subsequently as a Superior Court judge on the same circuit. In 1958 Mitchell was elected as a Democrat to the 85th Congress, serving until 1961. Mitchell served on the House Subcommittee on Patents and Scientific Inventions, the Committee on Science and Astronautics, and the Veterans' Affairs Committee. He was elected state senator to the Georgia General Assembly in 1960. Mitchell recalls the turmoil of the integration issue, the Sibley Commission, the Three Governors Controversy, the University System's loss of accreditation during the Talmadge administration, and the River-Arnall and Talmadge factions of the Georgia Democratic Party.
Collection Title:  Reflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection, ROGP 068 Glenn Anthony 
Creator:  Anthony, Glenn, 1924-
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Abstract:  Glenn Anthony reported for the United Press International, covering various civil rights groups in Alabama and Tennessee. He entered politics when he went to work for the Georgia Chamber of Commerce, lobbying for business interests. He was involved in establishing numerous programs, including Stay and See Georgia, a travel program. He lobbied for over twenty years with the Georgia Chamber of Commerce and the Georgia Forest Association. Anthony discusses his early life, lobbying for business interests, and his experience with different Georgia governors.
Collection Title:  Reflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection, ROGP 136 Roy Moultrie 
Creator:  Moultrie, Roy D., 1932-
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Abstract:  Roy D. Moultrie was born in Hamilton, Georgia, on April 2, 1932. He attended West Georgia College and obtained his J.D. from Mercer University. Moultrie served as a probate judge in Harris County, Georgia, before running for state representative for the 93rd district in 1984. He served as a state representative from 1985 to 1993. Moultrie discusses his experiences as a judge, his work in the legislature, and the many Georgia politicians with whom he has worked.
Collection Title:  Reflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection, ROGP 149 Ray Moore 
Creator:  Moore, Ray
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Abstract:  Ray Moore (b. 1922) was an Atlanta TV newsman for twenty-three years. In 1951, he joined WSB Radio and then WSB-TV the following year. Moore resigned as news director of WSB, in 1969, and joined WAGA-TV (Channel 5) until he retired from broadcasting entirely in 1974. Moore produced a number of documentaries on penal reform, school desegregation, hunger, religion, and urban development. Moore discusses his work with WSB, covering legislative news in Georgia, and his experience making documentaries.
Collection Title:  Mary Frances Early Papers 
Creator:  Early, Mary Frances, 1936-
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Abstract:  This collection documents Mary Frances Early, the first African American to graduate from the University of Georgia. Ms. Early’s transcripts, grades, financial aid documents, photographs, diaries, and notebooks illustrate her student life. After graduating from the University of Georgia in 1962, with her master’s in music education, she worked for the Atlanta Public Schools and was involved in local, state and national educational organizations. Ms. Early’s involvement with organizations such as Georgia Music Educators Association, National Endowment for the Arts, and Music Educators National Conference is illustrated by correspondence, photographs, and speeches. Also included are materials regarding her education at Clark Atlanta University (1957) and honors received from the University of Georgia Alumni Association and College of Education. The collection contains correspondence, photographs, programs and event files, official documents from the University of Georgia, diaries, and notebooks.
Collection Title:  Reflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection, ROGP 109 Milton Jones 
Creator:  Jones, Milton, 1936-
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Abstract:  Milton Jones served in the United States Army Reserves from 1954-1962, retiring as a Sergeant 1st class. A Democrat, he was elected to the Georgia House of Representatives in 1963 and served until 1970. In 1974, Governor Jimmy Carter appointed him to the University System of Georgia Board of Regents where he served until 1981. Jones discusses his time in legislature including issues with reapportionment and gubernatorial elections, his experience serving on the Board of Regents, and his impression of party poiltics in Georgia.
Collection Title:  Robert Brown Papers 
Creator:  Brown, Robert Lofton, 1950-2011
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Abstract:  Robert Lofton Brown served in the Georgia State Senate (26th District) from 1991 to 2011 and was a member of the Bibb County Schools Board of Education between 1984 and 1991. Brown was also actively involved in education policy reform in the 1970s and 1980s through his work with the American Friends Service Committee and the Southeastern Public Education Program. Brown's papers document his political career, his civic and social activities, and his advocacy for education reform and civil rights in Macon and beyond.
Collection Title:  Richard B. Russell Library Oral History Documentary Collection, OHD 001 No Other Road: 1953 Red and Black Editors Stand Up for Equality and Free Speech 
Creator:  Adams, Michael F., 1948
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Abstract:  No Other Road: 1953 Red and Black Editors Stand Up for Equality and Free Speech is a public oral history that documents the experiences of the editors of the University of Georgia's newspaper, Red and Black, who in 1953 resigned in protest following their defense of Horace Ward's right to attend the University of Georgia Law School. Moderated by Harry Montevideo, the program includes interviewers Dr. Maurice Daniels and Dr. Kent Middleton, as well as University of Georgia President Michael Adams.
Collection Title:  Richard B. Russell Library Oral History Documentary Collection, OHD 002 A Life of Public Service: A Conversation with Judge Griffin B. Bell 
Creator:  Bell, Griffin Boyette, 1918-
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Abstract:  Bill Shipp interviews Griffin Bell about his career and his tenure as U.S. Attorney General (1977-1979). Bell comments on the integration of Georgia schools and the University of Georgia, the Kennedy presidential campaign in Georgia, and Martin Luther King's releases from jail in Georgia. Griffin discusses the abolished county unit system and on the E.F. Hutton and Exxon Valdez cases. Bell recalls his time as an attorney supporting the civil rights movement, his relationship with Charlie Block, and the confirmation of Judge Alex Lawrence. He reflects on the estrangement between President Johnson and Richard B. Russell and his own confirmation as attorney general. Bell discusses his time as attorney general under President Carter, attending the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, and his support of President George H.W. Bush. Bell also weighs in on the Iran-Contra affair, his role in the Florida Election Controversy, and the Watergate source Deep Throat.
Collection Title:  Richard B. Russell Library Oral History Documentary Collection, OHD 011 Charles Campbell interviewed by Sally Russell Warrington 
Creator:  Campbell, Charles E., 1942-
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Abstract:  Richard B. Russell's niece Sally Russell Warrington interviews Charles Campbell about his work for Senator Richard B. Russell and Russell’s activities from 1965 to 1971. Campbell discusses growing up in Jackson, Georgia, and attending the University of Georgia. He recalls joining Senator Russell's Washington, D.C. staff in 1965. Campbell recalls working his way from legislative assistant to executive secretary and subsequently administrative assistant. He discusses the nature of Senator Russell's relationship with his staff. Campbell comments on Russell's attitude toward Georgia and his perception of the Civil Rights Movement, sit-ins, and Martin Luther King, Jr. Campbell reflects on Senator Russell's reputation and work on Congressional issues other than civil rights, including his work with agriculture policy, national defense, education, rural electrification, and the space program. He discusses Russell's mentorship of younger senators. Campbell discusses Senator Russell's relationship with Lyndon Johnson and the media. Campbell comments on his work as the Chairman of the Russell Foundation and the Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies. He discusses Russell's eulogies and funeral.
Collection Title:  S. Ernest Vandiver, Jr. Papers 
Creator:  Vandiver, S. Ernest (Samuel Ernest), 1918-2005.
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Abstract:  The S. Ernest Vandiver, Jr. Papers consist of office files and personal papers including correspondence, speeches, press releases, reports from state agencies, news stories, editorials, photographs, and scrapbooks from Vandiver’s career as governor of Georgia (1959-1963), lieutenant governor of Georgia (1955-1958), lawyer, and from his post-career years. There are also materials related to Vandiver’s campaign activities, including his campaign for governor of Georgia in 1966 and for the United States Senate in 1972. Series I. Governor’s Office Files, 1959-1962, contains Vandiver’s unofficial papers. His official gubernatorial papers are located at the Georgia Department of Archives and History in Atlanta, Georgia.
Collection Title:  Reflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection, ROGP 051 Betty Vandiver 
Creator:  Vandiver, Betty Russell, 1925-
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Abstract:  Betty Vandiver helped her husband Ernest Vandiver run a successful campaign for lieutenant governor in 1954 and in 1958, when Ernest Vandiver was elected governor of Georgia. As first lady, Betty Vandiver was instrumental in setting up Milledgeville's Central State Hospital, Georgia's first mental institution. She elaborates on her childhood as part of the Russell family, discusses various political campaigns, and recalls the many political personalities she and her husband encountered.
Collection Title:  Reflections on Georgia Politics Oral History Collection, ROGP 055 Louise McBee 
Creator:  McBee, Mary Louise, 1924-
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Abstract:  Louise McBee was elected to the Georgia House of Representatives from Athens-Clarke County in 1991. McBee served on and chaired several committees, including the Appropriations Committee, the Retirement Committee, the World Congress Center Overview Committee, and the Women’s Legislative Caucus. She discusses her election to the Georgia General Assembly and the various committees she worked on. She specifically mentions topics such as the HOPE scholarship, vouchers, the Equal Rights Amendment, and No Child Left Behind. McBee discusses the education legislation she introduced in the General Assembly as well as her work on retirement legislation. She also discusses the importance of education in the home.